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Diseases of the human body

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Derek Bremner

on 19 December 2012

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Transcript of Diseases of the human body

Diseases of the Human Body

Digestive System
Respiratory System
Circulatory System Effects on the Human Body - It may be hard to swallow

- You may have pain in the shoulder

- Loss of appetite

-Rapid weight loss

-You may become tired quicker

-Memory may be damaged

-Bleeding or clotting The Respiratory System Lung cancer What is Lung Cancer Lung cancer is when cells multiply to quickly in the tissue of the lung. When not treated the multiplying of cells may spread in a process called metastasis.

There are two main types of lung cancer

small-cell lung carcinoma (SCIC )
Non small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCIC) Treatments for Lung Cancer SCIC NSCIC Chemotherapy affects normal cells as well as the cancer cells, so side effects may happen like loss of hair, etc

There was about diagnoses and deaths from lung cancer in the US of 2012

•New cases: 226,160.
•Deaths: 160,340. The Circulatory System Atherosclerosis Disease Effects on the Human Body When plaque builds in your arteries, it limits blood flow making it harder for the heart to pump blood throughout the body.

This can cause: -Stoke

-Heart attack

-Peripheral vascular disease

(Cardiovascular disease) What Causes Atherosclerosis Arteries carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body, they are lined with thin cells. This is called the endotheluim which keeps the inside of an artery smooth, helping the blood flow. When something like high blood pressure, smoking, or high cholesterol damage the endotheluim, plaque begins to form in the artery. Blood cells rush toward the LDL cholesterol. In a period of time, the mess of cells becomes a plaque making it harder for the heart to pump the blood. Mortality rate 102,686
8 years Sclc lung cancer is normally treated with radiation or chemotherapy Survival rates 1995 - 2002 was 15 percent The leading cause for lung cancer is SMOKING Smoking •0.2% for men who never smoked (0.4% for women)
•5.5% for male former smokers (2.6% in women)
•15.9% for current male smokers (9.5% for women)
•24.4% for male “heavy smokers” defined as smoking more than 5 cigarettes per day (18.5% for women) One thing of chemicals and smoke is responsible for more than a quarter of all cancer deaths in the world tobacco. Small-cell lung cancer is different from other lung cancers in these ways

small cell lung cancer grows quickly.
Small-cell lung cancer spreads faster.
Small-cell lung cancer responds well to chemotherapy and radiation therapy Lung Cancer Facts Lung cancer is the biggest cancer killer in both genders in the UD

In 1987, it passed breast cancer making it the most cause of deaths for women.

Lung cancer causes more deaths than the next three most common cancers combined
(colon, breast and prostate).
160,340 Americans were expected to die
from lung cancer in 2012,

The age-adjusted death rate for lung cancer is higher for men than for women . The leading cause for atherosclerosis is To many lipids in your diet Angioplasty is a procedure that's used to open blocked or narrowed arteries. Angioplasty can improve blood flow to the heart. Sometimes a small mesh tube is put into the artery to stop is from closing again. Treatments How to prevent atherosclerosis - have a healthy diet
-manage stress
- quit smoking ( if you do)
-maintain a healthy weight
-be physically active Watch this clip The Digestive System Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a disease that damages the lining of the small intestine and prevents it from absorbing nutrients that provides energy to your entire body. The damage is due to a reaction to eating gluten, which is found in wheat. What is Celiac Disease Symptoms -chronic diarrhea
- weight loss
-irritability Treatment The fact is there is no treatment the only thing a person can do is a life long gluten free diet People that have celiac disease can only get by genetics Gluten-free diet heals the damage to the intestines and prevents further damage. This healing happens in 2-3 months for kids and may take 2-3 years for adults Why stop eating gluten Heres a short video The End
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