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Surtsey

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by

Patricia Alonso

on 5 February 2014

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Transcript of Surtsey

Succession

By Bianca and Patricia

in Surtsey
W
h
a
t
?
W
h
e
r
e
?
Location
63.4N, 20.3W
Volcanic island part of the
Vestmannaeyjar System
1963
1974
1984
Present
1995
1965
1963
Succession slows down
1998
Eruption
1 Stage
2 stage
3 STAGE
4 Stage
iNFERTILLE SOIL
shore plants
1965 First plants
sea rocket
(Cakile arctica)
lyme grass
(Leymus arenarius)
oyster plant
(Mertensia maritima)
sea sandwort
(Honkenya peploides)
Mosses 1967
Lychens 1970
Fulmar
(Fulmarus Glacialis)
black guillemot
(Cepphus Grylle)
First birds 1970
black-backed gull
(Larus marinus)

1974
kittiwake
(Rissa tridactyla
1975
herring gull
(Larus argentatus)
1981
black-backed gull
(Larus fuscus)
1986
Nitrogen
Vegetation
Salix phylicifolia
first bushy
Soil is more fertile
More plants dye giving nutrients to the soil
More plants
GROW
gulls help the plants to spread and reproduce
More Organic matter
Increase the amount of plankton seaweed
This will increase the number of fish
This is an Intermediate stage
their is still no climax community
sUCCESSION STAGES
No climax
community yet
1965 First plants
sea rocket
(Cakile arctica)
PIONEER
cOMMUNITY
Colonisers
Salix phylicifolia
first bushy
lyme grass
(Leymus arenarius)
shRUBS
early succession
Small trees
mid-succession
Collembolans
Primary Consumers
Secondary consumers
FOOD CHAIN
1967 First insects
Collembolans
sea rocket
(Cakile arctica)
black-backed gull
(Larus marinus)

Mineral cycle
Bibliography
"The Surtsey Research Society." The Surtsey Research Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 SAT. 2014.
Specific information about every specie.

Clement Stratford. "Succession on Surtsey Island." Prezi.com. N.p., n.d. 01 sAt. Feb.
Base information the different stages.

B.D Sigurdsson and B. Magnusson. "Effect of seagulls on ecosystems respiration, soil nitrogen and vegetation cover on a pristine volcanic island, Surtsey, Iceland" Biogeoscienses.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.
Respiration Diagram.

"Surtsey - The Volcanho Island, Iceland. Insects." Surtsey - The Volcanho Island, Iceland. Insects.
N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.
Information about the and the collembolan and the lUmbricus castaneus.



Producers
Changes in Respiration have affected
the Net productivity
1978 16 NEW species of
collembolans
1993-1995
lUmbricus castaneus
Full transcript