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Popes Throughout European History(1450-present)
Transcript of Popes Throughout European History(1450-present)
Popes Throughout European History(1450-present)
Pope Nicholas V
Nicholas' main goal was the reconstruction of the Vatican City, the Borgo district and St. Peter's. He passed the papal bull "Dum Diversas and Romanus Pontifex" for King Alfonso V of Portugal. This gave him the right to "attack, conquer, and subjugate Saracens. These bulls sanctioned the purchase of salves
Pope Juluis II
Juluis was pope during the Renaissance and was set on making himself a emperor-pope he focused on making appear as a Caesar. Juluis legacy laid in the beatification of the Vatican he hired Bramante and Raphael, Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel was commissioned under Julius
Pope Paul V
Paul severed 16 long years as pope during these years he added a library to the Vatican provoked a war within the Italian states and in France was a firm believer divine right which angered many of the French in the states general
Pope Urban VIII
Urban was pope during the 30 year's war in that time he issued papal bull bulls that favored the side Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier, making them saints later on he issued more papal bull that protected Jesuit
Pope Innocent XI
Considered the best pope of the 17th century because of his measure by themselves aided the balancing of the surplus of the budget. He went so far as to prohibit cardinals from keeping horses and carriages and liveried servants which he considered inappropriate to a priestly life style
Pope Pius VII
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" The 14th and 15th Centuries: The Church in Moral Crisis." Church in the 14th and 15th Century. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.
"List of Popes." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 Nov. 2014. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.
"NEW ADVENT: Home." NEW ADVENT: Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2014. <http://www.newadvent.org/>.
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"Was Peter the First Pope?" Was Peter the First Pope? N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.
St. Peter: The First Pope
Peter was originally a fisherman and became one of the 12 Apostles of Jesus Christ. He was the first Bishop of Rome. Nero Augustus Caesar had Peter crucified, according to Peter's request, he was crucified upside down because he found himself unworthy of dying the same way that Jesus did. His ring is passed down from pope to pope and his bones remained buried under Clementine Chapel.
Pope Callixtus III
1455 - 1458
Pope Callixtus III reaffirmed the previous pope by passing the Inter Caetera bull. He was the final pope to take the name Callixtus. During the crusades he encouraged Christian princes to take Constantinople. He failed and was unable to take Constantinople from the Turks.
Pope Paul II
1464 - 1471
There was a bad time during Paul's time as pope was his abuse of the practice of creating cardinals in pectore, without publishing their names. He was eager to increase the number of cardinals who shared his interest, but restricted, he created two secret cardinals, both of which died before their names could be published.
Pope Innocent VIII
1484 - 1492
Pope Innocent VIII issued the Papal Bull Summis which reinforced the church law about marriage annulment and seizures of assets. His false legal arguments were then used by Catholics and protestants to justify the suppression of women’s rights and undertake witch hunts for over three hundred years.
Pope Alexander VI
1492 - 1503
Alexander was among the darkest popes, he was pope during the Renaissances. He has committed countless murders, allegedly starting at the age of 12. The number of rumors surrounding their family of fornication, incest, and murder is astounding. Alexander also issued the Papal Bull Inter caetera, which gave Spain land west and south of a meridian 100 leagues (418 km) west of the Azores and the Cape Verde Islands.
Pope Leo X
Leo was Pope during the protestant reformation he issued the papal bull Exsurge Domine which excommunicated Martin Luther. Like other popes of the Renaissance he also took pride in beatifying the Vatican. He also took sides with Henry the VII as the Defender of the Faith.
Pope Clement VII
Clement was heavy enrolled in a war between France and Germany although he never took a side and often switched from one to another for the interest of Italy, this eventually lead to his capture by Henry the VII of England, France took Italy and in return Henry had his marriage annulled.
Pope Clement XI
Clements main focus was on keeping a balance of power between the HRE and France while keeping Italy safe, he ultimately failed in both of them once French troops took Mantua. He also issued the papal bull Unigenitus directed the French during the 30 Year's War this criticize Jansenism.
