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New Zealand in the British Empire
Transcript of New Zealand in the British Empire
Farmland. When the British took over New Zealand, they were able to expand farming. This was good, as it had superb farmland, ideal for growing wheat and rearing sheep for wool.
Christianity. Great Britain wished to share the Christian faith with other regions. Every country in the British Empire had churches, and having New Zealand as part of it meant more people feeling closer to British culture.
The French. Great Britain and France had strong empires, and were both looking for ways to expand. After Britain took over New Zealand, they were able to block the French, and stop them from getting too near Australia. By Lauren Walker, 8n How Did Britain Conquer New Zealand? New South Wales (now part of Australia) was taken over by the British in 1788, and in the early 1830's they became interested in importing timber from New Zealand as it was softer and easier to work than Australian timber. This would have worked well, as Maori tribes who lived in New Zealand would have been able to adapt their tree crops so they were easy to export to New South Wales. This trade had much potential, but the Missionary Society was unhappy with the trade in Maori heads. As a result, the governor of New South Wales selected a resident to live on the island in 1833. in 1834, this resident gathered the Maori Tribes, and told them to pick out a flag, for New Zealand would become an independent country. This did not stop the British Missionary Society's worries, and so they kept trying to sway people that the British taking over (rather than the French) would be a benefit. In January 1840, Great Britain took over New Zealand by Royal Proclamation, even though some of the rights Britain gave the Maori people at the Treaty of Waitangi were misunderstood due to problems in translation. Thankfully, no war took place while Britain was trying to take over New Zealand, but there were some small skirmishes. Bibliography http://www.britishempire.co.uk/maproom/newzealand.htm
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/flax-and-flax-working/page-2 What Changes did the British make when they Conquered New Zealand? The government tried to keep a lot of things the same in New Zealand; they were desperately concerned for the Maori peoples health and culture. However it was not possible for New Zealand to stay exactly the same. Here are some changes Britain made to New Zealand after they took over:
Because there were 2,000 white settlers living in New Zealand, in 1842 an election for municipal council was introduced in Wellington.
A lottery was held in London for people to gain unsurveyed land - this however led to poor farmland and people with a lot of wealth were disappointed with the land they got.
The relationship between the Maori tribes and the british government changed throughout the time New Zealand was part of the British empire. There was a great war for the Maori tribes independence in 1859, and this caused a lot of suspicion and worry amongst the quarter of a million british settlers. Most of the Maori's land was turned into the European's after war.
In the 1890s, mutton and dairy products were transported by ship for the first time, there were many technological advances that worked to New Zealands advantage when it was part of the british empire. These changes would have made a big difference to the less sophisticated Maori people, as they would not have been used to the larger population and would have found it hard to adapt. Being a British settler in New Zealand has really benefited me. I can vote here, where as in Great Britain the rules are much stricter. If you are male and over 21 then you are good to go! Thanks to the Constitution Act in 1853. Positive Opinions People had of New Zealand becoming part of the British Empire -Wealthy British settler living in New Zealand The fact that we are part of the British Empire does not bother me that much, our tribe rarely encounters the Europeans. We have also benefited because we now use hand axes that the British settlers brought, they have been passed to us from other Maori tribes. Other than these few changes our lives continue as normal. - Maori tribes person living in an inland part of New Zealand Many people would have had mixed emotions and opinions about the British taking over New Zealand. Here are some things people might have said if they were still alive today to tell people about the British Empire and New Zealand. We are very fortunate and I am very pleased, that the British Empire now has New Zealand as a protective barrier; so stopping France getting too close to New South Wales. If we did not have New Zealand on our side, there may have been some outrageous battles happening. - H.M. forces spokesman Since I arrived on the South Island from Scotland, my sheep farming skills have benefited my whole family. We live in a Scottish Presbyterian community and I have been able to make much more profit, some £1200 from selling my fleeces and enough besides to buy a further 4000 lambs . -A Scottish settler Negative Opinions People had of New Zealand becoming part of the British Empire Our tribes have been living here for far longer than these British settlers, and I feel strongly about them mechanizing our country and changing our culture. Planting, harvesting and weaving has been a tradition. We have woven stories and beliefs into our work, but now however they might all disappear because of machines taking over the production of flax, as well as most of the Maori people loosing their jobs. - A Maori woman, working in flax fields In 1840 I travelled with 80 other French colonists to Akaroa to establish a new French Territory. We had the support of our French King, Louis Phillipe and the territory was to take his name. Imagine our anger and dismay when we arrived there only to find that the British had arrived two months earlier and established their sovereignty. We did negotiate with the Maori and the British and were allowed to stay, but I would have felt honoured to live in a French Territory. - A French colonist I feel it is wholly unfair that I am living in the Mother Country and yet am unable to vote in the political elections held here. I am certain that I earn the same annual wage as a man living in New Zealand, and whilst both of us have come of age the ordinary settler is allowed to vote in New Zealand, whereas I cannot just because I am not a member of the ruling classes. - A male over 21 and living in Britain As a Maori my family have lived and worked here for years, but now in 1869 the population has increased from 71,000 to 160,000 and work and resources are stretched to the limit. This population explosion was caused by the gold rush. Working as a gold prospector I was able to find enough gold and make enough money to feed my family comfortably. This has all changed, there are too many people all trying to achieve the same goal, and this is not possible. - A Maori gold prospector