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Julia de Burgos
Transcript of Julia de Burgos
Nada turba mi ser, pero estoy triste.
Algo lento de sombra me golpea,
aunque casi detrás de esta agonía,
he tenido en mi mano las estrellas.
Debe ser la caricia de lo inútil,
la tristeza sin fin de ser poeta,
de cantar y cantar, sin que se rompa
la tragedia sin par de la existencia.
Ser y no querer ser… esa es la divisa,
la batalla que agota toda espera,
encontrarse, ya el alma moribunda,
que en el mísero cuerpo aún quedan fuerzas.
¡Perdóname, oh amor, si no te nombro!
Fuera de tu canción soy ala seca.
La muerte y yo dormimos juntamente…
Cantarte a ti, tan sólo, me despierta.
Nothing troubles my being, but I am sad.
Something slow and dark strikes me,
though just behind this agony,
I have held the stars in my hand.
It must be the caress of the useless,
the unending sadness of being a poet,
of singing and singing, without breaking
the greatest tragedy of existence.
To be and not want to be... that's the motto,
the battle that exhausts all expectation,
to find, when the soul is almost dead,
that the miserable body still has strength.
Forgive me, oh love, if I do not name you!
Apart from your song I am dry wing.
Death and I sleep together . . .
Only when I sing to you, I awake.
Accomplishments and Awards
Childhood and Family Life
Julia de Burgos
“I am life, strength, woman.”
In February 1953, she wrote one of her last poems, "Farewell in Welfare Island". It was written during her last hospitalization and is believed to be the only poem she wrote in English. In the poem she foreshadows her death and reveals an ever darker concept of life:
"My childhood was all a poem in the river, and a river in the poem of my first dreams."
"... she was committed both to learning and to social change."
Julia Constanza de Burgos García was born to Francisco Burgos Hans (a farmer) and Paula García de Burgos on February 17, 1914 in Carolina, Puerto Rico.
She was the oldest of thirteen children, and six of her youngest siblings died of malnutrition.
At a young age she learned to love literature and the landscape of her homeland.
Her love for literature and language led her to write poetry. Among her early influences were Luis Lloréns Torres, Clara Lair, Rafael Alberti and Pablo Neruda.
She attended school thanks to donations from local townspeople.
After she graduated from Muñoz Rivera Primary School in 1928, her family moved to Rio Piedras where she was awarded a scholarship to attend University High School. In 1931, she enrolled in the University of Puerto Rico to become a teacher.
She began her teaching career working at the Barrio Cerdo Arriba in Naranjito.
She also worked as writer for a children's program on public radio, but was reportedly fired for her political beliefs.
She enrolled as a graduate student in literature and philosophy at the University of Havana from 1940-1942.
1943: married Armando Marín, a musician from Vieques, after moving to New York.
divorced 4 years later, putting her into further depression and alcoholism.
Published 3 lyrical poem books. 3rd Burgos's lyrical poems are a combination of the intimate, the land and the social struggle of the oppressed. Many critics asserts that her poetry anticipated the work of feminist writers and poets as well as that of other Hispanic authors. In one of her poems, she writes: “I am life, strength, woman.”
Among Julia de Burgos' most famous works are:
El Rio Grande de Loiza
Poema para Mi Muerte (My Death Poem),
Yo Misma Fui Mi Ruta (I Was My Own Path),
Alba de Mi Silencio (Dawn of My Silence),
Alta Mar y Gaviota
"Farewell in Welfare Island"
By:Julia de Burgos
It has to be from here,
right this instance,
my cry into the world.
My cry that is no more mine,
but hers and his forever,
the comrades of my silence,
the phantoms of my grave.
On June 28, 1953 while living in Brooklyn she disappeared without leaving a clue as to where she went.
It was later discovered that on July 6, 1953, she collapsed on a sidewalk in the Spanish Harlem section of Manhattan, and later died of pneumonia at a hospital in Harlem at the age of 39. Since no one claimed her body and she had no identification on her, the city gave her a pauper's burial on the city's only potter's field.
Eventually, some of her friends and relatives were able to trace her, find her grave, and claim her body. A committee was organized in Puerto Rico, presided over by Dr. Margot Arce de Vázquez, to have her remains transferred to the island. Burgos' remains arrived on September 6, 1953 and funeral services for her were held at the Puerto Rican Atheneum. She was given a hero's burial at the Municipal Cemetery of Carolina.
A monument was later built at her burial site by the City of Carolina.
On February 19, 1987, the Spanish Department of the University of Puerto Rico granted Julia a doctorate in Human Arts and Letters, after she died. The recognition was presented to her niece, Maria Consuelo Seaz Burgos
Many cities, states, and countries have honored Julia by naming places after her, and there have been a couple films and documentaries made about her, including a novel.
Her name is on a plaque in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, honoring the women of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party.
1934: married Ruben Rodgrigues Beauchmap
divorced 3 years later due to political obligations to the Puerto Rican Nationalist party
Later romantically involved with a Dominican physician, Dr. Juan Isidro Jimenes Grullon.
broke up after moving with him to Cuba because of tensions that built-up
What happened to a lot of her siblings?
Though her family was so deep in poverty, how was she able to attend school?
What was her final poem, and give one reason why it is significant.