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Saving Paradise Chapter 4
Transcript of Saving Paradise Chapter 4
(early 5th cent.) St. Vitale Chuch, Ravenna, Italy (early 6th cent.) Saint Cosma and Damiano (previously Temple of Romulus), Rome (early 6th cent.) St. Vitale Church, Ravenna (early 6th cent.) Mosaic, 1st-2nd cent., Tunisia.
Personification of Rome (female warrior with spear) Arch of Titus, Rome (1st cent.). Commemorates siege of Jerusalem. Arch of Titus relief: spoils of war from Jerusalem temple, Jews taken as slaves. Colossus of Constantine, orig. in Roman Forum, Rome (312-315 CE). 40 feet tall. Head = 8 feet tall. Ephrem of Syria Ambrose of Milan Augustine of Hippo Paradise: What is it good for? Paradise as Critique of Imperial Power Those baptized in Jesus' name share his power as Pantokrator... all-holding, all-Sustaining, Just and Dynamic Power (86, 444). I don't care one iota... oh wait, maybe I do... Is Jesus Christ...
homoiousios (subordinate to God the Father)
homoousios (of the same substance as God the Father)? Not just doctrine or theology at stake, but the identity and power of Christians who became divine like Christ.
If Jesus is...
homoiousios, then he is on the same level of power and authority as Caesar, who is also a Son of God.
homoousios, he is on the same level of God, giving him power over Caesar.
And giving that power to Christians in baptism. Council of Nicea, called by Constantine, says "NO IOTA! Jesus = same substance
as God the Father." Nicene Creed:
We believe in one God,
the Father, the Almighty,
maker of heaven and earth, of all that is, seen and unseen.
We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,
the only Son of God,
eternally begotten of the Father,
God from God, Light from Light,
true God from true God,
begotten, not made,
of one Being with the Father.
Through him all things were made.
For us and for our salvation
he came down from heaven:
was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the virgin Mary
and became truly human.
For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate;
he suffered death and was buried.
On the third day he rose again
in accordance with the Scriptures;
he ascended into heaven
and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead,
and his kingdom will have no end.
We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life,
who proceeds from the Father and the Son.
With the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified,
who has spoken through the Prophets.
We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.
We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.
We look for the resurrection of the dead,
and the life of the world to come. Amen. Socio-Political Context of the Roman Empire
circa 300 CE Holding It All Together
Temptations of Uniformity
Changing Hierarchies Singing Paradise in Word & Deed Holding the Power of Paradise Paradise and Empire Distinguished Chapter Four:
The Church as Paradise in This World John Brett &
Chelsea Globe How does the Nicene Creed act as a statement against Empire? Let's find out... about that space provoked that response in you?
Think further of sacred spaces you have experienced.
What other elements about the space made it sacred? Sacred space and Paradise:
What lived environments
have you experienced as Paradise? What specifically (architecture, decor, etc.) How might Paradise
serve as an ethical imperative Warm Up:
Babbling Exercise to guide religious communities and to critique Empire today?