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Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study of Rizal's Life, Works
Transcript of Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study of Rizal's Life, Works
It has always been a heated argument on who deserves to be called Philippine’s national hero, Dr. Jose Rizal or Andres Bonifacio?
Recommended by the US Governor Taft
In many countries in the world, the leader is
almost chosen. We can mention Vladimir Lenin
of Russia, Mao Tse-Tung(Mao Zedong) of China, Ho Chi Minh of Vietnam and George Washington of the United States. In the Philippines our national hero, Jose Rizal was not a man of war but a man of peace. Why not Bonifacio, considering that he led the revolution of 1896 against Spain? Who chose Rizal to be our country's national hero?
Factors that contributed to Rizal's acceptability as the official hero of the Philippines according to Renato Constantino
Rizal was already dead at the time the Americans began their aggression in the Philippines
No embarrassing anti-American quotations could ever be attributed to Rizal.
Rizal's dramatic martyrdom had already made him the symbol of Spanish oppression.
In making Rizal as our
Filipino national hero, a number of conclusions can be drawn (Guerrero, 1998)
Since the Filipinos love peace, they have chosen to magnify a man of peace above men of war
Because Filipinos are lovers of freedom and justice, they have given their worship to a man who gave up all comforts and pleasures of peace for their sake; and
Filipino prize virtue more than victory, and sacrifice above success.
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study of Rizal's Life, Works and Writings
Rizal, A True Filipino Hero
The Americans through the American Governor William Howard Taft recommended to the Philippine Commission, which was sponsored by the US, to declare Jose Rizal as a national hero for the Filipinos. The Americans recommended Rizal because of the fact that he was executed by the Spaniards and of his peaceful way to achieve liberty. Unlike Andres Bonifacio whose desire to achieve independence for his native land required armed approach.
Daet, Camarines Norte
Luneta Park(Rizal Park) in Manila
detached, crescent-shaped fort.
1970 one peso coin
“I die without seeing the dawn brighten over my native land. You who have it to see, welcome it and forget not those who have fallen during the night!” – José Rizal