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Schrodinger, Heisenberg and friends
Transcript of Schrodinger, Heisenberg and friends
1927 Solvay Conference - "Electrons and Photons"
Louis de Broglie
Originated Quantum Theory. Quantised Energy using the formula e = hf. Worked to understand radiation and concluded that it could only be emitted in quanta (discrete packets). This led to the Planck mass and Planck length
Won the Nobel Prize in 1918 and whose work was integral to those that followed.
Used the quantum idea of energy to derive
quantum states for electrons. Applied the model of Rutherford with Planck's new idea of quanta to postulate that electrons could move up states when excited and releases photons of energy when returning to their initial state.
Won the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Conducted vital research into radiation, coining the very name as well as identifying techniques for seperating nuclides. Discovered Polonium and Radium
Won 1903 Nobel Prize of Physics and 1911 Nobel Prize of Chemistry. Died of radiation poisioning as effects of ionising radiation were not yet known. Pioneering woman in Science.
Early career dedicated to identifying a successor to Newtonian Physics that explained the electromagnetic force. After determining the photoelectric effect to help birth quantum mechanics, identified relativity as a foundation of this new mechanics.
Won Nobel Prize for work on the Phoelectric Effect in 1921.
After fleeing Germany to the US and being involved int he Manhattan Project, dedicated rest of life to unifying the fundamental forces.
Responsible for the Exclusion Principle and was first to postulate the neutrino. Giving fundamental particles a value for 'spin', he proposed that no two identical fermions could not occupy the same quantum state simultaneously.
Close friends with Neils Bohr and Werner Heisenberg. Won the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Contributed with the famous wave equation to quantum mechanics, describing quantum state mechanics much like Newton's equations described linear movement.
Won the 1933 Nobel Prize in Physics and postulated Schrodingers Cat thought experiment in 1935.
Contributed the Uncertainty Principle which places a limit on the precision of measurements we can make on a particles momentum and position.
Was good friends with Neils Bohr until the breakout of War in 1935. Discussions believe it was over opposing stances on nuclear weaponry. Grew up in the DeutschePhysik stage of Science, being in Germany and proliferating anti-semitic science (rejecting ideas such as relativity). Won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1932.
Introduced major findings into the idea of wave/particle duality, determining the wave of a photon carries the particle at a particular vibration
Won the 1929 Nobel Prize in Physics
Let me show you a photo with more pull than an Oscars Selfie...
17 of these 29 scientists won Nobel prizes...
William Bragg along with his father won the Nobel Prize for their study of the lattice structure of crystals using X-Ray diffraction and their purpose built X-Ray spectrometer (born in Adelaide too)
Leon Brillouin practically invented solid state physics and helped develop the technology that became the computers we use today.
Arthur Compton figured that X-rays collide with electrons like particles (Compton Scattering)
Hendrik Lorentz created the transformation equations that Einstein used to describe relativity. 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics.