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Foundations of Multicultural Education

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Katie Davis

on 10 September 2014

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Transcript of Foundations of Multicultural Education

an educational strategy in which students' cultures are used to develop effective classroom instruction and school environments
What is Multicultural Education
Culture Characteristics
- Enculturation

- socialization

- These two processes establish rules by which we behave and live

-Culture is continuously changing

Pluralism
Differences in culture sometimes result in political alliances that respond to the perceived or real presence of subordination or domination faced by these groups.
Culture
-Culture is a defining factor of who we are

- Culture allows us to make predictions of how people will react in certain situations



Sally Fritz
Christina O'Keefe
Katie Davis
Ceselye Lamb

Foundations of Multicultural Education
Manifestations
-There are various manifestations of culture
-influence the significance of status, pride, loyalty, love of country, religion, etc
Ethnocentrism
-the inability to view other cultures as equally viable alternatives for organizing reality
Relativism
“To see culture as if one were a member of the culture”
The Dominant Culture
- Root of our dominant culture is WASPs
-Individualism
-Freedom
-Also encourages members of society to conform to the new “trends”
Assimilation
-Structural Assimilation

-Does not apply to involuntary immigrants

-Schools promote assimilation
Cultural Pluralism
This theory is a society that allows several distinctive groups to function on their own and equally without requiring any assimilation into the dominant society
Multiculturalism
-Allows different cultural groups to maintain their unique cultural identities while participating equally in the dominant culture

-Important as a teacher to identify your students' levels of multiculturalism
Cultural Identity
Cultural Borders
• Each of us belong to multiple cultures

• Conflict arises when cultural borders are erected

• Educators establish cultural borders in the classroom
Biculturalism
• Important to have proficiencies in multiple cultures

• Members of oppressed groups are forced to become bicultural

• Teachers must understand culture cues of different ethnic groups and be sensitive to the different teaching needs

Equality & Social Justice in a Democracy
Meritocracy
Accepts inequalities that are viewed as national outcomes

There are 3 dimensions to a way people can succeed through their inequalities
• Embrace their certain qualities
• Try to achieve in society
• Knowing that difference makes competition

Equality
Equality not everyone share this there are more inequalities

• Resources of economics
• Political power
• Cultural & social dominance

Social Justice
Element of democracy that is based on the expectation that citizen will provide for those in a society that have a disadvantages

• Decent place to sleep
• No child goes to school hungry
• HealthCare

Obstacles to Equality & Social Justice
• Prejudice ( Stereotyping)
• Discrimination ( Behavior)
• Privileges

Multicultural Education
Evolution of Multicultural Education
-Cultural capital
Compensatory education
Multicultural Education Today
• 1990s developed standards
- Fundamentalists vs. Multiculturalists

Focus on 3 Main Issues:
-Critical pedagogy
-Antiracist education
-Critical race theory


Cultural Matching
Full transcript