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Transcript of SURREALISM
Surrealism's purpose was to express the truth in one's thought. The main goal of these artists was to portray the creativity of one's unconscious mind (and all of the dream-like images that accompany it).
What is Surrealism?
This movement was largely influenced by Sigmund Freud.
The dream world fascinated the Surrealists.
They believed that the freedom of the subconscious mind within sleep could be realized creatively in their art.
The City of the Drawers
The Meditative Rose (1958)
Salvador Dali was a Spanish artist who joined the Surrealists 1929 and soon became one of the most popular members. This was caused not only his art, but also by his attention grabbing public actions. He called his art "hand painted dream photographs".
Dali sees the head as sleep, the head is supported by multiple wooden crutches. Dali has said, “I have often imagined the monster of sleep as a heavy, giant head with a tapering body held up by the crutches of reality. When the crutches break we have the sensation of falling.” The head here shows that when someone is asleep, they look very vulnerable and weak. The Surrealists were interested in portraying the freedom in sleep.
In this painting, Dali portrays time, as stopwatches melting away. An interpretation of this is many things seem strong and useful in our life but eventually, there's a point where they start to seem weak and useless.
Persistence of Memory (1931)
Although she was only alive for 47 years, Frida Kahlo a legacy of art that rivals all others. Using her own unique "folkloric" style of painting, Frida painted the diary of her life. Each painting, whether it be a self-portrait or a still life, captures a moment in her life. They reflect the emotions of her turbulent relationship with her husband, the Diego Rivera, the pain she endured after a tragic bus accident, and her inability to have children. During her life time Frida created some 200 paintings, drawings and sketches related to her experiences in life.
Henry Ford Hospital
Display Window in a Street in Detroit
Portrait of a Girl
Murdering Airplanes (1920)
The painting depicts a swimming pool surrounded by buildings that seem to be hand drawn. The buildings leave shadows against the sky like a wall. Hanging in the sky is a clock that reflects on the water as a moon. In the pool, the picture shows a possibly female or childish body that seems to be either drowning or diving. In the foreground, a humanoid statue casts a shadow in the direction of the pool.
Aquis Submersus (1919)
was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet. He became a prominent addition to the Dada movement and the time of Surrealism. Famous for his usage of unique styles, he also developed the technique of frottage, "rubbing", in 1925 which provided him which produced hallucinatory effects.
Max Ernst and his wife, Dorothea Tanning
This painting shows a variety of scientific instruments. This work began by creating print reproductions of these diagrams. Using the technique, frottage, the paint reproductions were colored and textured with a combination of watercolor, gouache, pencil and ink. This technique brought about a sense of 3 dimensional space.
Little Machine Constructed by Minimax Dadamax in Person (1919-1920)
From cut out images of hats found from catalogs, the collage consisted of pencil and gouache outlines to create anthropomorphic images.
The Hat Makes the Man (1920)
The Lovers (1928)
René Magritte Himself
The Human Condition (1933)
Was a Belgian Surrealist artist who began his painting in this style in the later 1920s after having moved to Paris, where he soon became a leader in the movement. His paintings are extremely dream-like; depicting images that are physically impossible and always working to challenge the viewers perception of art and the world.
The Treachery of Images (1928-1929)
The False Mirror (1928)
French for "This is not a pipe."
Magritte meant with this painting to show that the above image is not a pipe, it is merely a picture of a pipe, a representation. This is to represent the ambiguity of human language and to show that even our language can be extremely uncertain.
Magritte challenges the viewer's perception of reality, showing a partial view of the countryside and then completing it with a portrait on an aisle that is meant to obscure our view of the rest of the landscape. We are made to assume that it accurately depicts the landscape but we can never truly be certain of what lies beyond the edges of the portrait.
'I don't do drugs. I am drugs.'
“There is only one difference between a madman and me. The madman thinks he is sane. I know I am mad.”
“I am not strange, I am just not normal.”
Jezer- Global History
By: Aisha O,
Frida's husband encouraged her to paint portraits of the native Mexican and Indian people. So Frida decided to paint both, as the same person This is one of her earlier works, and she was still developing her technique.
This is arguably the most painful self portrait that Frida Kahlo ever painted. Not only had she just suffered her second miscarriage, she was also beginning to realize that she could never carry a pregnancy to term. She shows this difficulty in her life by surrounding herself with disturbing images.
In this portrait, Magritte depicts two lovers with shrouded faces to give the painting an air of romantic mystery, as the audience can only wonder as to who these two people. A lot can be learned about a scene just by seeing what people's faces are like and by purposely hiding them, Magritte places uncertainty in his audience. At the same time it emphasizes the raw power this shared kiss captured on canvas.
"If the dream is a translation of waking life, waking life is also a translation of the dream. ”
Magritte Quote That Sums Up His Work:
In this painting, Magritte depicts an eye with a clouded blue sky for the white area surrounding the pupil, in order to make us question how humans see the world, both literally and figuratively, The title furthers this idea, as our perception of the world is different from what we physically see of it.