Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Physical Education History Timeline

No description
by

Megan Woloszyn

on 31 March 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Physical Education History Timeline

History & Development
of Physical Education

Chapter 7
Ancient Egypt
3,200 BCE- 30 BCE
Greeks,

Spartans,

Athenians,

Romans,

Medieval Europe,
Enlightenment,
Naturalism,

Nationalism,

Great Britain,

EARLY CULTURES
Before 776 B.C.
776 to 371 B.C.
776 to 480 B.C.
80 to 338 B.C.
776 B.C. to 400 A.D.
27 B.C. to 476 A.D.
500 to 1500 A.D.
1450 to 1650 A.D.
1700S
1770 to 1830
1800s
1800s
1800 to 1900
1824 to 1879
1880s
Late 1800s
Early Heritage in Sports & Gymnastics
1600 to 1800s
1885 to 1900
1920s
500 B.C. to 27 B.C.
THE ROMAN REPUBLIC
THE PLAYGROUND MOVEMENT
Immigration
Influx of Americans into urban areas
Provide safe play areas
1896-1st sandbox
1894-Settlement Houses
COLLEGIATE SPORTS FOR MEN
Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
EGYPTIANS, PERSIANS, CHINESE DYNASTIES
Warriors & Recreation
Hunting
Charioteering
Warfare
Wrestling
Swimming
Dancing
Yoga
Archery
Football
HOMERIC GREEKS
"Greek Ideal"
"Arete"
THE SPARTANS
Agoge
Pancratium
Boys - taught to be soldiers
Girls - bear healthy children, gymnastics, wrestling,

swimming, dancing, horseback riding
EARLY ATHENIANS
Palaestra
Wrestling school for boys
Paidotribes
First Physical Education teachers
LATE ATHENIANS
Schools& Gymnasiums became more like resorts than places for exercise...
Athenians fell to Macedonians
PAN-HELLENIC FESTIVALS
All Greeks competed
Olympic Games
Page 207-208, Table 7-1, 7-2
Pythian
Haraean Games
Women competed
Stade Races
Isthmian
Nemean
Pentathlon
Halteres
Citizen-Soldiers
Military camps
THE ROMAN EMPIRE
Chariot races
Gladiator Contests
MEDIEVAL EUROPE
Asceticism
Grand Tourney or Melee
RENAISSANCE & REFORMATION
Humanism
Education for upper class boys only
Knights
Pages
Squires
JOUSTING
THE ENLIGHTENMENT
John Locke
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Naturalism
NATURALISM
Philanthropinum - Johann Basedow
Dancing
Fencing
Riding
Vaulting
Jumping
Running
Throwing
Wrestling
Balance Beams
High jumping poles
Jumping ditches
Tree swings
Archery
Skating
Swimming
Marching
Gardening
Wood working
Fencing
Climbing



4 hr daily program:
Natural activities
Greek gymnastics
Military exercises
Knightly activities
Manual labor
NATIONALISM
Figure 7.1 - Page 221
Friedrich Jahn
German Gymnastics
Danish Gymnastics
Swedish Gymnastics
Turnplatz
Turners
Day's Order
Age, ability, and gender appropriate
Hjalmar Ling
Figure 7.2, Page 223
SPORTS IN GREAT BRITAIN
Pierre de Coubertin
British Amateur Sport Ideal
Boarding or Public Schools
Early American Physical Education & Sport
Chapter 8
Table 8-1, Page 237
Native Americans,

Colonial Americans,

Catharine Beecher,

Dioclesion Lewis,

Edward Hitchcock,

Dudley Sargent,

Delphine Hanna,

William Anderson,

YMCA,
Men's Amateur Sports,

Women & Sports
NATIVE AMERICANS
Lacrosse or Baggat-away
Footraces
Shinny
Double Ball
THE COLONIES
Pulling the Goose
Skittles
Boating, Fishing, hunting,
Horse racing, sleighing,
10 pin bowling started,
Public Education
Writing, Reading, Arithmetic
1853 - First school in Boston to require daily exercise for childern
GERMAN GYMNASTICS IN THE U.S.
Turnfests
Normal School of the North American Gymnastic Union
EARLY AMERICANS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Catharine Beecher
Calisthenics for girls
Diocleisian Lewis
started the Normal school
Specialized Institution for preparing students to become teachers
Amherst College - 1st to require PE
Anthropometric Measurements
Height, weight, chest girth, lung capacity - evaluate the effects of his program and compare progress
Harvard College - 1879
BATTLE OF THE SYSTEMS
German, Swedish, Hitchcock, Sargent
1866 - California passes law
(twice daily PE for minimum of 5 min)
1892 - Ohio 1st lasting PE law
1894 - Louisiana
1897 - Wisconsin
1899 - North Dakota
1901 - Pennsylvania
ESTABLISHMENT OF NORMAL SCHOOLS
Dudley Sargent School for Physical Education
Delphine Hannah
Young Men's Christian Association Training School
1885
Develop the all-around man and send him as a physical director to the increasing number of YMCAs, both nationally and internationally
Founding of the National Association
William Anderson
Meeting at Adelphi Academy 1885
Formation of the Association for the Advancement of Physical Education (today's AAHPERD)
DEVELOPMENT OF AMATEUR SPORTS
Amateur Athletic Union
1879
James Naismith developed basketball
Table 8-5, Page 250
Later became the BIG 10
COLLEGIATE SPORTS FOR WOMEN
Clothing hindered women
Catherine Beecher's calisthenics became acceptable
Committee on Women's Basketball
1896 - 1st Intercollegiate game - U of California vs. Stanford
1890s - Women's Track & Field became popular
Modern Physical Education
Chapter 9
Physical Fitness
Adapted Physical Education
Men's Intercollegiate Athletics
Intramurals
Women's Sports
Title IX
THE NEW PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Developing the whole individual through participation in play, sports, games, and natural outdoor activities
New Leaders
Luther Gulick
Thomas Wood
Education through the Physical
Figure 9.2, Page 264
PHYSICAL FITNESS
Key points:
ADAPTED PE
Key Points:
MEN'S INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS
Key Points:

INTRAMURALS
Key Points:
WOMEN'S SPORTS
Key Points:

TITLE IX
Key Points:
Came about during war times
Because of poor tests... started the Presidential Fitness tests
National Recreation Association - leisure time became important
Popular sports - bowling, softball
Fitness mania in 1970s
Rehabilitation Act 1973
Education Amendment Act 1974
Education for All Handicaped
Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
IDEA Act
Free appropriate public education, evaluation, IEP, least restrictive education
1906 - NCAA was formed
D1, D2, D3 were formed
D1 problems - gambling, recruiting, academic violations
1952 - NAIA
1938 - NJCAA - Junior colleges

1913 - Michigan & Ohio state had Intramural Directors
1919 - Mitchell founded Intramural program at Michigan
1940 - Co-ed Intramurals started
1970s - student fees supported Intramurals
1917 - Committee of Women's Athletics
Attire restricted sport choice
Field Days - women to compete, social
Play Days -
Sports Days - social, only one sport
1960s - views changed and women's participation was encouraged
NCAA governing men/women's athletics
1972 - Title IX passed - no gender descrimination in sports
Javits Amendment 1974 - regulates sport participation
1984 - Only applicable to programs funded by government
1993 - NCAA published gender equality study
1998 - additions to the amendment
Full transcript