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Transcript of Continuity Editing
Match on Action is one of the most common forms of continuity editing in modern day film. The match on action rule is the technique whereby one shot sharply cuts to another showing the same action of the subject in the first shot, however at a different angle from before. This technique of editing is beneficial as it expresses a strong sense of continuity in the scene as it uses the two different shots and the cut carrying through to draw the attention of the audience to a focus or allow the audience to pick up where the other left off.
The eyeline match is another form of continuity editing which is commonly used in a number of different types of production. The Eyeline match refers to the idea that audiences want to see directly what the character is seeing, focusing on or looking at in a particular scene: this may be another character, an object or setting. A scene using eyeline match commonly opens with a shot of the character looking at something out of shot which the audience cannot see, the shot then cuts to the view of what the character is looking at. In scenes where there is multiple characters, eyeline match can be used a number of times to switch between the view of each character in the scene.
Cross cutting is another form of continuity editing which is commonly used in film and tv. Cross cutting is when two different scenes are edited and cut together in the same sequence. Cross cutting is normally used to create drama and suspense in sequences and usually represents two events happening in different locations at the same time, often these scenes will juxtapose each other and represent two different extremes. In scenes using cross-cutting, the shot will quickly cut from one action, place or event while each scene continues, this creates a simultaneous tone suggesting that both scenes are occurring at the same time relative to each other. Cross cutting is commonly used in order to add to the drama of a scene and to compare and contrast elements in a sequence.
The following is a clip from the 2010 film Inception directed by Christopher Nolan that uses cross cutting to represent two different events happening at the same time:
Continuity editing refers to a style of editing used in film, TV and various videos that takes place during the post production stage of development within productions.The purpose of continuity editing is to make sure that shots run on smoothly from each other without any visual mistakes and hiccups, while maintaining a strong sense of continuous space and time. In most productions, a strong sense of continuity in a scene is aimed towards as it allows an audience to easily follow the scene with minimal confusion and it allows the scene to seamlessly flow between cuts.
In film, continuity editing can take shape in a number of different forms and styles which are carefully chosen by the directors of a film in order to carefully try to make the film's reality as similar as possible to the audience's reality:
The 180 Degree Rule
The 180 degree rule is another form of continuity editing commonly found in film and tv. The 180 degree rule refers to when the shots in a scene don't exceed a 180 degree angle on a set. The straight line called the axis connects the characters together while keeping the camera on one side of this axis at all times in the scene. With the 180 degree rule, one subject is always on the same side of the frame compared to the other subject which remains on the other side. The 180 degree rule allows the camera to move or cut to any point as long as its on the same 180 degree side. When a scene goes over the 180 degree rule then it can be called "shooting in the round" or "crossing the line", this is when all the space available (360 degree rule) is used in a scene. Similarly to the 180 degree rule, some productions also use the 30 or even 10 degree camera angles in a scene, these rules also maintain the same principle however with smaller angles.
The following is an illustration which represents a real world example of the 180 degree rule used in film, tv etc. From the illustration, we can see the 180 degree angle and the various positions in which the camera can move, however on the other side we can see where the scene uses shooting in the round if it crosses the 180 degree section.
A montage is defined as 'the technique of selecting, editing, and piecing together separate sections of film to form a continuous whole.' A montage is a type of editing technique used in order condense significant events in the story into one quick sequence. These montages are therefore commonly used in order to speed up the pace of the film or shorten sequences in order to keep up the pace of a film. One of the most iconic examples of a montage in film is through the film, Rocky. In this sequence we can see a montage of the character Rocky Balboa as he trains for his upcoming boxing match with his opponent. The training montage mixed with the iconic theme tune and the creative shots of Philadelphia make this sequence one of the most iconic moments in film.
The following is a simple image showing how match on action works in film, examples of match on action can be found in nearly all films as it is a simple concept and is often used in scenes of a film.
Here’s a quick clip of the example on the previous slide, this scene uses the eyeline match effectively in order to create a dramatic sequence for the audience. In this clip, we can see the character looking at a painting with dramatic tension. The scene shows the character slowly looking up towards something, at this point the character doesn’t know what she is looking at in order to make the sequence more dramatic. The shot then cuts to directly what she is looking at, the painting. The camera then cuts again to a panning shot of the characters face in order to show her emotions, the shot then cuts a final time to a closer detail of the painting, someone falling into the water.