Transcript of Elli Wiesel Vs. Viktor Frankl
Elie Wiesel Vs. Viktor Frankl SIMILARITIES ? Dane They both witnessed cruelty within the camps. “If, as usually happened, some of the excrement splashed into his face during its transport over bumpy fields, any sign of disgust by the prisoner or any attempt to wipe off the filth would only be punished with a blow from the Capo.” P. 21 (Man’s Search for Meaning) “Beatings occurred on the slightest provocation, sometimes for no reason at all” p. 23 (Man’s Search for Meaning) “A truck drew close and unloaded its hold: small children. Babies! Yes, I did see this with my own eyes…children thrown into the flames.” P.32 (Night) 1. 2. 3. Wiesel and Frankl both see multiple occasions in which a prisoner is badly beaten or worse. Wiesel witnesses many hanging, including the hanging of a young child. Many of the Jews were shot, put in gas chambers, and starved to death. They Are Both Males A man who becomes conscious of the responsibility he bears toward a human being who affectionately waits for him, or to an unfinished work, will never be able to throw away his life. He knows the “why” for his existence, and will be able to bear almost any how. — (P.80 Man's search for meaning) Rachael "Father! I've been looking for you for so long.... Where were you? did you sleep? How are you feeling?" -(Page 106 Night) 1. 2. Men take on the role of protectors. In the case of Viktor Frankl he said that men were more likely to survive if they had a wife that they were supposed to take care of and protect. Elie survived because it was his job to protect and care for his dad. Both Wiesel and Frankel wanted to make a difference after the Holocaust Tiffany Frankel invented logo therapy, which is modern psychology. Wiesel wanted to stop genocide, hate, and discrimination all around the world. Viewed the body as a corpse Courtney When the last layers of subcutaneous fat had vanished, and we looked like skeletons disguised with skin and rags, we could watch our bodies beginning to devour themselves. the organism digested its own protein and the muscle disappeared. (pg 30, Man's Search for meaning) ... We thought alike: This body here, my body, is really a corpse already (pg 30 Man's Search for Meaning) 1. 2. 3. From the depths of the mirror, a corpse was contemplating me. pg 115, Night) Experiencing Selections It was the first selection, the first verdict made on our existence. (pg12, Man's Search For Meaning) 1. 2. " " " " " " " " "No. The man now sounded angry. Not fifty. You're forty. Do you hear? Eighteen and forty." (pg30 Night) The Shaving "Next we were herded int another room to be shaved: not only our heads were shorn, but not a hair was left on our entire bodies." (pg15 Man's Search for Meaning) 1. "There clipper tore out our hair, shaved every hair off our bodies." (pg 35, Night) 2. Beatings "I no longer felt anything except the lashes of the whip... He took his time with the lashes. Only the first really hurt." (pg 57, Night) 1. "The most painful part of the beatings is the insults which they imply." (pg 24 Man's search for meaning) 2. Auschwitz "Auschwitz is something else, always something else. It is a universe outside the universe, a creation that exist parallel to creation. Auschwitz lies on the other side of life and on the other side of death. There, one lives differently, on walks differently, one dreams differently. Auschwitz represents the negation of human progress and casts doubt on its validity." (pg 165, From the Kingdom of Memory) "Auschwitz- the name stood for all that was horrible: gas chambers, crematoriums, massacres." (pg 9, Man's Search for meaning) 1. 2. Krista Experienced Great loss “An SS came toward us wielding a club. He commanded: ‘Men to the left! Women to the right!’ Eight words spoken quietly, indifferently, without emotion. Eight simple, short words. Yet that was the moment when I left my mother.”…”And I walked on with my father, with the men. I didn’t know that this was the moment in time and the place where I was leaving my mother and Tzipora forever.” (Page 29, Night) “I climbed into my bunk above my father, who was still alive. The date was January 28, 1945. I woke up at dawn on January 29. On my father’s cot there lay another sick person.” (Page 112, Night) “Since my fathers death, nothing mattered to me anymore.” (Page 113, Night) “My mind still clung to the image of my wife. A thought crossed my mind: I didn't even know if she were still alive. I knew only one thing — which I have learned well by now: Love goes very far beyond the physical person of the beloved. It finds its deepest meaning in his spiritual being, his inner self. Whether or not he is actually present, whether or not he is still alive at all, ceases somehow to be of importance.” (Page 38, Man's Search for Meaning) “When we spoke about attempts to give a man in camp mental courage, we said that he had to be shown something to look forward to in the future. He had to be reminded that life still waited for him, that a human being waited for his return. But after liberation? There were some men who found that no one awaited them.” (Page 92, Man's Search for Meaning)) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Differences ? Haniyyah Motivation to Survive His father motivated him to survive. He had someone to keep living for. Before CC’s, Wiesel & his father didn’t really connect for reasons such as education and his father being impassive. After being in the camp, Wiesel witnesses his father crying which negates the thought of him being impassive. Thus Wiesel grows fond of his father and an intimate father son relationship was formed. Wiesel Frankl “Survivor specialist” spiritual strength and his will to life. Because Frankl was already a psychiatrist before the holocaust, he formed a new kind of therapy, Logotherapy, based on his personal experiences. “. . . attempted to bridge the gap and unite all men in relative struggles to find the meaning of life” (http://www.studentpulse.com/articles/289/logotherapy-and-the-holocaust-uniting-human-experience-in-extremity-and-normality). 10 years Vow of Silence Did not take revealing the horrors lightly; the 10 year vow of silence communicates the magnitude of the event. Rachael How They Reacted Upon Liberation "Timidly we looked around and glanced at each other questioningly then we ventured a few steps out of the camp. This time no orders where shouted at us, nor was there any need to duck quickly to avoid a blow or kick.... We wanted to see the camp's surroundings for the first time with the eyes of free men." (pg87, Man's Search for Meaning) 1. "I remained in Buchenwald until April 11. I shall not describe my life during that period. It no longer mattered. Since my father's death, nothing mattered to me anymore." (pg113, Night) Viktor couldn't believe that he was free, because it was so surreal to him whereas Elie doesn't say a lot about his liberation. At that point he was exhausted and he was beginning to give up. He lost the only thing that mattered to him in the camps and that was his father. 2. Dane Veiw of Camps “Blessed be God’s name? Why, but why would I bless him? Every fiber in me rebelled. Because He caused thousands of children to burn in his mass graves? Because He kept six crematoria working day and night, including Sabbath and the Holy Days? Because in His great might, He had created Auschwitz, Birkenau, Buna, and so many other factories of death?” p. 67 (Night) Wiesel blames God for the punishment taking place within the camps. Frankl sees it as an experiment. “And then there was no longer any reason for me to fast. I no longer accepted God’s silence. As I swallowed my ration of soup, I turned that act into a symbol of rebellion, of protest against him.” p. 69. (Night) Elie starts to lose his faith in God and wonders how God could allow such horrible things to go on without doing anything to stop it. Frankl thinks the concentration are used to see how people can cope with suffering, find meaning in it, and move forward with renewed purpose. “The meaning of our existence is not invented by ourselves, but rather detected.” p. 157. “We can discover this meaning in life in three different ways: (1) by doing a deed; (2) by experiencing a value; and (3) by suffering.” p. 176 Courtney How Jews Treated Dead Bodies How They Viewed The Camp/What Kept Them Going Krista Elie Wiesel - Humanities/ Viktor Frankl -Scientific “Our first act as free men was to throw ourselves onto the provisions. That’s all we thought about. No thought of revenge or of patents. Only of bread.” (Page 115, Night) “During this psychological phase one observed that people with natures of a more primitive kind could not escape the influences of the brutality which had surrounded them in camp life.” (Page 90, Man's Search for Meaning) Tiffany "After one of them had died, I watched without any emotional upset the scene that followed, which was repeated over and over again with each death. One by one the prisoners approached the still warm body. One grabbed the remains of a messy meal of potatoes; another decided that the corpse's wooden shoes were an improvement on his own, and exchanged them. A third man did the same with the dead man's coat, and another was glad to beable to secure some - just imagine!- genuine string. (pg 22, Man's search for Meaning) "Father, I said, you cannot stay here. I pointed to the corpses around him; they too had wanted to rest here. I see, my son. I do see them. Let hem sleep. They havent closed an eye for so long... They're exausted...exausted... (pg 105, Night) 1. 2. "From a psychological point of view, we had a long, long way in front of us from the break of that dawn at the station until our first nights rest at camp." (pg 13, Man's Search for Meaning) "Oh god, Master of the Universe, give me the stregnth never to do what Rabbi Eliahu's son had done." (pg 91, Night) "And I started to hit him harder and harder. At last my father half opened his eyes."(pg 99, Night) 1. 2. 3. Wiesel went into the camp with his father, so he had someone to after him. Frankel was in the camp alone because him and his wife were separated. Full transcript
“On that same day someone had a twenty-fourth birthday. That someone lay in another part of Auschwitz camp, possibly only a few hundred or a thousand yards away, and yet completely out of reach. That someone was my wife (pg43, Man's Search fr Meaning)”.