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Short Story Elements

Short Story Elements
by

Megan McElhinney

on 19 March 2011

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Transcript of Short Story Elements

Short Story Elements Plot: The Events of the Story Exposition: This introduces the setting, the time period and the characters. The Initial Incident (Problem is also introduced)
Rising Action: The problem is introduced and the character attempts to solve it
Climax: Highest point of tension, the character must face their problem head on
Falling Action: Loose ends of the story are wrapped up
Conclusion: The reader understands what has happened to the characters Characters There are many types of characters in short stories.
Most important to remember are the protagonist and antagonist. Round:Character is very realistic. The reader is able to see all sides of the character. Flat: Character is kind of boring and we only know a few things about them. Stock: Character is used to show a stereotype Dynamic: Undergoes change in the course of the story (change of understanding, values, commitment) Static:Does not undergo any change in the course of the novel. Usually a secondary character. Setting Where and when the story takes place
Can be specific (Nov 2, 2011 in Room 4 at Rosedale School), or less specific (a sunny afternoon in the springtime) Time Sequence Foreshadowing: Hints or clues about what will happen later in the story Flashforward:When the chronological sequence of events is interrupted with an event from the future Flashback:The chronological sequence of events is interrupted by an event from the past Mood Mood is established through detailed descriptions of setting, people, and atmosphere of a story.
Ex. Haunted house = dark and foreboding Suspense Tension leading up to the main event Point of View Third Person Omniscient: Gives a god-like perspective, knows and sees all about all characters Limited Omniscient: The narrator knows all and sees all about ONE character First Person: The narrator is a person in the story and tells the story from their point of view Second Person: The narrator tells the story as if it is happening to the reading. (Very rare) Conflict Person vs. Person Person vs. Nature/Society Person vs.Self Person vs. Supernatural Theme The theme is the underlying meaning of the story.
It may be about the author's thoughts or a view about human nature.
A theme is complex and often requires a deeper look at the meaning of the text.
Irony Dramatic:When the reader knows something the character does not Verbal: When what is said means the literal opposite of what is meant Situational: When the opposite of what is expected to happen, happens
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