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The Black Panther Party
Transcript of The Black Panther Party
History of Panthers 1966 - 1989
HUEY P. NEWTON
Black Panther Historical Timeline
October 15 - 1966
December - 1966
Founded 1966 - Dissolved 1982
Founder: Huey P. Newton
Movement Focus Questions
Co founder of the Black Panther Party
1. What was the movement?
- The Black Panther Party was a progressive political organization formed by Huey
Newton and Bobby Seale. One of the most powerful movements for social change since
the revolution of 1766 and the civil war. BPP was fighting for land, bread, housing,
education, clothing, justice, and peace.
2. Why did the movement occur?
- Many organizations wanted to fix high employment rates, bad housing, police brutality,
poor health care, and inferior educational opportunities within the black community.
Various groups such as the SCLC, NAACP, The Black Muslims and others, were in an
agreement on the symptoms but not on how to solve the problems. That’s when Huey
Newton and Bobby Seale formed the Black Panther Party for self defense, also know as
3. Who was affected by the movement?
- The Black Panther Party formed many survival programs to help the black community,
such as Free Ambulance, Free Breakfast for Children, Free Clothing,,Free Dental, Free
Employment, and Free Food, to name a few. Not only were the people affected but the
government was affected too. The government did not want this movement to be
successful so they came up with ways to try to destroy them but the government was
4.How did the movement start, end?
- Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party in Oakland, California,
in late 1966. The following year, a group of heavily armed Panthers marched onto the
floor of the California legislature protesting a bill to ban firearms in public places.
Panthers were soon involved in deadly gun battles with police in Oakland and later in
other cities. BPP ended sometime around 1980. Members moved on and BPP slowly
THE BLACK PANTHER
6. What themes are represented in the movement? Explain.
Themes that are represented in the black panther party is civil rights, change in America, and serving the needs of the oppressed. Civil rights is a theme because the panthers wanted the government to help the poor and liberation for blacks. Change in America is a theme because the party set up several other organizations to provide services the government wouldn't such as a free food program,free medical care, and encouraging pride in poor communities. The needs of the oppressed is also connected with change in America because they were encouraged to have pride in where they are from.
7. How the lens of social class, race, and gender were/are represented? Explain.
The ethnicity and social class represented are mainly black and of all social classes. The black panthers were male and female and some of men doubted the power and effect some of the women could have in the party.
8. What angle of vision (point of view) is the story of the movement being told? Whose eyes are we seeing the movement through? Explain.
The point of view is from a group of African American individuals who fought and protested the government to free the blacks from police discrimination and brutality.
9. Did the movement represent a feminine (sensitivity/sympathy) or masculine (violence)angle of vision? Explain.
The Black Panther Party was a masculine angle of vision because the protestors carried guns as a symbol of resistance.
10. What connections in the movement are similar to Kindred? Explain.
A connection between the Black Panther Party and Kindred is that both are from a black persons perspective. Also the party is similar to Kindred because the main groups didn't listen to the higher authorities and did their own thing to change it.
B. Literature connection: what themes, motifs, symbols, characters in the short story connect to novel kindred? Explain.
This story connects with Kindred because of the characters in the book discuss the topic of reading a lot. Mrs. Flowers would be Dana and Marguerite would be Rufus or Nigel because she reads Mrs. Flowers reads to Marguerite and tells her to recite it.
Huey Newton was born in Monroe, Louisiana on February 17, 1942. Newton helped
establish the controversial African American political organization The Black Panther Party and
became the leading figure in the Black Power movement of the 1960’s. In the mid1960s Newton
decided to continue his education at Merritt College where he met Bobby Seale. Newton
gathered a few of his longtime friends, including Bobby Seale and David Hilliard and developed
an outline for this organization that they named the Black Panther Party for Self Defense. Huey
and his friends were briefly involved with political groups at the school before they set out to
create one of their own. The group believed that violence or the threat of violence might be
needed to bring about social change.
They set forth their political goals in a document called the Ten-Point Program, which
included better housing, jobs, and education for African Americans. this platform and program
was a manifesto that demanded the express needs be met and oppression of Blacks be ended
immediately; they issued a demand for the right to self defense by revolutionary ideology and by
the commitment of the membership of the Black Panther Party to promote its agenda for
fundamental change in America.
Bobby Seale was the co-founder of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense along with
Huey P. Newton. After serving for three years in the US Air Force he was court martialed and
received a terrible conduct discharge. Next, he soon entered Merritt College in Oakland,
California where he met Newton. It was in October 1966 when Seale and Newton created the
BPP and wrote the Ten-Point Program. After time when by, Bobby Seale was arrested plenty of
times and most of them was given to him by his involvement at the Democratic National
Conventions of 1968.
In 1969 Seale was indicted in Chicago for conspiracy to incite riots. The court didn’t
allow him to have his choice of lawyer. When Seale rose to speak out for his constitutional rights
specifically to choose his own counsel, the judge ordered him bound and gagged. He was
convicted of 16 counts of contempt and sentenced to four years in prison, but which was later
reversed. In 1970-71 he and a co defendant were tried for the 1969 murder of a Black Panther
suspected of being a police informer. The six-month-long trial ended with a hung jury. Seale til
this day still speak of his involvement with the Black Panthers.
Huey P. Newton, Bobby Seale and David Hilliard officially establish the Black Panther Party.
The Black Panther Party for Self Defense was created in Oakland, California.
Huey P. and Bobby Seale established the goals of the party by drafting the Ten-Point Program.
Bobby Hutton, at 16 years old, becomes the first to be recruited by the newly formed Black Panther Party.
January - May - 1967
January - September - 1968
January 1969 - 1972
August 1974 -
The first Black Panther Party office opens in Oakland California.
Elridge Cleaver joins the Black Panther Party, a writer.
The Black Panther Party publishes their first newspaper, "Black Community News Service."
26 Black Panther Party members invade the state legislature's hearing on gun control laws.
Black Community News Service
A rally was held during the "Stop the Draft Protest Week" in honor or the "Oakland Seven".
Elridge Cleaver publishes a best seller, "Soul on Ice".
Bobby Hutton, The Black Panther Party's first recruit, is killed in a shootout between the Panthers and Oakland police.
Newton is found guilty in the death of an Oakland police, but the conviction is overturned.
Black Panther leaders John Huggins and Bunchy Carter are killed in a UCLA shootout between Panthers and police.
Free breakfast programs and other community projects are started by the Panthers.
Newton disbands the Black Panther Party in 1972.
Newton is charged with murder and assault and is forced to flee to Cuba. Elaine Brown takes over the group in Newton's absence.
A government committee exposes an FBI scheme to agitate warfare between black groups in the late 1960s.
Huey Newton was shot to death on August 22nd 1989.
This concludes our presentation