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DIGITAL CULTURES 3

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jenny kidd

on 16 September 2016

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Transcript of DIGITAL CULTURES 3

DIGITAL CULTURES 3
OVERVIEW
1. ANTI-SOCIAL MEDIA
2. SOCIAL MEDIA AND PRIVACY
3. SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE FRACTURING OF IDENTITY
ACTIVITY: DIGITAL FOOTPRINTS

1.ANTI-SOCIAL MEDIA
Cyberbullying, Trolling and Flaming
2. SOCIAL MEDIA AND PRIVACY
http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/
Digital Identity
Are digital media (anti)social?
Buzzwords:
collaboration
contribution
community
sociality
democracy
interactivity
participation
prosumption

‘an aggressive act or behavior that is carried out using electronic means by a group or an individual repeatedly and over time against a victim who cannot easily defend him or herself’ (Smith et al., 2008
1. Flaming
2. Harassment
3. Denigration
4. Impersonation
5. Outing
6. Trickery
7. Exclusion
8. Cyberstalking
(Willard 2007)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-23503108

‘Being a prick on the internet because you can’ (The Urban Dictionary)
Why does anti-social behavior take place online?
Complex and not easily understood.
1. Lack of social context
2. Miscommunication
3. Intentional behaviour

'This Sucks. Go Die.'
examples of trolling in the news
RIP Trolling
'So Facebook trolls... laugh at death. They laugh at the body, they laugh at its destruction. They force their victims to confront precisely those things that motivate the popularity of memorial pages — fear of helplessness, fear of losing a loved one, fear of human parts. Thus RIP trolls post pictures of car crashes onto car crash victims’ pages. They post pictures of dead kids onto dead kids’ pages... PhotoShopped pictures of babies in meat grinders, and images of anally impaled corpses.' (Whitney Phillips, 2011)
Who does it?
under 25, focus on USA, male.
'Facebook trolling, like trolling generally, is an absolute sausagefest.' (Whitney Phillips, 2011)
EU: responsibility for Protection of Personal Data
Protecting your personal data - a fundamental right!

The free flow of personal data - a common good!

[European Commission website]
Key elements:
1. Process is to be fair and lawful, with consent of the data subject as the primary means of establishing that processing meets these conditions
2. Processing is only to be undertaken for known and specified purposes
3. No more personal data is to be gathered than necessary and relevant to these purposes
4. Data is to be kept accurately and if necessary updated
5. Data is not to be held longer than necessary to fulfil these purposes
6. Data is to be held securely
7. Rights of data subjects (eg to access and correct their data and prevent its use for direct marketing) are to be respected
8. Data is not to be exported without consent to countries outside the EU where privacy protection is not ‘adequate’

As of 2014... The Right to Be Forgotten
Case study: Oxford students
Who was at fault?

‘Students who didn’t take appropriate security measures using existing tools?

Oxford for snooping on a ‘private place’?

Facebook because it did not provide the right defaults for a ‘reasonable expectation of privacy’?’
Brown, 2010

Playful responses
‘Identities are never unified and, in late modern times, increasingly fragmented and fractured; never singular but multiply constructed across different, often intersecting and antagonistic, discourses, practices and positions. They are … constantly in the process of change and transformation.’ (Hall, 2000)

‘Traditional ideas about identity have been tied to a notion of authenticity that virtual experiences actively subvert. When each player can create many characters in many games, the self is not only decentred but multiplied without limit.’ [Sherry Turkle on digital identity]

‘With so many different communities now open to us on the web, we can begin to simply pick and choose which identities we want to adopt and which ones we want to reject, allowing an individual to decide how they define themselves rather than simply having to stick to the narrow and limited number of choices’ (Creeber, 2009)

Why think about our digital footprint?
Schneier's taxonomy of data (2009)
1. SERVICE
2. DISCLOSED
3. ENTRUSTED
4. INCIDENTAL
5. BEHAVIOURAL

I'm struggling to stay in this world, because everything just touches me so deeply. I'm not doing this for attention. I'm doing this to be an inspiration and to show that I can be strong. I did things to myself to make pain go away, because I'd rather hurt myself then someone else. Haters are haters but please don't hate, although im sure I'll get them. I hope I can show you guys that everyone has a story, and everyones future will be bright one day, you just gotta pull through. I'm still here aren't I ?

- AmandaTodd (2012)

‘‘displaying hostility by insulting, swearing or using otherwise offensive language” (Moor, 2007).
would you defend an individual’s right to act in the ways we have identified here? Is freedom of speech to be preserved at all costs?
Do we need to worry more about our privacy online? Are you concerned about your image being used for endorsements of products?
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00qgzg6
http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/34401972/lena-dunham-cancerous-effect-of-online-abuse-forced-me-off-twitter
http://hell.j38.net/
Anti-social, a 'productivity tool'
https://anti-social.cc/
http://www.pastemagazine.com/blogs/lists/2014/05/7-apps-for-the-anti-social.html
http://www.forbes.com/pictures/edej45ejghf/password-protect-your-devices-7/
overview of the law: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/blogs-magazine-monitor-29686865
Full transcript