Pope Pius VI
Pius severed 24 years as pope 4th longest in pope history he opposed the French Revoltion and was kicked out of the papal by French troops in 1798 and wasn't allowed back in
Pope Bd. Pius IX
Pius served 32 years the longest in church history, during which he over the first Vatican council, where the papal infallibility, this was time where all the Bishops went to the Vatican and got on the same this put all popes on the same page on a global level
Pope Gregory XVI
Gregory was a traditionalist and opposed the use of technology because he felt that it would increase the power the bourgeoisie, which in turn would decrease his monarchical power. He was the last pope to take the name Gregory XVI
Pope St. Pius X
Pius is well recognized for his opposition of modernist interpretations of Catholic dogma, he promoted traditional devotional practices and orthodox theology, which is shown in his
Code of Canon Law,
which is a collection of the laws of the Church into one book. He was know as a pastoral pope because of how he chose to live his life through the reflection of Christian values such as personal holiness and piety
Pope Pius XI
Pius took office around the same time Mussolini took power, Mussolini signed the Lateran Treaty which gave pope to the right to rule over the Vatican so long as the pope recognized the establishment of the kingdom of Italy and announced permanent neutrality in military and diplomatic conflicts of the world. Pius agreed to no longer address conflicts as the leader of a state but rather as the head of the Church
Pope John XXIII
John is one of the all time most famous popes, this is because of his way of dealing with issues, in his most famous quote he stated "We were all made in God's image, and thus, we are all Godly alike" he looked at life very positively he also led in the Second Vatican Council in which he gave his famous Speech on the moon
Pope Benedict XIV
Benedict was pope for 18 years during which he passed two major bulls quo singulari and Omnium solicitudinum these bulls where directly aimed to reform the Jesuits' Indian and Chinese missions.
John Paul was the first Polish pope and first non-Italian pope in 455 years during his years he canonized more saints than any other pope before him he is the 2nd longest serving pope currently, during his reign he visted 129 countries.
Pope Leo XIII
Leo died in office at the age of 93 making him the oldest pope he also served for the 3rd longest time. Leo was the first pope whose voice was.Leo's diplomatic ways were opposite of Pius of whom he succeeded Leo pushed the church back into a good standing with the rest of Europe, his policies put the church back in the daily European life.
Pope Francis is the current and relates much to Pope John XXIII is focusing on modernizing the church to adapt to the current times he is the first pope to have an official twitter
Pope Clement VIII
Clement the VII is famously know for saying "This devil's drink is so delicious...we should cheat the devil by baptizing it" about coffee he was enrolled with Anti-Jewish he issued the papal bull Cum saepe accidere which basically outlawed Jews form returning to Rome
Pius had several accomplishments during his Papacy one of which evolved maintaining the balance of power with the French, he declared "Catholicism was the religion of the great majority of the French" but he didn't declare Catholicism as the official religion this provided much need religious freedom the protestants
Pope Ven. John Paul II
St. Peter ,St. Linus, St. Anacletus (Cletus)
St. Clement I
St. Alexander I
St. Sixtus I (also called Xystus I)
St. Pius I
St. Victor I
St. Callistus I
St. Urban I
St. Lucius I
St. Stephen I
St. Sixtus II
St. Felix I
St. Caius (also called Gaius)
St. Marcellus I
St. Sylvester I
St. Julius I
St. Damasus I
St. Anastasius I
St. Innocent I
St. Boniface I
St. Celestine I
St. Sixtus III
St. Leo I (the Great)
St. Felix III (II)
St. Gelasius I
St. John I
St. Felix IV (III)
St. Agapetus I (also called Agapitus I)
St. Gregory I (the Great)
St. Boniface IV
St. Deusdedit (Adeodatus I)
St. Martin I
St. Eugene I
St. Leo II
St. Benedict II
St. Sergius I
St. Gregory II
St. Gregory III
Stephen II. (died before being consecrated)
St. Paul I
St. Leo III
St. Paschal I
St. Leo IV
St. Nicholas I (the Great)
St. Adrian III
St. Leo IX
St. Gregory VII
Blessed Victor III
Blessed Urban II
Blessed Eugene III
Blessed Gregory X
Blessed Innocent V
St. Celestine V
Blessed Benedict XI
Blessed Urban V
St. Pius V
Urban VIII (-)
Innocent X (-)
Blessed Innocent XI
Ven. Pius IX
St. Pius X
John Paul I
John Paul II