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Tropical Rainforest

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Tropical Rainforest

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Tropical Rainforest

Tropical Rainforests By
Maya Lapin
and
Callie Grunwald Tropical Rainforest are in dark green near Equator
half are found in Latin America other rainforest Southeast Asia the Pacific Islands, and West Africa. The Amazon forest is
the largest rainforest in
the world. It is located mostly
in Brazil, but also can be found in Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, Bolivia, Suriname, and French Guiana. In Madagascar, there is another rainforest, The Madagascar Rainforest. It used to be very large but now, it has become much smaller. Climate In the rainforests there is a moist climate
Humid because of rainfall
About 8 inches of rainfall each year 11.5inches per week
A humid climate is mostly found by the rainforests
of the equator
Average temperature 77 degrees
The temperature is never lower 64 degrees The first level of the rainforest is the Emergent
Tops of the tallest trees
Much higher than average canopy height
The height ranges up to 270 feet
Home of many birds, insects, and more The second layer of the rainforest is the Canopy
Upper part of the trees
The height ranges from 65-130 feet
Contains many species of insects, spiders, birds, mammals, reptiles, and plants The third layer of the rainforest is the Understory
Dark, cool environment above ground and under leaves
Not much light gets through so there aren't many plants that grow
There are many short leafy bushes and small trees
Insects, spiders, snakes, lizards, and some small animals live on the tree bark
Some birds build nests to live in in the tree
Some large animals sit on the branches to look for prey The fourth and final layer of the rainforest is the Forest Floor
Where most of the animal life takes place
Large animals live on the Forest floor
Completely shaded
Soil is very thin and is home to many earthworms and fungi All of the layers of the rainforest together Plants Native to the Rainforest Animals Native to the Rainforest Animals Native to the Rainforest Theobroma Plants Native to the Rainforest Plants Native to the Rainforest Cocoa Tree Found in the Understory of the rainforest
15-20 feet tall
Cocoa trees produce approximately 70 beans a year
the ripe pods hold 20-70 seeds
When ripening cocoa pods change from green to yellow then orange
Color change helps to draw animals that consume fruit to the pods on the tree
The animals consume the beans in the pod and excrete the seeds to other locations where the seed will grow into more cocoa trees
seeds are then used to make
Pods don't fall off the tree or open when they are ripe Plants Native to the Rainforest Bamboo 40-80 feet tall and a diameter of 3 inches
Leaves are long and skinny and green
Bamboo is grass
Life span is 25-40 years
Full grown after 2-3 months
Behavioral adaptation is growing fast, so it needs a lot of rain and sunlight
Physical adaptation leaves are long and tough grow vertically to absorb more sun light Bambusa Coconut Tree Cocos Coconut trees grow to be 50-80 feet tall
Have tall trunks
Feathery leaves grow to e about 15-17 feet tall
Trunks show a color of light gray
Leaves are a yellow-green color
Many different kinds of coconut trees
One tree can give off 50 nuts
Grows in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and The Pacific area
The sap can produce sugar, vinegar, and much more
Hard outside and a hallow inside to protect the milk from predators Animals Native to the Rainforest <http://www.images.google.com <http://www.images.google.com Wragler's Pit Viper Tropidolaemus lives in trees of understory
can grow up to 4 feet
is nocternal
has pits behind nostrils to identify heat and warm blooded animals
this adaptation helps to hunt at night
Males are green with a black border and yellow horizontal stripes
Females go through 4 stages:
Malaysian phase: black skin with yellow stripes, yellow stomach
Sulawesi phase: green skin with blue stripes and white stripes on back and white and blue stomach
Kalimantan phase: snake has yellow skin with blue stripes across the back, with a green and white stomach
Philippine phase: same color but snakes change to a smaller size
Young snakes are all green with spots of white and red Blue Plant Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 May 2013.
<http://www.blueplantbiomes.com>. climate information

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View live Web page Blue Plant Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2013.
<http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/>. bamboo info and coconut info

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View live Web page Caltech. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 May 2013. <http://www.caltech.edu>. madagascar
information

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View live Web page Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 May 2013. <http://www.images.google.com>.
map of amazon

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View live Web page Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2013. <http://www.images.google.com>.
pics of bamboo, cocoa tree, and coconut tree

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View live Web page Maps101. N.p., 2013. Web. 3 May 2013. <http://www.maps101.com>. world map

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View live Web page Science Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 May 2013. <http://www.sciencekids.co.nz>.
amazon rainforest information

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madagascar

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National Geographic
http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/photos/rainforests-tropical/


Created: 05/04/13 09:41 AM Animals Native to the Rainforest Toco Toucan Pamphastos largest toucan
likes living in open space of rainforest
long bill, approximately 8 inches long
strong feet to support weight of body and large bill and grip branches
mate during different seasons depending on location
breeds once every year
produces 2-4 shiny white eggs
newborns stay in nest for up to 7 weeks
live in flocks
holes inside of trees serve as their nests
is a predator
has a long, feather-like tongue to help move food along their bills
toucan sings song to attract mates Howler Monkey Alouatta can be found all over the rainforest in the trees of the understory
large with gathered hair around the chin, giving the impression of a beard
possible colors of fur include red, brown, and black
they have prehensile tails (able to grip things such as branches
known for their deep, growling howl, which is where they get their name
males are dominant over females
travel in groups of 3 males 7-8 females and a differing amount of younger monkeys http://passporttoknowledge.com/rainforest/main.html http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rnfrst_animal_page.htm http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rnfrst_animal_page.htm <http://www.images.google.com>. <http://www.images.google.com>. <http://www.images.google.com>. <http://www.images.google.com>. <http://www.maps101.com> <http://www.wikipedia.com>. May 16, 2013 VI X cacao tulda nucifera wagleri toco alouattinae www.google.images.com Toco Toucan mating song Trees in Rainforests have been cut down and used for wood and fuel charcoal and building materials
Trees have been cut down for use of land and commercial agriculture
mining for gold bauxite and different minerals destroys minerals and makes it a target for erosion
scientists infer rainforests the size of Pennsylvania are destroyed each year
you can help the rainforest by learning more about plants and animals and the problems involving rainforests
write letters to the government or newspapers Environmental Threats to the Rainforest www.kids.nceas.ucsb.edu Bibliography -Maya and Callie Thank You
for watching our
presentation! Costaricaforest.com 4 levels of the rainforest sounds of howler monkey
Full transcript