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Physical Disabilities

This presentation is intended as an introduction for pre-service teachers. Use online or in class.

Carl Liaupsin

on 6 April 2016

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Transcript of Physical Disabilities

has Multiple Sclerosis
Progressive deterioration of myelin sheath (tissues surrounding spinal cord)
Mild attacks followed by recovery; inconsistent educational experiences
Leads to partial or total paralysis, speech problems, bowel and bladder issues
has Cystic Fibrosis
Chronic genetic disorder affecting pancreas, lungs, or both
Mucus does not drain effectively, blocking air passages
Most common cause of death from a genetic disorder
Proper treatment slows progression
Treatment includes medication and percussion
has Osteogenesis Imperfecta
"Brittle bone disease"
Bones fracture easily
Restricted physical activity
Hearing loss
Orthopedic impairment means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis), and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).
Other health impairment means having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that--

(i) Is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette syndrome; and

(ii) Adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Students will describe orally and in writing how various physical disabilities might impact a child or youth's educational experience
Hearing the stories of youth with disabilities can provide us with insights into their lives and the educational challenges they may face.
Children with physical disabilities are likely to be served in special education in the categories of:
Orthopedic Impairment
Other Health Impaired
Explore the stories of these youth.
Make notes about their challenges.
Develop suggestions regarding educational supports
Caused by brain damage pre-natal, peri-natal, or post-natal
Non progressive
Generally affects gross and fine motor control
Can affect hearing (30%), vision (35%), speech (70%), and IQ (50%). Convulsive disorders (35%-60%)
Prevalence: 2 of every 1000
What would you think about her abilities if you only heard her using natural speech?
Dynavox Speech
has Cerebral Palsy
Types of CP
extensors and flexors contract unequally and at the same time; muscles shorten
purposeless, involuntary muscle movements
Cerebral damage; balance, depth, and gait problems
severe spacticity renders muscles rigid
absence of muscle tone; “floppy child” syndrome
Most persons have more than one type
Progressive degeneration of voluntary muscle functioning
Age of onset varies; Affects 1 in 3500 males
Duchenne type most common; inherited through mother
Generally appears between 3 and 6
No known treatment; therapy to control contractures
Progression: wheel chair for ambulation by age 10: contractures: heart failure or lung infection due to weakening of muscles
has Muscular Dystrophy
Traumatic injury
Possible recovery depending on area and degree of damage
Terms: quadriplegia, paraplegia
has a Spinal Cord Injury
Congenital defect of the spine; failure to fuse during first 30 days of pregnancy
Second most common specific birth defect (Down syndrome is first)
Prevalence: 0.1 to 4.13 per 1000
Usually in the lower back
Treatment includes surgery, physical therapy, medication
Prevention: Folic acid!
has Spina Bifida
Most common form of Arthritis in children
General fatigue, joint swelling, pain
60%-70% recover by age 10
has Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Cause can include brain damage from birth injuries, later head injuries, or high fever
Sudden surge in brain electrical activity
Generalized seizures: both sides of brain (categorized by severity of outward symptoms)
Absence seizures: (petit mal) 5 to 10 seconds of “daydreaming”
Partial seizures: localized brain dysfunction
Treatment: medication
Prepare for seizures
Loss of previous educational and behavioral gains
has Epilepsy
has Diabetes
kidney disease
nerve disease
Type 1 is an autoimmune disease in which body attacks pancreas
Type 2 is when cells become insulin resistant
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