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Transcript of Eclectic Approach
* Researchers in the field
of special education recommend
a curriculum tailored to the individual child’s needs
* Maximizes child’s passions for learning
* Accommodates child’s learning style
* Facilitates acceleration for the child’s gifts
* Accomodates disabilities
A main proponent
of the Eclectic Approach
is Rivers (1981, Teaching Foreign Language Skills). According to Rivers, an eclectic approach allows language teachers "to absorb the best techniques of all the well-known language-teaching methods into their classroom procedures, using them for the purposes for which they are most appropriate" (p. 55).
This is necessary and important because teachers "faced with the daily task of helping students to learn a new langauge cannot afford the luxury of complete dedication to each new method or approach that comes into vogue." (1981, p. 54).
What Is The
The Eclectic Approach (or Eclecticism)
The Eclectic Approach was proposed as a reaction to
the profusion of teaching methods in the 1970s and 1980s
and the dogmatism often found in the application of these methods. The idea of choosing from different methods to
suite for one's teaching purposes and situations is not a new one. For example, Memorandum on the Teaching of Modern Languages published in 1929 on the basis of a British study by Incorporated Association of Assistant Masters in Secondary Schools recommended the ecletic "Compromise Method" as a solution to the language teaching method debate (Stern, 1983, p. 101).
The main criticism of the eclecticism is that "it does not offer any guidance on what basis and by what principles aspects of different methods can be selected and combined." Stern (1983, p. 512),
is composed of material gathered from
various systems, doctrines, or sources.
Eclectic method simply utilizes the best of all educational models, tailoring that mixture to the individual child in order to best meet his needs. Borrowing from textbooks, library books, workbooks, manipulatives, online courses, games, projects,
eclectic method is a hodge-podge of
of an eclectic method
Safety:The use of a variety of ideas and procedures
different existing approaches and methods will increase
the chances of learning taking place
Interest: Teachers need to use different techniques to hold the learners' attention.
Diversity:Different learning/teaching contexts require different methodologies.
Flexibility:Awareness of a range of available techniques
will help teachers exploit materials better and manage
unexpected situations.Inevitability Informed
teaching is bound to be eclectic.
The eclectic approach is the label given to a teacher's use of techniques and activities from a range of language teaching approaches and methodologies. The teacher decides what methodology or approach to use depending on the aims of the lesson and the learners in the group. Almost all modern course books have a mixture of approaches and methodologies.