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STI & HIV 101- Basic

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Lydia Chan

on 23 February 2015

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Transcript of STI & HIV 101- Basic

STI & HIV 101
What is AIDS?
HIV + Opportunistic Infection = AIDS
How does HIV Become AIDS?
How Does HIV Cause AIDS?
- HIV infects and destroys an individual's white blood cells
- HIV then weakens a person's immune system to the point that they can no longer fight off

common infections
- These are called opportunistic infections because they only come about when a certain opportunity arises
- This infection becomes deadly, resulting in AIDS
How is HIV Transmitted?
1. HIV must be present in bodily fluid.
Such as semen, breast milk, vaginal fluid, blood and rectal secretions.
2. Direct access to the blood stream.
Through rips/tears, cuts, mucous membranes, open sores, or needle use for example.

Risky behaviour.
Such as unprotected sex, unsafe body art, sharing needles, or breast feeding.
Transmission Misconceptions
Presented By: Lydia Chan
ACB Community Outreach Coordinator
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
H- Humans can get infected
I- It attacks your immune system
V- It's a virus

quired = You can get it

mmuno = Attacks immune system

eficiency = It cannot perform it's job

yndrome = Group of related symptoms
HIV is NOT Transmitted by casual contact
- the virus dies quickly outside the body
- the virus is also easily killed by soap and common disinfectants such as bleach

You CANNOT contract HIV by...
- donating blood
-mosquito bites
- sitting on a toilet
- hand shaking
- hugging
-sharing utensils
- spending time in the same space with someone living with HIV/AIDS
This concludes HIV 101

Any Questions?

What We Do
Client Services
- Food & Nutrition Programs
- Support Services for PHAs
- Social Events & Community Programming
Education & Outreach
- African, Caribbean & Black Community Strategy Program
- Gay Men's Sexual Health Program
- Women & HIV Community Development Program
- Health Promotion & Speaker's Program
Harm Reduction
- Needle Exchange
- Informal Counselling
- Safer Sex Supplies
- Educational Resources
HIV 101:
Knowing the Basics
Canadian Statistics
What You Need to Know
- 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide (2010)
- Approximately 71, 300 people living with HIV/AIDS in Canada (2011)
- An estimated 17, 980 people living with HIV remained undiagnosed in 2011
- This represents 25% of the estimated number of people living with HIV in Canada
What Can You Do?
1. Start Talking: share educational information about HIV/AIDS & other STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) with family, friends & community members

2. Reduce Risky Behaviour: for example, do not engage in sexual relations when your judgement is impaired; use a lubricated latex, or polyurethane condoms when engaging in oral, vaginal, or anal sex


Get Tested: whether you are in an open, or monogamous relationship, get tested for STIs at regular intervals & recommend your family, friends & community members do the same
Testing Procedures/Options
1. Anonymous HIV Tests
- The name, or identity of the person being tested is not requested, recorded, or reported
- The test is ordered using a code known only to the person being tested

2. Confidential HIV Tests
- The practitioner ordering the test knows the name, or identity of the person being tested, but orders the test using a code

- The practitioner orders the test using the person's name
Teen Health Centre
1585 Ouellette Ave.
(519) 253-8481

Windsor Essex County Health Unit
1005 Ouellette Ave.
(519) 258-2146
AIDS Committee of Windsor
511 Pelissier Street
(519) 973-0222

