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AAC Educators Presentation

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Aja Armijo

on 5 May 2016

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Transcript of AAC Educators Presentation

What is AAC?
AAC stands for augmentative and alternative communication.

It is the use of "some form of communication that is designed to either supplement or replace more typical means of communication."
What does AAC look like?
AAC can be simple or complex:
Who can benefit from AAC?
Children with a variety of disabilities and barriers to communication can benefit from AAC, including:
Cerebral palsy
Autism spectrum disorder
Traumatic brain injury
Down syndrome
Intellectual disability
Childhood apraxia of speech
Profound speech sound disorder
And countless others...
AAC in Use Cont'd
How do I know if a child will benefit from AAC?
When a child is unable to speak clearly, consistently, or at all for any reason, but uses creative ways to communicate with those around them, they are likely to benefit from AAC.
I think I know a child who might benefit from AAC, what do I do next?
Contact your school's speech-language pathologist
Contact the school district's Assistive Technology team
Contact an AAC expert in your area to set up an AAC evaluation for the child

School-based AAC information
: http://www.asha.org/slp/schools/prof-consult/aac_resources/
Rural area information
: http://resnaprojects.org/allcontacts/statewidecontacts.html
Additional information about AAC
: http://www.asha.org/slp/clinical/aac/
AAC in Use
1. Kent-Walsh, J., & Binger, C. (2010). What every speech-language
pathologist/audiologist should know about augmentative and alternative communication. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
2. Light, J., & Mcnaughton, D. (2014). Communicative Competence for
Individuals who require Augmentative and Alternative Communication: A New Definition for a New Era of Communication?. AAC: Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 30(1), 1-18 18p. doi:10.3109/07434618.2014.885080
3. Beukelman, D. R., Mirenda, P., & Beukelman, D. R.
(2013).Augmentative and alternative communication: Supporting children and adults with complex communication needs. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Pub.

GOAL: Communication!
When Communication Breaks Down: Navigating the Road to AAC in Education
By: Aja Armijo, Graduate Student of Speech-Language Pathology University of New Mexico
Photo courtesy of: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-VFSMd93IXVo/T4dqaz09dNI/AAAAAAAAACc/sy15Hu2Gmgs/s1600/AAC_fingersymbols.jpg
Communication Board
Clip art courtesy of: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-NpZo49bCAeM/T4du1NuF_4I/AAAAAAAAACo/r6akebybKLU/s1600/signlanguage.JPG
Photo courtesy of: http://cjonline.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/superphoto/editorial/images/200912/119618_web_mid122009santos2.jpg
Manual Sign Language
Speech Generating Device
iPad Apps
Photo courtesy of: https://katilea.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/p2g-on-ipad.jpg
Eye Gaze Board
Photo courtesy of: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/05/4b/69/054b6970c212b5e747c47a3672572b74.jpg
Video from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tp2ROyyyqjo__
Augmentative and alternative communication is used to provide individuals with a reliable and appropriate means of communication throughout the lifespan. Therefore a child using AAC will need to be reassessed throughout their life to ensure the form of AAC they are using is still appropriate.

Communication with AAC is a journey, not a destination!
Photo courtesy of: http://wvats.cedwvu.org/newsletters/spring2010/GoTalk9PlusA.jpg
Speech Generating Device
Signs a Child May Benefit from AAC:
Children without a formal diagnosis or disorder may still benefit from AAC. Below are some signs that AAC may be beneficial:
Has speech that is highly unintelligible to most people
Displays behavioral issues (tantrums, self-harm, harms others), which may be due to communication frustrations
Lacks participation in academic and extracurricular activities with peers
Has communication needs that are not being met through speech alone
Decrease behavioral issues due to not being understood
Teen in video is living with severe autism. He is nonverbal.
He uses his device to communicate how he is feeling and what he needs.
At the beginning of the video, he is extremely frustrated (biting and hitting)
At the end, when using his device, he is able to be understood, which translates to being calm and eating a snack!
AAC in Use Cont'd
A child with cerebral palsy uses switch scanning to communicate what she wants.
At the end of the video, she uses partner-assisted scanning to answer simple questions.
Video from:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w-sxeiJdkyQ_
Video from:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zO1euwFlPvo_
AAC in Use Cont'd
Video from:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjGaNwrnP5c_
Here a student uses a communication board to discuss a family vacation.
He has a reliable way to select items on a communication board.
AAC can look different for every student.
Full transcript