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Transcript of Devices!
Rhetorical devices Sentence structure which places equal grammatical constructions near each other, or sometimes pacing writing. Chiasmus... When the same words are used twice in succession, butthe second time, the order of the words is reversed. When a single word governs or modifies two or more other words, the meaning of the first word must change for each of the other words it governs or modifies. "The butler moped the floor, dusted the mantle, and beat the rugs." "Dandelion wine" by Ray Bradbury! "I have a dream" by Dr. Martin Luther king! MLK "Letter from Birmingham Jail" John F. Kennedy Inaugural Address "Years With Ross" by James Thurber Anaphora... Repetiton of a word, phrase, or clause at teh begining of two or more sentences or clauses in a row. Antithesis... Two opposite or contrasting words, phrases, or even ideas, with parallel structure. Anaphora: "I came, I watched, I believed." Chiasmus: "Don't sweat the petty things, and don't pet the sweaty things." Antithesis: "It was the best of him, It was the worst of him." Syllepsis "I quickly dressed myself and the salad." Where could you find these
type of literay devices
and how do they work? "At last, like ghosts hovering momentarily behind the door screen, Grandma, Great-grandma, and mother would appear, and men would shift, move, and offer seats. The women women carried varieties of fans with them, folded newspapers, bamboo whisks, or perfumed kerchiefs, to start the air moving about their faces as the talked." Analysis: Ray Bradbury uses parallelism in "Dandelion Wine."
"Mother would appear, and the men would shift, move, and offer seats." He does this show consistency and ease on the reader by listing all the actions in one sentence. "But one hundred years later, we must face the tragic fact that the Negro is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination, On hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of property in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of the American society and finds himself an exile in his own land." Analysis: Anaphora is used in Martin Luther King Jr's "I have a dream" speech. He repeats the phrase "On hundred year later," to infer that African-Americans still haven't gotten the rights they deserve. We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor, it must demand by the oppressed. Frankly, I have yet to engage in a direct-action campaign that was "well timed" in the view of those who have not suffered unduly from the disease of segregation. For years not I have heard the word "Wait!" It rings in the ears of every Negro with piercing familiarity. This "Wait" has almost always meant "Never." We must come to see, with one of our distinguished jurists, that "Justice too long delayed is justice denied." Analysis: MLK uses chiasmus in a "Letter from a Birmingham Jail." He says "For years now I have heard the word "Wait!", this 'Wait' has almost always meant "Never." He puts the word "wait," in reverse order to have a bigger affect on convincing people that he's still waiting for change. "We dare not tempt them with weakness. For only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed." Analysis: Antithesis is used in JFK's Inaugural Address. He says "For only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that we will never be employed." He does this to show his opposing position/opinion of the problems he is addressing. "Thus he rationalized everything I did, steadfastly refusing to perceive that he was dealing with a writer who intended to write or to be thrown out. 'Thunder has honesty,' he told Andy White, 'admits his mistakes, never passes the buck. Only editor with common sense I've ever had.' I finally told Ross, late in the summer, that I was losing weight, my grip, and possibly my mind." Analysis: Syllepsis is used in James Thurber's "Years with Ross." "I finally told Ross that I was losing weight, my grip, and possibly my mind." He applies this figure of speech to describe what is happening to the character in different senses.