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The Amazing Underwater Life of Jacques Cousteau

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Josh Cooper

on 6 January 2015

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Transcript of The Amazing Underwater Life of Jacques Cousteau

The Amazing Underwater Life of Jacques Cousteau
The Most Important Stuff
Jacques Cousteau was the inventor of the Aqualung, which started the exploration and recreational enjoyment of diving underwater everywhere.
Cousteau's Early Life
Jacques-Yves Cousteau was born in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, France on June 11, 1910.
When Jacques was 10 he moved to New York, and went to school there.

After 2 years he went back to France, and at that school broke most of the windows calling it a physics experiment.

After Jacques graduated military school, with flying colors, he went off to the French Naval Academy to be a part of the Navy.

When he finished and became a part of the French Navy he decided to go back to the Academy for flight school, to become a pilot.

But before he could graduate from flight school he was in a tragic car accident, so he was told he couldn't become a pilot. anymore

While recovering thoug, he went to a party where he met Simone Melchior, who he would marry after she finished high school.
But he was only able to make it with the help of other people, namely Emile Gagnan, who was the co-inventor that made it off of Cousteau’s design.
Jacques Cousteau was also the founder of the Cousteau Society, which was a group of people that tried to show others the wonders of the ocean, and the damage that people were doing to it.
This is Jacques-Yves Cousteau, a completely amazing, adventurous and caring man from France.
School and Academy Years
This is a picture of Cousteau (left) and Gagnan (right).
Quick Trivia:
The aqualung was and is now still called the SCUBA in America, what does SCUBA stand for?
Ideas for inventions... During World War II
Next was Frederic Dumas, who was a man that lived in Toulon as a skin diver.
Once he joined Cousteaus’ group they would start to think of how they could dive underwater for long periods of time while being able to move freely.

During World War II he had to fight as part of the Navy, until France surrendered and Germany occupied France.
Luckily for Cousteau, his family, and his friends they lived at sea and the Germans didn’t really bother them much so they were free to do almost anything.
Another lucky thing for them is that the Germans just thought they were crazy people with the weird outfits and equipment they were using, so they were left to experiment.

Next he figured out how to fix the problem of wasting too much oxygen and not having enough oxygen in a container.

He also solved the problem of too much nitrogen getting into his body by making a mask that only covered his nose and eyes, while everything he breathed out rose up to the surface.

After the War...
After the war he went back into the Navy, into the Underseas Research Group, because of his device the aqualung.

Also, Cousteau really was part of the French Resistance, and he was awarded by the French government with the highest medal of bravery, the French Legion of Honor.

Next he would start to write books mainly about his adventures on the Calypso which was the name of his boat as they went to see some of the wonders of the ocean.

Jacques Cousteau wrote 23 books during his lifetime, the first was called the Silent World Below, and was a huge success.

Big Projects
In 1957, he and his crew started to develop the diving saucer, a two-person submarine.
It was called the diving saucer.

His diving saucer could dive down as deep as 2,500 feet.
In 1962 Cousteau wanted to see what would happen if a person were to live underwater for extended periods of time, the project was called the Conshelf.
It was a success, so he tried this two other times with more people and at deeper depths for even longer periods of time.
In 1968 Cousteau started a TV show to show people the wonders of the sea, the show was called the Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau.
His show ran for 9 years, even though it was only suppose to run for 5 years, but it was a very popular show, that a lot of people liked to watch.
Because of Cousteau’s large amount of concern for the sea and the destruction being done to it he founded the Cousteau Society, to try to stop people from polluting the ocean immediately and figure out how much people impacted it.
And within just one year his society already had 120,000 members, and the money he got from the fees he used for his expeditions and to promote his cause, since he believed people might care more if they knew about it.
The Death of a Great Man
and some tributes to him...
Jacques Cousteau passed away June 25, 1997 due to a heart failure, and a special memorial service was made for him in the Notre Dame Cathedral.

His funeral was so special since this Cathedral is usually just used for heads of state, presidents, kings and others of high social statuses as well.
And the President of France, Jacques Chirac, even felt that he was a great man, since he said he was a legend that represented the defendse of nature and modern adventures.

There was even a tribute to him from President Bill Clinton himself acknowledging his achievements in his life saying that he was a man with rare insight and extraodinary spirit and some other things...
Also the song that started at the beginning of this presentation is called Calypso, after Cousteau's boat as a tribute to him. Although it was before he died.
Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus
Full transcript