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Unpacking Hellmuth Kaiser: Kafka's Fantasy of Punishment
Transcript of Unpacking Hellmuth Kaiser: Kafka's Fantasy of Punishment
Five phases of development:
Genital Ages 3-6: Oedipus Complex Father Gregor Huck Finn Jim and Huck switch roles " 'Is your man white or black?' I didn't answer up prompt. I tried to, but the words wouldn't come. I tried for a second or two to brace up and be out with it, but I warn't man enough--hadn't the spunk of a rabbit. I see I was weakening, so I just give up trying, and up and says: 'He's white' " (Twain 89). Huck Immature Jim fatherly and loving “When I got all wore out with work, en wid de callin’ for you, en went to sleep, my heart wuz mos’ broke bekase you wuz los’, en I didn’t k’yer no’ mo’ what become er me en da raf’” (Twain 85). Huck matures, gains "upper hand" "It was a close place. I took it (the letter) up, and held it in my hand. I was a trembling, because I'd got to decide, forever, betwixt two things, and I knowed it. I studied a minute, sort of holding my breath, and then says to myself: 'All right, then, I'll go to hell' - and tore it up" (235). “The insect of The Metamorphisis feels a decided pleasure in things that are unclean and disgusting, hence, in feces, and can therefore enjoy the spoiled food without disgust” (151) “The son cannot put himself in the father’s position without the father’s putting himself in the son’s position… anality… driven out of one person, must enter into another” (156) “There are two scenes of maltreatment. In the first scene two injuries occur; in the second, two apples strike. The repeated occurrence of the number two strengthens the interpretation, in any case obvious, that the mistreatments are ‘acts of castration’” (157) Kaiser quotes Kafka: “‘[Gregor] saw his mother run up to his father and on the way her unfastened petticoats slide to the floor one by one; and saw as, stumbling over them, she forced herself onto his father, and embracing him, incomplete union with him’” (154) progresses to genital phase regresses to anal phase