HIV Care Program
Tecumseh/Byng Clinic
2085 Tecumseh road East.
(519) 254-6115
Support in Windsor
- PHAs can show no symptoms of having the virus
~ Some PHAs may experience no symptoms for a long time, while others may experience symptoms very quickly
- Abstinence is the best prevention against HIV
- Condoms are also a good prevention against HIV
does not
have to disclose his/her status unless they are engaging in unprotected sexual activity (oral, vaginal, anal), or sharing needles
Canadian Statistics
What You Need to Know
- The HIV epidemic in Canada is concentrated in specific populations:
Gay men & other men who have sex with men (MSM) represent
50% of all people living with HIV in Canada
Those who use injection drugs (IDU) represent
20% of all people living with HIV in Canada
People whose HIV status was attributed to heterosexual sex represent
33% of all people living with HIV in Canada
People whose HIV status could not be attributed to sex, or injection drug use represent less than
1% of all people living with HIV in Canada
People from the Aboriginal community represent
9% of all people living with HIV in Canada
Women represent
23% of all people living with HIV in Canada
Of that 33%, 15% were from a country where HIV is endemic (primarily countries in sub-Saharan Africa & the Caribbean)
Canadian Statistics
What You Need to Know
- In Ontario, approximately 29, 787 people living with HIV/AIDS (2008)
- 710 known cases of people living with HIV/AIDS in Windsor-Essex & Chatham Kent (2008)
- In Ontario, young adults (aged 20-29) accounted for approximately 25% of all people diagnosed with HIV/AIDS (2008)
What is HIV?
What is HIV?

Hepatitis B & C


Bacteria (Curable )
What is an STI?
Virus (Not Curable)
½ to ¼ have no symptoms
Burning sensation during urination
Pain in your lower abdomen
White, or green discharge
Transmitted through: oral, vaginal or anal sex, or from mother to baby
through birth
Treatment = Antibiotic pill
Chlamydia & Gonorrhea
What's the Difference?

Chlamydia – Milky discharge
Gonorrhea – yellowish or green discharge
Large sore that doesn’t hurt
Flu symptoms, sore throat, hair loss, rash on hands/feet
Brain damage, blindness, heart disease
Transmitted through: oral, vaginal, or anal sex, from other contact with syphilis sores or rashes, as well as from mother to baby before or during birth
Treatment = Series of 3 antibiotic shots. Extremely painful
May experience flu-like symptoms, swollen glands and headaches
May have sensation or tingling, discomfort, or itching on the area prior to an outbreak
Thereafter, painful blister-like sores appear on the skin
Transmission: if your skin, vagina, penis, or mouth comes into contact with someone who already has the herpes virus.
Both strains can infect the mouth and genitals
Treatment = Antiviral medication
Not curable

Strains of the virus can cause cervical cancer, anal and penile cancer, as well as genital warts
Genital warts causes flesh-colored, soft bumps on the skin that may look like the surface of a cauliflower
Can appear on mouth, on the lips, tongue, and palate, or in the throat.
May be so small that you do not notice them for 6 weeks to 6 months
Painless, may itch
Transmission: through sexual contact involving the anus, mouth, or vagina
Treatment = Freezing or burning off
Prevention= Vaccine
Human Papilloma Virus
Poor appetite, vomiting, jaundice, dark urine, headaches
Unprotected sex, injection drug use and unsafe body art are high risk behaviours for contracting Hep B or C
Not curable

What's the Difference?

Hep B
Transmission: through sexual contact involving the anus, mouth, or vagina and blood to blood contact
Hep C
No Vaccine
Transmission: primarily through blood to blood contact
Hepatitis B & C
Herpes Simplex 2/Genital Herpes
What's the Difference?
Herpes Simplex 1/Cold Sores
Herpes Simplex 2 causes cold sores on the genitals and rectal area
Decreased appetite, fever, muscle aches in the lower back, buttocks, thighs, or knees
Swelling and tenderness in the groin
Cluster of tiny blisters (very painful)
Strain of virus transmitted sexually
Not sexually transmitted
Herpes Simplex 1 causes cold sores around the mouth and nose
Virus may be found in saliva, can also be transferred by hands from people shedding the virus
2 Types: Herpes Simplex 1 & 2
The AIDS Committee of Windsor is a registered charity that provides support, education and outreach services for people at risk of, affected by, or living with HIV/AIDS within Windsor-Essex & Chatham-Kent.
So It Drips


Pain, including pain during urination
What happens if I decide to take
an anonymous HIV test?

Hepatitis B & C


Bacteria (Curable )
What is an STI?
Virus (Not Curable)
Full transcript