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Transcript of Targhee Sheep
The Targhee breed was developed around 1926 by the U.S. Sheep Expirement Station in Dubois, Idaho.
They are made up of several different breeds, including
Rambouillet, Lincoln, and Corriedale.
The breed was named "Targhee" after the Nation forest where the animals grazed during the summer.
Ewe and Ram Breeds
Ewe breeds are usually white faced and have fine or medium wool, long wool, or crosses of these types. They are noted for reproductive efficiency, wool production, size, milking ability, and longevity
Ram breeds are meat-type breeds raised primarily to produce rams for crossing with ewes of the ewe breed category. They are noted for growth rate and carcass characteristics.
The Targhee sheep is a ewe breed.
Breed and Wool Characteristics of the Targhee Sheep
Mature body weight for Rams: 200-300 lbs
Mature body weight for Ewes: 125-200 lbs
Dual purpose breed: Targhee sheep are raised for their wool and meat.
They have white faces with white wool.
Their wool is:
3-5 inches in staple length
22-25 microns in fineness (1/4 fine )
of medium quality
Measuring, Grading, and Using Wool Today
" Grade" refers to the average diameter or thickness of the fibers.
Grade is important to determine what material/fabric the wool will be made in to.
The unit of measure is the micron, which is one millionth of a meter.
Some uses of wool are: Sweaters, Coats, Boots, Carpets, Blankets, and Seat Covers.
Targhee Sheep have an average of 1.58 lambs per ewe.
ewes raise a high percentage of twins under range conditions.
(They are noted for their good mothering and milking ability.)
Sheep: Nationally and Internationally
There is about 2,000 sheep registered in the U.S. by the U.S. Targhee sheep association, with members in 38 states and Canada.
Top three sheep producing states: Texas, California, Colorado
Top three sheep producing countries: China, India, Australia
By: Adrianna Vinton
Reasons for Raising Sheep
We raise sheep for many reasons; the top two being meat and wool.
We use their wool to make many things such as clothing and other fabric products.
Lamb meat is flavorful, nutrient packed, and a good alternative to beef.
Mardy R. (2013) .u.s. targhee sheep association. Retrieved from http://www.ustargheesheep.org/index.html
Sheep Production and Management. http://aces.nmsu.edu/sheep/
(2/22/95) Targhee. Retrieved from. http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/sheep/targhee/
Jack M. The History of Targhee Sheep. Retrieved from. http:/www.ustargheesheep.orgHistory_of_Targhee_Sheep.pdf
Barb P. (1/9/12). Targhee Sheep. Retrieved from, http://reiterstarghees.blogspot.com/
(2009) Ranching and Raising Sheep. Retrieved from http://www.ranching-with-sheep.com/
C.M. Bromley, G.D. Snowder, L.D. Van Vleck. Rambouillet, and Targhee sheep Genetic parameters among weight, prolificacy, and wool traits of Columbia, Polypay. Retrieved from http://www.journalofanimalscience.org/content/78/4/846.full.pdf+html?sid=ca5e667d-befa-4fab-908a-99f6ced2c4c6
Cons of Raising Sheep
A sheep enterprise must be well managed.
Sheep are subject to predation by coyotes, eagles, bobcats, lions, bears, domestic dogs, etc.
Sheep require better fencing than do cattle.
Internal parasites can create health problems when sheep are intensively grazed on irrigated pastures.
Pros of Raising Sheep
Sheep are easy to handle and generally require little input.
Sheep production does not require elaborate facilities and equipment.
Sheep consume roughage as their primary feed.
Sheep help control weeds.
Sheep provide two sources of cash income: lamb and wool.
Sheep require a minimum amount of supplemental feeding.
Sheep can provide a quick return on investment.