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The Arts and The Industrial Revolution
Transcript of The Arts and The Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution Focusing on Photography Who were the key figures
in photography during the
Industrial Revolution? Did photography have an
impact on the Industrial Revolution? Factory-Life Travel Sources Ferdinand Hurter and
Vero Charles Driffield Louis Daguerre James Clerk Maxwell Nicèphore Nièpce The Inventors The Countries The Chemicals How did the Industrial
Revolution affect the arts? The Industrial Revolution brought about many new inventors and theorists in Europe as a result of their new-found manufacturing prowess. Although never truly "backed" by specific countries or nations, experimentation containing both success and failure occurred in France, Brazil, and England. A French inventor who experimented with chemicals near the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and created the first permanent photo-etching in 1822 (although he destroyed it when attempting to duplicate it). He worked with Nièpce to find a new process that took less time than the usual several hours that old processes required. Although a physicist, Maxwell is credited with creating the first color photograph in 1861 using his "three-color separation principle" published in 1855. After extensive experimentation and research, primarily due to the availability of resources in the Industrial Revolution, these two Swiss inventors discovered that the density of the silver used to produce an image caused a change in the light captured. This is widely regarded as the first encounter with what is known today as ISO. In the late 19th century, when Industrialization began spreading to America, child labor became a very large part of factory-life, for better or worse, and while many opposed it, a few took it upon themselves to use "investigative photography" to reveal to the public what is truly happening in the factories. Although many people flocked to cities during the Industrial Revolution, some flocked to the various corners of the world, documenting what they saw through photography. Why is this important? These inventors, combined with access to new materials and chemicals, brought about the beginning of photography, redefining what people consider "art" for centuries to come. Prior to modern-day digital photography, chemicals were an incredibly important part of the photographic process The Industrial Revolution not only allowed people to access new materials to experiment with, but it also allowed a wider variety of people to experiment with them. Although it varied in different regions, common mixtures included silver salts and chalk, both of which darkened slightly when exposed to light. Furthermore, other countries, like China and Greece, played a somewhat important role in the development of photography, contributing finds such as the Pinhole Camera, Silver Nitrate, and other things. Although only a few of these had an impact that could be seen in the 19th Century. He created the first permanent photograph in 1826 with a Camera Obscura "View from a Window at Le Gras" And thus, in combination with the advances of the Industrial Revolution, the Daguerreotype was born. Using this new process, which combined a silvered copper plate with heated silver foil, Daguerre captured the first image with a person in it in 1838, despite the exposure requiring several minutes. This is a perfect example that shows how the Industrial Revolution allowed such a variety of people to experiment with different means. To get a little more technical: Maxwell took three separate black and white photographs through red, green, and blue filters, objects that were previously unavailable prior to the experimentation that came about in the Industrial Revolution. He then used an "Additive Method" to combine the colors together, and superimpose them onto a single surface. This long process led to this image: It also led to later developments in film that allowed pictures to be taken in seconds rather than minutes or hours. One of the most famous factory photographers, although coming slightly later in the very beginning of the 20th century. Lewis Hine This was one of the first times where people would travel the world simply to record images of what they saw. The Industrial Revolution is what made travel like this possible however, as transportation became more prominent, cheaper, and faster thanks to steam power and other advancements. "Photography." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photography>. "Childhood Labor During the Industrial Revolution." Childhood Lost. Eastern Illinois University, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.eiu.edu/eiutps/childhood.php>. "The History Place - Child Labor in America: Investigative Photos of Lewis Hine." Child Labor in America: Investigative Photos of Lewis Hine. The History Place, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/>. Flax, Brittany. "Industrial Revolution." DaguerrePhotography. N.p., 2009. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.daguerrephotography.webs.com/>. "The Impact of Early Photography." Photography. Infoplease, 2005. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/entertainment/photography-still-the-impact-early-photography.html>. London, Barbara, and Jim Stone. A Short Course in Digital Photography. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River [NJ: Prentice Hall, 2010. Print. The End Images courtesy of Google Images Hurter Driffield