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Copy of Georgia Habitats
Transcript of Copy of Georgia Habitats
Situated in the northernmost part of
Georgia, the Mountain Region
encompasses the Appalachian Plateau,
the Ridges and Vallies, and the Blue
Ridge. The plantlife is different here
than the other regions because it has
higher elevations. The highest elevation
is Brasstown Bald situated at 4,784 feet.
The mountain region has many cove forests
and in the spring it has a wide variety of
blooming wildflowers. Many birds and other
species of animals can be found in this region.
White tailed deer
To prepare for a cold winter,
deer are able to adapt to the
colder climate by growing
thicker coat of fur.
These birds have curved
beaks that help them find
seeds and insects in the
forest trees. They also have
short claws that are good for
gripping and resting on the
Black bears have sharp
claws that are great tools
for ripping opened logs to
find worms. These claws also help them to climb trees.
A bobcat's fur changes
colors with the seasons.
This helps the bobcat to
camoflague itself in its
The Mountain Laurel is
an evergreen shrub that is
usually found growing on
rocky slopes and mountainous
Also known as a yellow
poplar, these trees can
grow to be 150-180 feet
tall. That is about the
same as 8 adult giraffes
stacked on top of each
The red bud is a large
shrub that grows in
the understory of the
The word Piedmont means
"foothills." The Piedmont
covers about one-third of
Georgia and consists of rough
hills in the northern part of the
region and rolling hills in the
southern part. The Piedmont
extends from the mountain region
down to the fall line. The Piedmont
region is the most populated region
in Georgia. Atlanta, Georgia's capital
is located in the Piedmont and
Forsyth, Georgia is located in this
Birds of prey such as the bald
eagle have sharp talons and
keen eyesight which make them
Cottonmouths are excellent
swimmers. They have a pair of
heat sensing pits between their
eyes and nostrils which help them
to detect changes in temperature. This helps them strike accuratley at potential prey.
Raccoons are one of the few
animals who have adapted well
to humans invading their territory.
This is largely due to the fact the
raccoons will eat just about anything.
The coastal plains has hot, humid
summers and mild winters. The soil
in this region is sandy which makes it
great farming land. The land is wide
and very flat. The coastal plains was
once the ocean floor when most of
Georgia was covered by sea. The coastal
plain covers over 60% of Georgia. Savannah
is in the coastal plain.
The swamp and marsh habitat is
located within the Coastal Plains region,
but it has very different plants and animals
living within it. The Okefenokee Swamp is
located in this region. The Okefenokee
is the largest swamp in North America. The
land in this region is soft and wet and the
swamp contains fresh water. The Okefenokee
has four land features: prairies, hammocks,
lakes, and islands.
Georgia's southeastern boarder is the
Atlantic Ocean. Georgia has over 100
miles of coastline. Salt marshes and
sandy beaches make up the ocean habitat of this region. Off of the coast are Georgia's barrier islands, often called "The Golden Isles." These islands are seperated from the coastline by a small expanse of ocean.
Hickory is one of the strongest
woods. Hickory trees produce
nuts that are suitable for small mammals in the region
Pine trees are evergreens. Many
different species of pines grow in
the Piedmont including: Loblolly Pines,
Longleaf and Shortleaf Pines, Slash Pines,
Spruce Pines, White Pines, and Virginia
Pines. Pines are valued for their timber
and wood pulp. The seeds of pine cones are
eaten by birds and squirrels and the pine
needles are sometimes eaten by moths
Azaleas are flowering shrubs that
bloom in the spring. Their flowers
usually last a few weeks. They
prefer living near or under trees.
Wild hogs are not native to the
coastal plains; however, they are
very predominant in this region. The
wild hog is an omnivore which means it
eats both plants and meat. Adult males
have tusks that serve as weapons and tools.
Wild hogs are a nusiance as they can cause
damage to trees and other vegetation, and
they feed on the eggs of ground nesting birds.
