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Using Developmental Theory with Counseling

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on 5 September 2018

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Transcript of Using Developmental Theory with Counseling

Using Developmental Theory with Counseling
Scientific Revolutions
Provide a
way of understanding
) and
function (
way of categorizing
) life/phenomena… encompass and answers all of the questions in a field
"We need to take pride in our educational and developmental history and recognize our distinctiveness rather than mimic psychology and psychiatry. We can best work with experts from other fields if we recognize our own competence." - Ivey & Ivey, 1999
Orienting information.
Presenting problem.
Supporting history.
Current functioning and environmental contexts.
Testing and consultations.
Clinical judgments/Diagnostic impressions.
Treatment recommendations.
Developmental Case Conceptualization
SOURCE: Winnicott, D.W. (1965). The maturational processes and the facilitating environment;
studies in the theory of emotional development. New York: International Universities Press.

Holding Environments - Winnicott
Concept modified by Kegan in 1982:

a “culture of embeddedness”
… intrinsic not only to infancy, but “an idea intrinsic to evolution” (p. 116).

psychosocial environments
which hold us (with which we are fused) and which let go of us (from which we differentiate)” (p. 116).
“There is never ‘just an individual’ …the person is
an ‘individual’ and an ‘embeddedual’
. There is never just a you…(p. 116).

Holding Environments - Kegan

We need to know what our client’s natural supports are, how they operate, how well they operate, and how we can
replicate that in therapy.
Active intervention to
strengthen one’s natural supports
may be needed.
Natural Therapy (Kegan, 1982)
Coined by D.W. Winnicott in 1965:

The “Environmental Condition of Holding” – without a good enough holding these stages cannot be attained, or once attained cannot become established….” (p. 45).

Paradigm Shifts
" - Developmental episodes in which an older paradigm is replaced in whole or in part by an incompatible new one
Key Concepts from Tonight:
Paradigms & Paradigm Shifts
Cowan's 9-Cell Model
Holding Environment (Winnicott & Kegan)
Kegan's Natural Therapy
Traditional vs. Developmental View of Counseling
Developmental Case Conceptualizations
Full transcript