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Analyze the Era of Good feelings as a peaceful political tim

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Mary Taylor Peele

on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of Analyze the Era of Good feelings as a peaceful political tim

Analyze the Era of Good feelings as a peaceful political time period in the history of the United States to the rise of Jacksonian Democracy and the political mudslinging that ensues.
Era of Good Feelings
Jacksonian Democracy
Political Mudslinging
The Era of Good Feelings was a time period of extreme growth and nationalism. Also, this time was marked by the prosperity and peaceful state that America became after the war of 1812.
The Era of Good Feelings prospered in culture, social structure, and political values, with the rise of sectionalism and nationalism, which shaped the country for several years.
During the Era of Good Feelings, James Monroe was president.
The spirit of nationalism was apparent in Supreme Court decisions and established the supremacy of the federal government and expanded the powers of Congress. American interest and power in foreign policy was especially apparent in the Monroe Doctrine. Industrial development enhanced national self-sufficiency and united the nation as it improved roads, canals, and river transportation.
Democratic Republicans were divided and a new political system was created from the old Republican-Federalist competition. This was known as the first party system.

The Era of Good Feelings was dominated by one political party.
Monroe’s term in office was known as the Era of Good Feelings.
Monroe supported federal funding for internal improvements, even if he hesitated to authorize the direct federal involvement and raise protective tariffs for American manufacturing.
In 1828, Andrew Jackson was elected as the seventh President. Jacksonian Democracy can be defined as the “political movement toward greater democracy for the common man,” and was led by President Andrew Jackson and his supporters. The “Age of Jacksonian Democracy” is said to have taken place from 1829 to 1837.
Andrew Jackson was the first President to be elected who was not from Virginia or Massachusetts. He wanted to make himself known as the “Champion of the Common Man.”
Jacksonian Democracy was led by the Democratic Party. Their political party claimed to stand for the common people of America, instead of only the most elite. The early democratic ideas that were used in the foundation of this party can still be seen in the Democratic Party that we have today.
In the early 1800s, two popular political parties opposed each other: the Jacksonian Democrats and the Whigs.
The Democratic Party believed in strong state rights, rather than a powerful federal government. They wished to destroy things such as the National Bank, which they believed vested too much power in the national government.
Jackson favored state banks which were called Pet banks
The Democratic Party stood more for the lower class common man, and they believed that any individual, rich or poor, should be able to work in government positions. On the other hand, the Whigs were in favor of a strong national government.
They supported the National Bank because they thought the federal government could use their implied powers to create it. The Whigs were primarily in favor of big businesses, manufacturers, and industrialists. They also implemented a tariff that aided the northern manufacturers, while hurting the economy of the lower class farmers.
When Jackson became President, he fired 20% of the federal officials in office and put in his supporters that helped him during the election of 1828. This became known as the Spoils System, also called the Patronage System. Jackson thought that many federal officials took their jobs for granted and should be removed from office.
Additionally, Jackson felt that changing the system of office would reduce corruption of the government.
The meaning of the Spoils System was to give government jobs to loyal members of the political faction in power. This was derived from the phrase “to the victor belong the spoils” by William Marcy.
The Spoils System had many advantages during this time. For example, it helped the Democratic Party grow in power.
However, there were a few disadvantages is the system. One of these disadvantages was that the system overlooked the workers’ ability to do their job. Also, many well-experienced workers were fired in the process of actually getting the Spoils System.
Jacksonian Democracy refers to the ascendancy of Andrew Jackson and the Democratic Party after 1828.
After Andrew Jackson was elected President, Republicans, who were known as the Whigs, began to attack Jackson and his personal life. They argued about his involvement with slavery and claimed that he mistreated his soldiers while he was in charge of the military, and Indians in the west.
Furthermore, Adams also hired Binns to create more handbills; these pamphlets portrayed Jackson as a cannibal.
The handbill claimed that after Jackson and his army defeated an Indian tribe while Jackson was military leader, “the blood thirsty Jackson began again to show his cannibal propensities, by ordering his Bowman to dress a dozen of these Indian bodies for his breakfast, which he devoured without leaving even a fragment.”
While it is obvious that this statement is false, Adams’ goal was to portray Jackson as a man, that no one in their right mind would vote for, hoping that this would aid him in winning the election.
Adams continually tried to smear Jackson's reputation by saying that Jackson married a "lady of the night."
In 1828, John Adams ran against Andrew Jackson in the Presidential Election. Adams hired a Philadelphia reporter and printer, John Binns, to produce degrading handbills about Andrew Jackson in hopes to bash him and ruin his chance for presidency. These handbills became known as the Coffin Handbills. They displayed black coffins on the cover of the handout and claimed that Jackson forced six of his soldiers into execution during the war of 1812. Adams and his supporters tried to make the public forget Jackson as a war hero and make him known as a murderer.
Mary Taylor Peele, Miranda Griffin, Matthew Perry, Olivia Griffin, Anna Chesson
Sources
http://www.ushistory.org/us/23a.asp
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/era.cfm?eraID=4&smtID=2
http://www.slideshare.net/fnewsomlang/the-spoils-system-andrew-jackson
http://www.sparknotes.com/testprep/books/sat2/history/chapter7section5.rhtml
http://www.phillymag.com/news/2012/10/24/presidential-campaign-dirty-politics-mudslinging/
http://www.cliffsnotes.com/more-subjects/history/us-history-i/jacksonian-democracy/politics-of-the-jacksonian-era
http://www.ushistory.org/us/23f.asp
https://www.boundless.com/political-science/textbooks/boundless-political-science-textbook/interest-groups-7/history-of-political-parties-55/jacksonian-democrats-1824-1860-318-1562/
http://classroom.synonym.com/meaning-jacksonian-democracy-6388.html
http://politicalpartiesush.weebly.com/whigs-vs-jacksonian-democrats.html
http://www.phillymag.com/news/2012/10/24/presidential-campaign-dirty-politics-mudslinging/
http://www.newberry.org/campaign-mudslinging-american-tradition-least-1828
John Adams
Andrew Jackson
President Monroe
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