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Transcript of Tunisia.
north- temperate with mild rainy winters and hot, dry summers
south- desert climate Landforms
South- Sahara Desert
North- more mountainous with the atlas Mountains continuing from Algeria Natural Resources petroleum
Berber Economic system
Tunisia has a diverse, market-oriented economy. It includes important agricultural, mining, tourism, and manufacturing sectors but faces a number of challenges.
Currency: Tunisian dinar (TND) Imports
machinery and equipment
phosphates and chemicals
clothing vs. Government
The politics of Tunisia function within a framework of a democratic constitutional republic, with a President serving as head of state, Prime Minister as head of government. Ali Laarayedh, Prime minister Moncef Marzouki, President The Phoenicians founded Carthage (near the present-day city of Tunis), and it soon dominated the Mediterranean. 146 BCE Carthage was conquered by the Romans (Third Punic War), destroyed and then rebuilt. The Vandals, originally a Germanic tribe, captured the city, and used it as a base to raid throughout the Mediterranean (including the sacking of Rome in 433 CE). 439 CE 534 CE 814 BCE Islamic Arabs invaded the region and founded Kairouan (Tunisia). Tunisia (Kairouan) was ruled by a series of dynasties: Aghlabite, Fatimid, and Zirid. Tunis was captured by the Spanish. 1535 1574 670 CE Carthage was taken by the Byzantine empire (otherwise known as the Eastern Roman empire). 800-16th century Tunis became part of the Ottoman empire. It was ruled, more or less independently, by the Beys of Tunis. 1878 The region was recognized as a French sphere of influence by the 1878 Congress of Berlin The region became a French protectorate. 1883 1956 early 18th century Tunisia gained independence under the rule of Pasha Bey Muhammad al-Amin. Customs
Birth- 7 days after child's birth, amulets covered with fish, coins, or teeth are worn on the child to protect him/her from evil forces.
Marriage.- Marriage is considered a union not only between individuals but also between two families. Marriage in Tunisia today requires the woman's consent, who must be at least 17 years old.
Death- If possible, Muslim funerals take place the same day as the death.
Eating- Eating from a common plate is customary. Traditionally, Tunisians eat with their fingers. In some traditional homes, people sit on the floor around a low, round, wooden table at mealtimes.
Socializing- Greetings are important in Tunisia and should not be neglected. Friends and family members often greet each other by “kissing the air” while brushing cheeks. Among strangers, both men and women, a handshake is the most common form of greeting. Traditional Holidays
Eid Al-Fitr- the first day of the month of Shawwaal, celebrates the end of fasting and self-denial during month of Ramadan.
Eid Al-Adha- major festival celebrated on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijja,the 12th month in the Islamic calendar, and celebrates Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son at God's command.
Mawlid An-Nabi- the prophet Muhammad's birthday, celbrated on the 12th day of Rabi' al-awwal, the 3rd month in the Islamic calendar
Muharram- the Islamic New Year
There are also many traditional festivals occurring year-round throughout Tunisia. Region
Tunisia is part of the North African region. What separates this region of Africa from the rest of Africa is an effective barrier made by the Sahara Desert. Not only are these areas geographically separated, but throughout history this barrier has also culturally separated the regions. Cultural Geography Location
absolute- between latitudes 30 degrees north and 38 degrees north and between longitudes 7 degrees east and 12 degrees east
relative- on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, midway between the Atlantic and the Nile First Settlers
Carthaginians- clear glass
Chahbani Bellachheb- micro-irrigation techniques that allow the storage of water inside soil
Akrem Mourad- cellphone battery that charges within 50 seconds
Akrem Mourad- artificial muscle HISTORY Physical Geography Links to Culture Hearths
Tunisia's culture has been influenced by the west African culture hearth as well as the Nile River Valley culture hearth. 5 Themes of Geography
My article is about the thousands of Tunisians trying to illegally immigrate to Italy. Italy is wanting to use armed forces to stop illegal immigrants from Tunisia coming in.
The themes of geography found in the article are location, place, region, movement, and human-environment interaction. Location can be identified as throughout Tunisia and North Africa as well as the southern coast of Italy. Human characteristics of place can be seen in the reading as it mentions Tunisia's government. It says Tunisia’s interim government unraveled a month after President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali was forced from power in a popular uprising. Region is found when it says North Africa, which is a region of Africa containing most countries in the Sahara Desert. Movement is displayed as the article discusses more than 3,00o Tunisians immigrating to an Italian island. Human-environment interaction is the last theme which can be when the Italians have to modify their coastline and Tunisia's coastline with armed forces to stop the wave of immigrants from coming in. In conclusion, location, place, region, movement, and human-environment intraction are all found in this article