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High School Dropouts

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Rocio Favela

on 6 December 2014

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Transcript of High School Dropouts

High School
Dropouts

Dropping out the problem...
Why are students dropping out?
"Who is 'at risk'?"
Prevention

The High School Graduation Initiative (HSGI) awards discretionary grants to State educational agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs) to support the implementation of effective, sustainable, and coordinated dropout prevention and re-entry programs in high schools with annual dropout rates that exceed their state average annual dropout rate.

Statistics & Demographics
What is a High School Drop out?
According to the National Center for Education Statistics a high school drop out is defined as one, leaving school without a high school diploma or equivalent credential such as a general educational development (GED) certificate
Visualizing the Numbers
America's High School Dropout Epidemic

Guess which program I was apart of / support ?
According to California State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson, reports in the states news release, Of the students who started high school in 2009-10, 11.6 percent dropped out. That is down 1.5 percentage points from the 2011-12 drop out rate. Again, the decline in dropout rates among African-American and Hispanic students compared favorably to the statewide rates. Among African-American students, 19.9 percent dropped out, down 2.2 percentage points from the year before. Among Hispanic students, 14.1 percent dropped out, down 2 percentage points from the year before. (Jung, 2014)
A closer look at this epidemic....
Reasons High School Students Drop Out
Low Socioeconomic Status
Dysfunctional home life
No parental involvement
Low parental expectations
Non-English-speaking home
Ineffective parenting/abuse
High mobility
Academic Factors
Truancy
-
Student related
Hormonal change
Mental problems/Depression
Health related/Pregnancies
Poor school attitude
Low ability level
Illness/disability
Low self-esteem/self-efficacy
Community Related:
Culture & Language
Lack of community support services or response
Lack of community support for schools
Failed assimilation
Unpleasant & unsuccessful language learning experiences.
Racism & exclusion
Dropout Triggers
"Every aspect of children's lives affects their ability to learn and succeed in school. "
Why is it important we take this problem into consideration?

"Dropping out, in turn, causes other secondary, indirect problems:"
Public Assistance.
Dropouts comprise nearly half of the heads of households on welfare.
Single Parents.
Prisons.
One research study pointed out that 82% of America’s prisoners are high school dropouts.
Earning potential & Unemployment.

Delinquency/Criminal behavior
Substance abuse
Gang involvement
Peer Pressure
The action of staying away from school without good reason; absenteeism.
"...The non-uniform maturation pattern in which the limbic region (emotions) develops faster than the cortex region (reasoning) may significantly contribute to an increase in risk taking and novelty seeking by youth, particularly younger teenagers."
(Winters & Arria, 2011, p. 35)
" Dropouts are more likely to be unemployed, have poor health, live in poverty, be on public assistance, and be single parents."
Stats retrieved from: http://www.dropoutprevention.org/statistics
"Impact on Public Safety"
"A study of murder profiles in San Francisco from 2004 to 2008 revealed that 94% of San Francisco’s homicide victims under the age of 25 were high school dropouts....By staying in school – even for one additional year – a young person’s risk of becoming involved in criminal activity decreases."
https://www.dosomething.org/actnow/tipsandtools/background-high-school-dropouts
https://oag.ca.gov/truancy/2013/ch2
Family Related
http://www.dropoutprevention.org/statistics/situations-that-put-youth-at-risk
http://www.dropoutprevention.org/statistics/situations-that-put-youth-at-risk
Boredom
Failing/Grade retention
Negative School climate
Disciplinary problems
School safety- Bullying
Lack of adequate counseling
Disregard of student learning styles
Low expectations
Relatedeness
US Department of education

HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION INITIATIVE ALSO KNOWN AS SCHOOL DROPOUT PREVENTION PROGRAM
Model Programs we MAY Recognize
Job Corps

Job Corps is a free education and training program
that helps young people learn a career, earn a
high school diploma or GED, and find and keep a good job.
For eligible youth at least 16 years of age, Job Corps provides the all-around skills needed to succeed in a career.
Started: 1964
Emphasis: Recovery/Re-Entry
Grade levels: 11-Adult
Promotes: Adult Education, Alternative Education, Career Education, Community Collaboration, Credit Recovery, Mentoring/Tutoring, Life Skills Training

Boys & Girls Clubs
Boys & Girls Clubs are providing solutions to this national epidemic through homework
help, engaging and fun nutritional tips, energizing sports and recreational activities and challenging academic programs.
Started: 1806
Emphasis: Prevention
Grade levels: K-12
Promotes: Academic Improvement, Behavior Management/Discipline, Community Collaboration, Extra Curricular, Mentoring/Tutoring, Study Skills, Life Skills Training

LA's best after school program
Established in 1988, LA's BEST is a partnership including
the City of Los Angeles, the Los Angeles Unified School District and the private sector.
Started: 1988
Emphasis: prevention
Grade level :Elementarty
Promotes: Academic Improvement, Community Collaboration, Extended-School/Summer Program, Extra Curricular, Family/Parental Involvement, Life Skills Training

TRIO-Upward Bound
The US Department of Education developed a math and science initiative within
Upward Bound (UB) to address the under-representation of low-income and
minority students in math and science careers. Added to the federal TRIO programs
280 in 1990, Upward Bound Math-Science (UBMS)
provides grants to institutions to develop college preparatory programs geared toward these fields. Like regular UB, the program features
academic enrichment opportunities offered after school and during the summer, and most projects are hosted by two- and four-year colleges and universities.
Started: 1990
Emphasis: Prevention
Grade Level : 9-12
Promotes: Academic Improvement, Life Skills Training

Program's Goals

The program has five goals:
(1) a safe environment
(2) enhanced opportunities through the integration of an educational support structure
(3) educational enrichment activities to supplement and deepen the regular program
(4) recreational activities
(5) interpersonal skills and self-esteem development.


Prevention Strategies
GOALS:
Intervene before
Return and Complete
Recovery and Trade/Skill
Resource
National Dropout Prevention Center/Network ran by Clemson University

The mission of the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network is to increase graduation rates through research and evidence-based solutions.
Since inception, the National Dropout Prevention/Network has worked to improve opportunities for all young people to fully develop the academic, social, work, and healthy life skills needed to graduate from high school and or lead productive lives.

Model Programs
There is no one programs that exemplifies the perfect dropout prevention program
Some programs have been considered “model programs” for drop out prevention
The programs selected for the database of Model Programs is based on the evaluation literature of specific prevention, intervention, and recovery programs.
Programs are classified as Preventative, Re-entry, Recovery
National Dropout Prevention Center/Network ran by Clemson University has 357 model programs total
108 of those programs are considered Strongly evident in improving rates of high school drop outs
There are four programs that are California friendly and strongly effective high school drop outs
Full transcript