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Dynamite and Nitroglycerin

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Sankruth Kota

on 3 June 2013

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Transcript of Dynamite and Nitroglycerin

A Prezi by Sankruth Kota Dynamite and Nitroglycerin Dynamite-A Quick Overview Dynamite can also be referred to as Trinitrotoluene or more commonly known as TNT. Molecular Structure Dynamite has a chemical formula of C3H5(ONO2)3. The Role of Fire Fire plays an improtant role, in making dynamite, what is now known as today, a great industrial and mitlitary explosive. Chemical Reactions The untimely explosions and blasts all start, from the simple flame.
The flame is what causes all the chemical elements to act together, and bring together the 3 (4) states of matter as well. The flame which is the plasma, is able to interact with oxygen, the flame also interacts iwth the dynamite stick itself, and the liquid nitroglycerin inside, so the chemicals that form nitroglycerin, act together in sort of a method of chain reaction, allowing the flame, to trigger all the atomic particles, and cause them to explode, creating the blast. To sum it all up, dynamite is a type of invention that allows nitrolgycerin to be safely handled. Nitroglycerin detonates on physical impact, but when it is poured inside a dynamite stick, it becomes much safer to handle, and can only explode when appropriately detonated. Dynamite forms a very useful explosive when it comes to mining through rock. The chemical formula, allow the explosive reaction to occur, when the appropriate moluecules break apart into everyday substance. The reaction can be thought of as an "organized fission" , or a "modified fission". Nitroglycerin reacts well to pysicsal impacct making it an unstable and unpredicatble substance, which is why with the invention of dynamite it can be safely handled. Bibliography http://www.reciprocalnet.org/recipnet/showsamplebasic.jsp?sampleId=27344542 This explosive was discovered in 1863, by J. Wilbrand. TNT is mainly used in grenades, for military purposes and also industrial uses such as blasting rock, for construction, The chemical formula of dynamite can be closely related to a crystalline aromatic compound The chemical compound makes this explosive a stable one, where common mishandling will not provide the TNT to detonate. http://www.reciprocalnet.org/recipnet/showsamplebasic.jsp?sampleId=27344542 http://mentalfloss.com/article/19470/tnt-vs-dynamite-whats-difference http://www.howstuffworks.com/question397.htm In order for fire, to create an explosion, there needs to be the nescessary element of oxygen, which allows fire to thrive, so the oxygen, and the nitrogen together form a chemical reaction that creates the explosion. A detenoator is used to ignite dynamite, the detenator sends out a small spark, among a live wire, which soon allows the spark to make contact with the other molecules, createing a chain reaction of explosions. Nitroglycerin- The real explosive Bibliography (cont.) http://www.howstuffworks.com/liquid-explosives.htm http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/hydrogen-bomb.html As a liquid, nitroglycerion, has 2 uses, medicinal, and industrial/military. Nitroglycerin had been discovered in 1847. The concept was created when Nobel, had added certain acids to glycerin, and noticed its explosive properties. The process of chemical reactions, does NOT occur in the dynamite stick, but occurs in the nitroglycerin, which is inside. Chemical Reaction--Nitroglycerin As stated before, dynamite is only the "casing" to the real explosive: nitroglycerin. Dynamite is much safer as well. Nitroglycerin goes through the following in order to explode: After being hit with a physical shock, to this liquid, the molecules in nitroglycerin, start to break down, allowing there to be single carbon dioxide, water and oxygen. As the connection between the atoms break, a sudden blast of energy is released in a short amount of time, creating the explosions you see. Looking at this chemical structure of nitroglycerin,
we can see that it looks it very similar to that of dynamite.
Dynamite is essentially just a casing for the real explosive, nitrolgycerin.which is very unstable molecule, so the chemical structures for both these items are very similar. The only profound difference is the addition of oxygen in the dynamite molecule, along with nitroglycerin. Dynamite and Nitrolgycerin This youtube clip is able to depict and show how well nitroglycerin reacts to physical contact., We are able to observe how the explosion occurs. So enjoy the video. Thanks for Viewing My Prenstation!

Hope you enjoyed it! :) Diagram Interpretation The diagram above shows how the earlier people had developed dynamite sticks in order to aid with their explosive needs, and we can notice that as time moves on, the casing for the dynamite is much thicker, making it safer to handle the nitroglycerin inside. Nitroglycerin Carbon Dioxide Water Oxygen 2 carbon atoms, 1 oxygen atom 2 hydrogen atoms, 1 oxygen atom 2 oxygen atoms Nitroglycerin, an explosive, breaks itself into 3 distinct parts during physical contact which allows the molecules to seperate from each other, and create the explosion. When all 3 of these atoms come back together, and after balancing the equations the can form nitroglycerin. A nitroglycerin explosion, leaves nothing behind it is like everything has disappeared, which is the reason as to why there is carbon dioxide and oxygen, the water mostly turns into water vapor, due to the heat at the heart of the explosion.
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