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EVALUATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES IN THE UAE

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on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of EVALUATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES IN THE UAE

EVALUATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES IN UAE
Introduction
The UAE has demonstrated commitment to renewable energy by setting targets for renewable energy sources in Dubai and Abu Dhabi

This research looks into reviewing renewable energy policies in the UAE for the purpose of making appropriate recommendations targeted towards improvement and diffusion of renewable energy technologies in the region.
Methodology
Qualitative Survey
The following categories have been defined by the author for the distribution of the survey across Dubai and Abu Dhabi:
1. Public Stakeholders
2. Research and Development (people in Masdar Institute and other relevant academic institutions)
3. Power Sector
4. Operative Businesses (Professionals in energy management, renewable energy, energy policies etc

*There were 50 participants in total due to the nature of the survey, it was restricted to only people who have the technical expertise or background
Case Studies for International benchmarking
Germany- Feed in tariff Policy
China - Renewable energy development project
Spain - 10 year plan for renewable energy promotion
Dubai - 5% by 2030
Abu Dhabi - 7% by 2020
`
Barriers to Renewable Energy Development in the UAE
Technology Barriers
Recommendations
Polices for ease of grid access
Lack of technology specific targets for RET
Lack of sufficient public-private partnerships for small/medium scale businesses
Long term (15yrs)
Short term (5yrs)
Medium term (10yrs)
The research suggests that the success of RE in the UAE is strongly dependent on establishing the right mix of policies (especially market driving policies). After reviewing the status of activities and systems surrounding renewable energy in the UAE, it was established that the existing targets for renewable energy in Abu Dhabi and Dubai are unlikely to be met unless there is improvement.
RE Projects and Targets
Market Barriers
Subsidies/Rentier state system
Absence of Market driving policies
Thank You

Motivation for RE development in UAE
Climate Change
Increased domestic consumption of valuable gas reserves
Rapid urbanization
Environmental vulnerability
Political Agenda
Image source : (Krane 2013)
Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, implemented by the Dubai Supreme Council of Energy (DSCE) is part of the DSCE Integrated Energy Strategy 2030 and aims to reach a capacity of 1000 megawatts by 2030, providing 5% of Dubai’s total power needs.

The first phase of this project (13MW) was commissioned in October 2013 *




*Dubai Supreme Council of Energy
CO2 Displacement: 15,000 metric tons per year
October 22, 2013: Second phase announced
2017: Second phase to be completed
100MW: Power production capacity in second phase
1,000MW: Total power production capacity on completion
RE Targets across the GCC Countries
Poor public acceptance
5 Important research questions
1. Are RE targets in the UAE sufficient by themselves to mitigate carbon emissions?

2. What progress has been made so far? Are these emirates of Dubai and Abu Dhabi on track to meet these targets?

3. Are the policies in place sufficient to create a viable market for renewable energy technology?

4. Do existing policies make room for energy efficiency and demand side management?

5. Do existing policies allow for innovation and technology transfer?
Feedback
Establishment of technology specific targets for RET
Establishing PPP’s to incubate markets for specific technologies
Effective market research
Regular constructive feedback
Focus on Demand side management and efficiency
Establishment of smart grids and net metering
Paradigm shift from large centralized projects to medium and small scale distributed projects
Separate portion of ‘rents’ from oil to finance specific RET
Stepwise increase of electricity bills to make RE attractive and curb CO2 emissions in the long term
Establishment of dynamic and flexible FIT and RPS policies
`
Questions?
...In conclusion
Contents

Introduction
Motivation
Five important research questions of the study
Methodology
Barriers to renewable energy technology in UAE
Recommendations
Conclusion
Questions


Solar water heating regulation
National renewable resource assessment and mapping
Renewable energy development assistance program
Overseas renewable energy investment strategy
Renewable energy education, research and development strategy
Estidama & Green building code
Overview of renewable energy policies in the UAE

Proposed Strategy for establishing PPP's for RET in the UAE
Full transcript