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MODAL VERBS

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kelly baez

on 29 January 2018

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Transcript of MODAL VERBS

Unlike the auxiliary verbs "be", "do" and "have" that can function as a main verb. Modal verbs express modality, ability, possibility, need or other condition. We use them for the future and the conditional. As complementary verbs that are, modal verbs do not work without another verb. This other verb always goes after the modal verb and is in the base form (the infinitive without "to"). Modal verbs are not conjugated and do not have time.


"Can" indicates ability or possibility. In these cases it can be translated as "power" in Spanish.

"Could" indicates possibility or ability in the past.

As "could", "may" is used to indicate possibilities in the future.

"Might" is used to indicate possibilities in the present or the future. In these cases, it is a synonym of "may".


will- As we will see in later lessons, "will" is used to form the future tense.
Also the use of "will" means will or determination. "Will" is used in interrogative phrases to request information, a favor or on options.

"Shall" is used as "will" to form the future tense. The use of "shall" is much more common in the United Kingdom and in general is more educated. You can also use "shall" for offers and suggestions or to ask about options or preferences.

"Should" indicates an obligation or recommendation. Reflects an opinion about what is right. It is translated as the conditional of "duty" in Spanish. "Should" is used in interrogative phrases to ask if there is an obligation or to ask for a recommendation.
“Ought to "is a synonym of" should "although it is less common.

"Must" indicates an obligation, prohibition or necessity. You can also use "have to" in affirmative phrases. You can also use "must" to indicate probability or assume something. It is also possible to use "must" for rhetorical questions.

"Would" is used to declare a preference and to ask for something politely.



form sentences

affirmative and negative:

subject + modal verb + action + complement
subject + negative modal verb + action + complement

interrogative:

modal verb + subject + action + complement+?

possibilities:

subject + modal verb + possibility + action + complement

questions of possibility:

modal verb + subject + possibility + action + complement +?
Modal verbs are:
can
could
may
might
will
shall
should
ought to
must/have to
would
Sometimes, 'need' and 'dare' (daring), also have the same grammatical characteristics of modal verbs.
I can speak five languages.
Bill and Tom can’t help you
It can be dangerous to drive if you are tired
Can I have a glass of water?

I couldn’t sleep last night.
Joe could speak Spanish when he was young
Could you play an instrument when you were a child?
You could pass the test if you studied
Could you pass the salt please?

I will help you.
Will they find a cure for cancer?

She would like to go to New York someday.
Would you like some coffee?

I should call my parents more often.
Should we leave a tip?



MODAL VERBS
Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that can not function as a main verb.
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