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Poverty and elderly

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Harrie Won

on 15 May 2015

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Transcript of Poverty and elderly

Jong Pil Yoon
Jeong Eun Kim
Harrie Won
- Poverty of elderly in South Korea
- How is the poverty of elderly perceived by the Korean population?
- What are the causes of poverty amongst the elderly?
- What is currently being done to combat poverty in elderly?
- What can be done to lessen or eradicate poverty amongst the elderly?
Qualitative research
Literature review
News articles
-Descriptive in nature
Statistical reports
- Chosun Ilbo, 2012
- Dong-A Ilbo, 2011
- The Korea Herald, 2012
- ABC News, 2010
-Statistics Korea (kostat)
- OECD reports
- 10 questions through various media
handouts, email, online surveys, SNS

- Survey was divided into age groups :
10-19 (teenagers)
20-29 (twenties)
30-39 (thirties)
40-49 (forties)
Online research
- Most financial support for elderly derived from families and relatives - Confucian culture.

- Korean Confucian culture waning - parents with less financial support from children.

- Late development of old-age pensions by Korean government (1980s).

- Government in action:
1. Inefficient pension systems provided by the government nowadays.
2. Employment promotion of elderly.
1. Older people are more aware of the severity

2. Difference in opinions about cause of elderly poverty

3. Similarity & difference in opinions about solutions

4. Difference in opinions about jobs for the elderly
- Korean government's lack of preparations for a proper pension system.

- Cultural changes within majority of Korean families.

- Parents invested large portion of income for future prosperity of children.

- Children more reluctant to pay their parents back.

- Insufficient funds from government used for welfare of elderly.

- Most significant cause is mandatory retirement (at the age of 55).
RESULTS - Perceptions of Korean citizens
strengths of the research paper
1. Compares wide spectrum of solutions and causes

2. Postulates reasons to support data discrepancy- ex. tax

3. Displays many data from different sources-> reveals uncomfortable truths

4. Accounts mostly qualitative aspects-> logical conclusions from data discrepancy

5. Investigates many existing institutions and policies - ex. AEPA and Japanese policies

LIMITATIONS of the research paper
1. Subjective analysis of survey results

2. Superficial and vague theories behind root causes

3. No methodological triangulation - reduces confidence in the findings. Relying on single research method-> open to bias + questionable

4. Wide approach sacrifices detail-> produces ineffective solutions ex. education and daycare investment

5. Convenience sampling
Question 4: What are the estimates of annual Korean household income?
- Results of other surveys
strengths of qualitative research
LIMITATIONS of qualitative research
- Rich/ descriptive data

- Useful for investigating complex and sensitive issues

- Explains a phenomena rather than providing a mere observation of phenomena

- Identifies and evaluates factors that contribute to solving a problem

- Interpretation of data may be subjective

- Involves small samples that are NOT selected to be statistically representative.

- Thus, it is difficult to generalize the findings.

- Representational generalization is not possible

1. Topic and questions
2. Literature review
3. Summary/ background
4. Summary/ causes
5. Method
6. Results
7. Conclusion
8. Strengths and weaknesses
Thank you for your attention!
Question 1: What is the biggest cause of the exacerbation of elderly poverty?

RESULTS - Perceptions of Korean citizens
RESULTS - Perceptions of Korean citizens
RESULTS - Perceptions of Korean citizens
Question 2: What are the possible solutions for elderly poverty?
Question 3: Which solutions are infeasible?
1. Reduce costs on education

2. Increase job opportunities for elderly

3. Introduce effective benefit systems

4. Old age pension
group discussion time!
What are the strengths and limitations of this research paper?
Full transcript