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Transcript of Sam Houston
Sam was known as an outstanding general and statesman. After the Alamo and Goliad, only Sam Houston and his small army were ready to defend Texas. He was then ranked first lieutenant before resigning to go to law school.
Why Sam Houston is important
Sam Houston is important to this day because he fought in many wars and he was the 1st president of the Republic of Texas. He was also elected president twice. He had to act over the Regulator-Moderator War of 1844, which caused him to send in the militia. He also won against Santa Anna at the battle of San Jacinto.
Samuel Houston was born on March 2, 1793 in Virginia, but grew up in the Tennessee mountains. He was the fifth kid of nine kids and his dad died when he was just 13. Sam was very self-educated and loved reading books. When Sam was young, he was good friends with the Cherokee Indians and he would much rather spend time with the indians than spend time at his house. At the age of 15, Sam ran away from his home to live with Indians.
March 24, 1813 - Enlists in the U.S. Army as a private
March 16, 1814 - Severely wounded at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, where Andrew Jackson defeats the Creek Indians
1817 - Appointed sub-agent to the Cherokees
1818 - Studies law and is elected prosecuting attorney of Nashville
1820 - Missouri Compromise maintains the balance between free and slave states, averts sectional crisis
1821 - Elected major general in the Tennessee militia
1821 - Mexican independence
1822 - Stephen F. Austin founds first American colony in Texas
1823 - Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives
1827 - Elected governor of Tennessee
January 22, 1829 - Marries Eliza Allen
April 16, 1829 - Resigns as governor and flees to Indian Territory
1830 - President Jackson authorizes forced removal of Indians from the eastern United States
December 2, 1832 - Arrives in Texas1833
1833 - Houston goes to Texas, leaving his life with the Indians. He becomes involved in Texas politics and in the rebellion against Mexico, and sets up a law practice in Nacogdoches, Texas.
1835 - Houston is named Major General in the Texas Army
1841 - Houston serves a second term as President of Texas.
1859 - Houston is elected Governor of Texas
On July 26, 1863, Sam Houston dies of pneumonia in his home in Huntsville, Texas. He is seventy years of age.