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Vaccination & Pregnancy
Transcript of Vaccination & Pregnancy
Importance of Vaccination
Vaccines can help keep the mother and her growing family healthy.
Immunization can protect her & her unborn baby from infectious diseases.
Some infectious diseases can cause serious harm to pregnant women or their unborn babies.
Immunization & Vaccination?
Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine.
What Is The First Thing To Do Before Vaccination?
Detailed Vaccination profile of the mother, her age, and her lifestyle should be obtained first.
Prof. Dr. Medhat Mossad Unit
What To & What Not in Table
of vaccinating pregnant women
potential risks when the likelihood of disease exposure is high,
when infection would pose a risk
to the mother or fetus, and when the vaccine is unlikely to cause harm.
Recommending an immunization should be done according to the mother vaccination profile, age, lifestyle and travel.
may be considered
HAV Vaccine, Inactivated Polio Vaccine, & Meningococcal Vaccine
Varicella Vaccine, Herpes Zoster Vaccine, MMR Vaccine, & BCG vaccine
What Are Vaccines & How Do They Work
A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins.
WHO official website
What Are The Different Types Of Vaccines?
Is There Any Risk On The Growing Fetus?
Or Any Precautions To Be Taken?
Risk to a developing fetus from vaccination of the mother during pregnancy is theoretical. No evidence exists of risk to the fetus from vaccinating pregnant women with inactivated virus or bacterial vaccines or toxoids. Live vaccines administered to a pregnant woman pose a theoretical risk to the fetus; therefore, live, attenuated virus and live bacterial vaccines generally are contraindicated during pregnancy.
What Are The Recommended Vaccines?
1. Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis (Tdap); & Tetanus and Diphtheria (Td)
a dose of Tdap during each pregnancy
of the patient’s prior history of receiving Tdap. To maximize the maternal antibody response and passive antibody transfer to the infant,
for Tdap administration is
27 and 36 weeks
of gestation although Tdap may be given at any time during pregnancy.
2. Influenza (Inactivated)
Women in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy are at increased risk for hospitalization from influenza. Because vaccinating against influenza before the season begins is critical, and because predicting exactly when the season will begin is impossible,
routine influenza vaccination is recommended for all women who are or will be pregnant (in any trimester) during influenza season.
Vaccines Recommended For High Risk Pregnancy.
2. Hepatitis A Vaccine
1. Hepatitis B Vaccine
Is an inactivated vaccine, and similar to hepatitis B vaccines, is recommended if another high risk condition or other indication is present.
Pregnant women who are identified as being at risk for HBV infection during pregnancy
(e.g., having more than one sex partner during the previous 6 months, been evaluated or treated for an STD, recent or current injection drug use, or having had an HBsAg-positive sex partner)
should be vaccinated.
3. Polio (IPV)
Although no adverse effects of IPV have been documented among pregnant women or their fetuses,
vaccination of pregnant women should be avoided on theoretical grounds.
However, if a pregnant woman is at increased risk for infection and requires immediate protection against polio, IPV can be administered in accordance with the recommended schedules for adults.
(MenACWY or MPSV4)
Pregnancy should not preclude vaccination with MenACWY or MPSV4, if indicated.
be Given to a Pregnant Lady.
1. Varicella Vaccine
2. MMR Vaccine
It's not only contraindicated during pregnancy, women should be counseled to avoid becoming pregnant for 28 days after vaccination with measles or mumps vaccines or MMR or other rubella-containing vaccines.
4. H. Zoster Vaccine
3. BCG Vaccine
1. Ahmed Khalid Al Menabbawy
2. Islam Adnan A. Ibrahim
Behind the scene:
Amira Atef Elnwawi
Under Supervision of:
Dr. Heba wagieh
Dr. Wael Fayek