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Second Language Acquisition

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by

Caro Yubini

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of Second Language Acquisition

Stephen Krashen
By
Isabella Poggi Sanz
Cindy Toro Fuenzalida
Carolina Yubini Lagos

1.The Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis
2.The Natural Order Hypothesis
3.The Monitor Hypothesis
4.The Affective Filter Hypothesis
5.The Input Hypothesis
The Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis
The Natural Order Hypothesis
The Monitor Hypothesis
The Affective Filter Hypothesis
The Input Hypothesis
It explains the relationship between acquisition and learning
MONITOR = EDITOR
1.Time
2. Focus on Form
3. Know the Rule
3 Conditions for the use
of conscious rules:
Types of Monitor-users
1. Monitor Over-user
2.Monitor Under-user
3. Optimal Monitor user
Extroverts
VS
Introverts
How affective factors can affect SLA process
1. Motivation
2.Self-Confidence
3. Anxiety
Low Affective Filter
VS
High Affective Filter
Difference between Acquisition & Learning
ACQUISITION
UNCONSCIOUS AND INFORMAL PROCESS
PICKING UP A LANGUAGE THROUGH REAL, MEANINGFUL ACTIVITIES AND INTERACTION WITH OTHERS.
LEARNING
CONSCIOUS LEARNING BY FORMAL PROCESS
KNOWING ABOUT A LANGUAGE
Describes two different phenomena that are interrelated
THE PREPRODUCTION STAGE OR SILENT PERIOD
THE EARLY PRODUCTION STAGE
THE SPEECH EMERGENCY STAGE
THE INTERMEDIATE FLUENCY STAGE
FIVE HYPOTHESIS OF SLA
This hypothesis has 4 main parts...
The hypothesis is related to acquisition NOT learning
We acquire by understanding language that contains structures a little beyond our current level
The input should contain enough information of the current level plus the understandable new information
i + 1
Fluency emerges
over time
So, returning to #3
i
= current competence
i---->
+ 1
Beyond current competence
=
i---->
1---------->
i + 1
is the current knowledge plus the extralinguistic information which is challenging to the acquirer
Simple Codes
Foreigner-talk
Teacher-talk
Interlanguage talk
Roughly-tuned Input
Let's hear his explanation!
it's activity time!
Full transcript