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Darshana Punjani

on 2 November 2014

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Thank You!
It represents a different class of building, which varies from the conventional general hospital.
In continuation of the trend in healthcare facility, it provides service to the category needing advance care in clinical , diagnostic and nursing sector .
So architecture being a major link in the growth chain , has changed accordingly.
Man has been in search of knowledge for improvised standard of living and comfort. This means he must improvise physical condition and environment around him. Thus hospitals are a link between the pure science of medicines and application of it to the masses.
To study the planning and organisation of a health center.
To suggest location, infrastructure, layout of various departments and services in a healthcare center
To study the potential of a therapeutic environment
Hospital will have better space planning, circulation, infection control and healing environment.
Better services to avoid cross contamination.
By understanding patients pschological needs providing home like environment, fresh air, daylight, views will help reduce recovery time of patients.
Access to healing powers of nature.
Separate all departments, yet keep them close.
Elimination of long corridors.
Segregation of public traffic - casualty, OPD, IPD, Patients, Visitors, doctors and staff.
Residential apartments for doctors and staff quarters.
Hospital with adequate facilities to cater to every minor and major health hazards.
Seminar hall and exhibition center for medical exhibitions and seminars.
Creating a healing environment:

Physicians have viewed body and mind as separate and distinct components. However an increasing number of physicians now recognize that treating the whole person , not just the diseased organ is important.
How to design a healing environment which would complement and enhance the healing effects of drugs and medical technology.
Relationship between stress and illness and influence of positive attitudes on healing , more emphasis is being placed on design of patient care environment.
The site selected for the construction of the Multispeciality Hospital is Malad, West Mumbai.
The site is reserved for a hospital and has an area of 57,000sq.m
The site is located on link road which connects Andheri to Dahisar.Hence it is easily accessible by suburban population by road.
Distance from nearest bus depot - Goregaon Bus depot is 3km, Distance from western western express highway is 2.3km.
Western suburbs constitute of 44.3% of the city's population, have emerged as the fastest growing section in city's population.
The climate is tropical. Maximum temperature ranges from 33.3 to 29.1 degree celcius and minimum temperature ranges from 26.2 to 16.3 degree celius.
The average rainfall is 2757mm.
G.D Kunder's Hospital Planning and Management.
Hospital design guide - HOSMAC.
Building type basics for healthcare facilities -Richard L.Kobus.
Healthcare Spaces 4
The site is selected in an urban area , Malad , Mumbai.

Why Mumbai?
The population of Mumbai is 21,190 persons/sq.km
The population of Maharashtra is 48 million.
The accessibility of Mumbai is very convenient by road, bus, railway and air
The medical tourism in mumbai is also increasing by the day.
Why Malad?
Western Suburbs consist of 44.3% of the Population and is considered to be the fastest growing section in Mumbai.
The accessibility of Malad is very convenient via road, bus and rail from North Central and South Mumbai.
Thus, I want to achieve psychological well-being through my design by:
Functional Zoning: Taking care of sterility, segretation of work flow, unobstructed emergency routes, nurse observation, patient and staff safety, infection control etc.
Innovate: Innovation has become radical but not incremental. By modern construction, faster and more efficient forms of construction, constantly adapting to the changing needs coming mainly from technological development.
Impact of new technologies on future: As pharmaceuticals relace procedures, decreased need of admission, minimal invasive surgeries, robot assisted or voice assited procedures.
A design that would have positive impacts on work effectiveness and stress reductions.
Architects who are concerned in the planning of new buildings should find something of value here that link in the chain or medical building evolution and contribution in some measure to the growing efficiencies of medical facilities.
They should be able to create an environment that is comfortable for both staff and patients, should make more positive contributions to successful treatment of human maladies
It is in this context of social necessity of well designed hospitals that this topic has been chosen for the proposed thesis and to understand the complexities of hospital design.
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