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Book of Praise
Transcript of Book of Praise
New Testament Church was build on the
connection with the Jews (apostles)
Ruins of Synagogues (AD) in different cultures
indicated same style of music
Persecution in the first centuries
did not allow music to be developed
Archbishop St. Ambrose (Ambrosius) wrote hymns (Scripture based, speaking to God, as in prayer)
Pope Gregory (Gregorius) organized, advanced, and
spread church music (unison singing!)
"Gregorian music" developed over time ...
harmony (multiple voices)
sung by monks / choirs only
After 500+ years:
no music in many churches,
hardly any worship services,
little knowledge of Scripture, and
little knowledge of God.
New Testament Church
Dark Middle Ages
Based on existing church music
Psalm 15 based on "Ad Regias Agni Dapes"
Psalm 19 based on "Tibi Gloria Hosanna"
Psalm 24/62/111 based on " Ibant parentes Jesu"
Psalm 31/71 based on "Crudelis Herodes"
Psalm 33 based on "Kylie Fons Bonitatis"
Psalm 51 based on "Kylie Deus sepiterne"
Psalm 80 based on "Victimae Pascali Laudes"
Psalm 104 based on "Te Lucis ante terminum"
Psalm 139 based on "Gloria" (12th century)
Psalm 141 based on "Conditor alme siderum"
The development of music was used in the tunes
Example: Renaissance Music
Luther's "A Mighty Fortress"
"Suitable for congregational singing"
Calvin's Approach to Music...
(Luther was a DIY man...)
Realized his own limitations
Hired poets (Marot and Beza)
Hired musicians (Bourgeois and Maistre Pierre)
"Suitable for congregational singing"
Early Centuries' music is based on musical systems from Egyptian, Greek, and Byzantine cultures.
Ambrose defined 4 scales: D, E, F, G
What we call "Modes" are parts of our current scale (example)
The Reformation added the scales C and A
(which became later what we know as "major" and "minor" scale)
About "accidentals" or "sharps"....
Genevan Tunes Music
Not exceeding 8 notes (=one octave)
Only two note values used (short and long)
One syllable per note
Each line ends with a rest
No bar lines
Each line starts with half note
Stanzas end with double whole note
Are there any difficult tunes?
Parts of the tunes are REUSED throughout
Genevan Tunes 451 years
God's Word is set to music using these tunes
Integral selection of all 150 Psalms
There is unmistakeably a musical quality
Christian music was the vast majority of all vocal music until 1800
The change resulted in choices to be made
Music was also used by Satan to influence
In addition to black and white, a grey area
Luther and Calvin agreed...
Music is very, very, very important for Christians
(next to the Word of God).
The influence of music on people is incredible.
"Sing hymns and the Devil will flee"
"Singing is praying twice"
Both Reformers put a lot of effort in the music of the church:
Music allowed them to influence the people
Music allowed them to change, to reform the church
Music allowed them to educate the people
Music allowed them to transform the church
A Changing World...
Music and the Church
What the church sings is what the church believes
Church doctrine and church songs are related
Change in songs and change in doctrine are related
"Let me hear a countries songs,
and I will tell you their culture and identity"
"Let me hear a church's songs,
and I will tell you their doctrine and faith"
...check the history of the church...
Psalms, as well as Hymns
Reflective of the church history
"With the church of all ages and all places"
Musical background different than the Psalms
different cultural origin
different artistic styles
1000 Medieval (1%)
1500 Renaissance (30%)
1600 Baroque (20%)
1700 Classical (17%)
1800 Romantic (25%)
1900 20th Century (7%)
About the Book of Praise
"The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence..."
Getting used to = normal = ordinary = not seeing the characteristics
Search for purpose and identity = rediscovery
"Wish we were still singing Psalms..."
"Wow, you have a hymnal! We have screens..."
"High quality" church music...
"Everyone can sing in your church..."
"You have a full church, singing Psalms...?"
"How did you get the children to sing...?"
"Here everyone sings together..."
Book of Praise
Focus on the Psalms
Frank Ezinga, June 23, 2013
Music of the
Have you ever wondered about the Genevan Psalms that we sing in church? Are they really from Geneva? Why are they still around after 450 years? People talk about modes – what does that mean, and how does that sound? We are so used to our Book of Praise – what do outside people think about it? It is true that some Roman Catholic songs are very close to the Genevan tunes? Does the term “Genevan Jigs” mean something for our way of singing? Are some Psalm tunes actually difficult? Are some hymns musically related? Should we sing all hymns in the same way? Why is church music dividing - is that new or was that always? What is the future of singing in the church?
Agenda for tonight....
(J.S. Bach used several tunes in his Church Cantatas,
and other works such as the St. Matthew's Passion)
Why is it important to know this?
What is in the Book of Praise?
Book of Praise - Summary
Founded on church history
Based on principles
Based on musical choices
Unique, respected, valued
Is an important factor in our singing
As a whole, part of our identity
Sung by churches in e.g.
(incomplete bundles in Russia, China).