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Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting: Improving Small Airfield Accident Response

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Tyler Kludt

on 25 April 2013

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Transcript of Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting: Improving Small Airfield Accident Response

Tyler Kludt, Rob Van Hofwegen, Brett Thyren AIRCRAFT RESCUE AND FIREFIGHTING: Conclusion The Breakdown Issues Introduction Small amount of ARFF services, use pilots to improve rescue response

Incorporate new pilot training to assist during emergencies

Training management on first aid to help increase victim survivability

Providing emergency procedures and equipment to increase emergency response and victim survivability

Overall goal is to increase airfield accident response and increase post-accident survivability Over 13,200 airports in the US with minimal form of on field rescue services

Pilots in the air and personnel on the ground are relied upon to report an accident and dispatch the proper rescue services.

Some ARFF services do not have a control tower to help ensure rapid and precise dispatching. Over 15,000 airports in the US
Approximately 5,200 with paved runways
Of the 5,200:
4,000 are general aviation
Approx. 1,800 have Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting services (ARFF). Improving Small Airfield Accident Response How To Improve
Rescue Response Pilot Assistance Airfield Rescue Services Implication Proposed Solutions For airports not within the immediate proximity of a city with emergency services:
Require management (if any) to be properly trained on basic emergency medical treatment.
Possess basic firefighting equipment.
Emergency contact and procedures clearly available to non-management personnel. 2011 over 195,000 certified private pilots
7.8 million hours worth of private pilot training
Training like:
take-offs and landings
stall recovery
emergency procedures
However, not much time is spent on proper communications in an emergency. Training Issues
Only 1,800 airports with ARFF services
Over 88% of the airports are without rescue services on the airfield.
Airport staff are the first line of help during an accident Small Airfield Issues
Implement a required amount of training hours on proper emergency and accident reporting from the aircraft.
Create and incorporate ground/flight lessons into current training standards covering accident reporting procedures. Proposed Solution Require at least 2hrs of instruction on emergency and accident reporting procedures.
1hr of ground and flight instruction to include:
Proper radio communications
Aircraft position reporting
Proper landing/departure procedures after rescue services arrive By requiring an added amount of training to future and current pilots, this will greatly help to improve response time for those airfields with or without ARFF services and help to increase accuracy for those airfields that have a control tower. Expected Outcome How It Helps Adding requirements to small airfields will help to ensure any and all airports can respond, assist or provide resources for the event of an accident.
Requiring management to have medical training will help to extend to survivability of victims.
As members of local fire departments, management will be able to further assist emergency personnel upon arrival and will enable management to retrieve emergency service vehicles and respond in the event local services are unavailable. Expected Outcome
Require airfield management to be properly trained in basic emergency medical treatment.
Require airfield management to be members of local fire department.
Require local departments to do yearly training for airfield accidents at their local airport.
Emergency contact and procedures clearly available to non-management personnel. What if the emergency involves another aircraft? PART "A" PART "B" For those airport in or close to a city with emergency services: Friday, December 09, 2011 Sioux Falls, SD
Cessna 421C
4 Fatalities Accident Scene Perimeter Fence Tuesday, October 18, 2011 Brookings, SD Tower 3.6mi 9min Flandreau Fire Department to Flandreau Municipal Airport Crash Site Airport Management/ARFF W/O CPR TIME LINE
0-4 mins. brain damage unlikely
4-6 mins. brain damage possible
6-10 mins. brain damage probable
over 10 mins. probable brain death BLOOD LOSS
40% is considered life threatening
30 seconds of arterial bleeding can cause loss of consciousness
3 min is all it may take for death to occur Varies with extent of injuries
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