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Martin Luther King Jr.

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Nicole P

on 2 December 2014

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Transcript of Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr.
Early years
* January 15th 1929 Atlanta, Georgia
1935 Public School
May 1936 baptized
May 1941 Grandmother died
Traumatic event
Attempted suicide
1942 Booker T. Washington High School
Skipped 9th and 11th grade
1944 Morehouse College Atlanta
Uncomfortable with display of religious worship
Decided against ministry
1946 took a bible class
Faith renewed
Wanted to become a pastor
1948 Earned a Sociology degree
1948 Crozer Theological Seminary
Rebelled against father
Affair with a white woman
1952 met Coretta Scott
June 1953 Marriage
Four children
Martin Luther King III
Dexter Scott
Montgomery Bus Boycott
March 2nd 1955 Claudette Colvin, 15 year old, pregnant
Remained seated
NAACP thought a test case against segregation
Could not use feared to scandalize deeply religious black community
December 1st 1955 Second Chance Rosa Parks
NAACP planned city wide bus boycott
King elected to lead the boycott
Lasted 382 days
Lifted segregation in public transportation
Based on Supreme Court "separate is never equal" (Brown v. Board of Education)
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Need for a national organization
January 1957 Foundation of Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Promote civil right reforms through non-violent protests
Lecture on race-related issues
February 1958 Registered black voters
" I have a dream"
August 28th 1963 March of Washington
Wanted peaceful change
200.000 people attended
At Lincoln Memorial
Famous " I have a dream" speech
1968 discouraged + tired of work
April 3rd 1968 last speech "I've been to the mountain top"
April 4th 1968 shoot by James Earl Ray
riots and demonstrations through whole counrty
1893 Grandfather pastor at Ebenzer Baptist Church
1931 Michael King Sr. pastor at Ebenzer Baptist Church
Named himself Martin Luther King Sr.
Fought against racism
Discourage any sense of class superiority in his kids

1950 Rheinhold Niebbuhr became mentor
Most important influence
1951 Boston University
1954 Pastor Dexter Avenue Baptist Church of Montgomery, AL
1955 Degree doctorate
Ferguson Case
Role model
Inspired by Gandhi
1959 Visited Gandhi's birthplace India
Affected Commitment increase
Sit- in
February 1960 Begin "sit-in" movement Greensboro, NC
April 1960 Conference University Raleigh NC
King encourage non-violent methods
Formation of Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee
August 1960 End of segregation at lunch counters
1960 Gained national notoriety
Returned to Atlanta
Co-pastor with father
October 19th, 1960 lunch-counter service denied refused to leave
King and 36 others arrested
Case dropped
Arrested 20 times
Spring 1963 Demonstration Birmingham, Al
Police got violent against demonstrators
Many people jailed
Criticism for endanger children
"Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community, which has constantly refused to negotiate, is forced to confront the issue."
King's theory of non-violence
Civil rights movement strong effect on people
Questioned Jim Crow laws & 2nd class treatment
Civil Rights Act 1964
1964 Nobel Peace Prize
Youngest to receive at this time
Slow progress
March 7th 1965 Civil rights march turned violent
horrifying pictures showed on TV
Known as "Bloody Sunday"
2nd march was canceled
by restraining order
March 9th 1965 3rd march
Used different tactic
2500 marchers black & white
King lost support
Passed Voting Rights Act of 1965
Expanded Civil Rights Movement
Increased criticism from young black leaders
because to weak and slow
King linked discrimination with poverty
Also criticized Vietnam War
"the war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the poor at home...We were taking the black young men who had been crippled by our society and sending them eight thousand miles away to guarantee liberties in Southeast Asia which they had not found in southwest Georgia and East Harlem." Beyond Vietnam Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King III interview CNN
empathy for family
disappointed that it erupted into a scenario of violence
More nonviolent ways
advocating nonviolence
not encouraging violence
https:/ /www.youtube.com/watch?v=V57lotnKGF8
Full transcript