A muskrat's fur has two layers, which helps
protect them from the cold water. They
have long tails which are covered with
scales rather than hair and to help them
to swim. Muskrats are semi-aquatic which
means the spend most of their time in water.
Eastern Indigo Snake
The eastern indigo snake is a large, black,
nonvenomous snake that is found in the
southeastern United States. In Georgia, the
eastern indigo is usually found in sandhill
habitats in southern Georgia. The eastern
indigo is listed as a federally threatened
species because they are over collected for
pet trade and they are often accidentally
killed by rattlesnake hunters.
Spanish moss is a flowering plant
that is most often found growing in
Live Oak trees in the coastal plains.
Spanish moss is sometimes called an
air plant because it can grow high in
the tops of trees and takes in all the
nutrients it needs from the air.
A saw palmetto is a small
palm. Its leaves have small,
tiny teeth that look like a saw
blade and it gives it its name.
The live oak is an evergreen oak tree found in
southeastern Georgia. The live oak is also the
state tree of Georgia. Once a year, live oaks
produce small acorns that are eaten by many
native, migrating, and wintering songbirds as well
as quail, turkey, squirrel, and deer.
The white ibis hunts for its
food in the swamps, marshes,
and lowlands. They prefer to eat
crayfish, aquatic insects and small
fish. The white ibis spends the
majority of its day hunting for food.
Its long, pointed beak helps it spear
fish hiding in the shallow water.
Northern Right Whales
There are more alligators than there are
people in the swamp and marsh region.
American alligators live in freshwater
environments. Alligators have very
strong jaws that help them bite and grip
The bladderwort is a meat-eating plant.
Bladderworts live in very poor soil and they
cannot get the nutrients they need to live
from it. As a result, the bladderwort gets
its nutrients from eating insects. A bladderwort
floats on top of the water. When an insect touch
its trigger hairs, the bladderwort sucks in the bug
and dissolves it.
Swamps and Marshes
The Northern right whale comes to the
Georgia coast to have its babies, called
calves, in the warmer climate. The right
whale is Georgia's state marine mammal
and the most endangered of the large
whales in the world.
The loggerhead sea turtle comes
ashore to lay eggs off of Georgia's
barrier islands. A female turtle will
lay a nest of about 120 eggs, and
then go back into the ocean. When
the baby turtles hatch, they must
find their own way to the ocean.
Saltmarsh cordgrass grows along the
sides of marsh creeks and in areas that
are flooded by the tides. Cordgrasses are
able to survive the salt water flood
because they have a regulatory system
that helps them get rid of the unneeded
salt. Wild ponies and deer often eat cordgrass.
Sea oats have very long roots that
help hold loose soil in place. Sea oats
help to stop erosion of sand dunes in
the barrier islands. If you go to the
beach and you see sea oats, do not
pick them. Picking sea oats is
against the law in Georgia.
Bald cypress trees are
predominant in the Okefenokee Swamp. Their "knees" help them to stand in wet environments. A bald cypess can live for up to 600 years. Bald cypress trees are very important to the swamp ecosystem because they provide food and shelter to the wildlife in the region.
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Eastern diamondback rattlesnakes help
reduce the number of rodents in coastal Georgia. They feed on small mammals, rabbits, birds, and rodents. These rattlesnakes are one of 36 species in the area and one of five venemous in the area.
The diamondback terrapin lives in estuaries and
salt marshes. Terrapins are very strong swimmers.
They have webbed hind feet, but not flippers like
sea turtles. They have very strong jaws for crushing
shells of clams and snails.
Prickly Pear Cactus
The prickly pear cactus lives in areas
that are very dry and windy. Their thick
stems store water and they have a waxy
covering that keeps the plant from losing
water to the air. It has very shallow roots
to help it absorb rainwater.
Morning glory vines grow on some
sand dunes. Similar to sea oats,
morning glories also help prevent
the erosion of dunes by helping to
keep the sand anchored in place.