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Transcript of Jackie Robinson
Raised by single mom
only black family on the block
Faced lots of prejudice- made the family stronger
went to UCLA- sports star
In the Army in 1944 at Fort Hood, TX
ordered to sit at the back of the bus and refused Negro Leagues 1945
Kansas City Monarchs President of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Branch Rickey, wanted to find an African American player
While interviewing Robinson, he shouted racist comments at him to see his reaction
Made him promise to be patient and not respond to the abuse for 3 years
1946- signed him to the Montreal Royals (Minor League team of the Dodgers)
1947- moved up to major leagues (2nd Baseman) Jackie Robinson officially ended the baseball color line in 1946. Stats 1947:
Rookie of the year
Most steals- 29
National League MVP
Leading NL batter- .342
Inducted to Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962
Went to 6 World Series' Since then... By 1959 all MLB teams had at least 1 African American
Negro League disbanded
He pressured the schools, the army, and the government to integrate
1/4 of baseball players today are African American
In 1997 his number, 42, was permanently retired by all MLB teams Blacks and whites had seperate leagues. He was the most exciting player in baseball
Whites sent Up to the Major League... AGRESSIVE risk taking embraced integration insults HATE MAIL death threats In 1949, after fulfilling his promise to keep silent for 3 years... He spoke out against DISCRIMINATION Jim Crow laws in the south slow integration the insults,
and hate mail Pitchers tried to hit him in the head. Teammates began to cooperate
Both blacks and whites admired his courage With Robinson, the Dodgers won the 1955 World Series against the Yankees. "A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives."
-Jackie Robinson "The way I figured it, I was even with baseball and baseball with me. The game had done much for me, and I had done much for it."
-Jackie Robinson "I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me... All I ask is that you respect me as a human being." "Life is not a spectator sport. If you're going to spend your whole life in the grandstand just watching what goes on, in my opinion you're wasting your life."
-Jackie Robinson "There's not an American in this country free until every one of us is free."
-Jackie Robinson The End Works Cited Gilbert, Thomas W.. "The Badge of Martyrdom." Baseball and the color line . New York: F. Watts, 1995. 138-152. Print.
Goldstein, Warren . "Jackie Robinson ." History.com. History Channel, n.d. Web. 13 May 2011.
"Jackie Robinson." Gale Cengage Learning. Cengage Learning, n.d. Web. 14 May 2011.
"Jackie Robinson Quotes." Baseball Almanac - The Official Baseball History Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2011.
"Jackie Robinson Retrospective." Sports Illustrated Photos. Sports Illustrated, n.d. Web. 14 May 2011.
Lee, Harper . To Kill a Mockingbird. New York: Harper Perennial Modern Classics, 2002. Print.