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Dulce Et Decorum Est By Wilfred Owen
Transcript of Dulce Et Decorum Est By Wilfred Owen
Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge, B
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs A
And towards our distant rest began to trudge. B
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots C
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind; D
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots C
Of tired, outstripped Five- Nines that dropped behind. D
Gas! Gas! Quick, boys! - An ecstasy of fumbling, E
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time; F
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling, E
And flound`ring like a man in fire or lime... F
Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light, G
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning. H
In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, G
He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning. H
If in some smothering dreams you too could pace I
Behind the wagon that we flung him in, J
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, I
His hanging face, like a devil`s sick of sin; J
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood K
Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, L
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud K
Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues, L
My friend, you would not tell with such high zest M
To children ardent for some desperate glory, N
The old Lie; Dulce et Decorum est M
Pro patria mori. N In the third stanza
*Sibilous: "some smothering" and " devil's sick of sin"
*Assonances: "dreams you too could pace" , "at every jolt, the blood" , "the forth-corruptness lungs", "sores on innocent tongues" (i.e., the repeating sound of the vowels)
*Consonance: would be "watch the white eye" Sound Analysis Inspired by famous poets such as Keats and Shelley, Owen started writing poem at the age of nineteen. Wilfred Edward Salter Owen was born in 1893, Oswestry, Shropshire, England. And in October 1918, he won the Military Cross for his mass killing of German soldiers and seizing German weaponary Honour... Wilfred Owen used plain and powerful vocabulary to give us a vivid image of what war looks like. For example:
"old beggers under sacks"
"drunk with fatigue, deaf even to the hoots",
"As under a green sea, I saw him drowning" Lux Aeterna by
Clint mansel Rhyming Scheme *First Stanza
contains eight lines * Second Stanza
Contains eight lines * Third Stanza
contains twelve lines The Shape of the poem:
The print of the poem looks like magazine of a machine gun ABABCDCDEFEFGHGHIJIJKLKLMNMN The print of the Poem... *Every line starts with a capital letter. * There are lots commas, semicolons and exclamation marks. In the first stanza
*harsh sounding words such as sacks,backs (emphasizing the k sound), sludge,trudge(emphasizing the g sound)
*example of consonant: "Men marched"
* assonance : lost their boots, limped on, blood-shod, to the hoots(repetition of the vowel sounds) In the second stanza,
*assonances are: "fumbling, Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time" (the repetition of the U sound)
*"stumbling, And flound'ring "(the repetition of the U sound)
* More assonances are "panes and thick green light" (the repetition of the A-E sound), "saw him drowning" (A and O are repeated), "plunges at me, guttering" (the repetition of the U sound).
*An example of sibilous in this stanza would be "someone still" (repetition of the S sound) A Little bit of History On December 30th, after a year of training, Wilfred was sent to join the Second Manchester Regiment.
As soon as he went into the front line of battle he discovered the true horror of trench warfare.
His famous quote,"The people of England needn't hope. They must agitate", shows his disgust for warfare.
As a devoted Christian. he did not find pleasure in merciless killing at all.
In June 1917, he was diagnosed with shell-shock was sent back to England Wilfred was treated in Craiglockhart War Hospital near Edinburgh, where he met another war poet Siegfried Sassoon , who inspired him to write war poems.
Psychological Issues Most of the time Wilfred Owen spent serving the army, he fought as an outsider.
His morals and characters(bookish, shy, unoffensive) did not suite his role as a soldier.
And in November 4th, just a week from Armistice, he was killed. Denotation:
"Dulce et Decorum est Pro patria mori" means "It is sweet and right to die for your country"
ardent means keen
helmets- gas mask Imagery Metaphors: "Drunk with fatigue", "misty panes and thick green light", "deaf even to the hoots" Simile: "Bent double, like old beggars under sacks" ," coughing like hags"
" flound'ring like a man in fire or lime", "As under a green sea, I saw him drowning", "his hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin", and "the forth-corrupted lungs, obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud" Verbal Irony: "devil's sick of sin" Narration The narrator: male, about teenage to young adult, soldier, participating in
world war 1 in some trench in a French village. Religion- not specified, probably Christian
(example: "quick boys!", "men marched asleep")
Narration: varies, first person "I saw him drowning", second person ("if you could hear, at every jolt)" Intended Audience:
Young people , and to the people who think war is a normal way of living (i.e., those who are not aware of the real scenery of war)
The purpose of the poem was to educate people on how brutal and cruel war can be...
The purpose, was to give people the essence of the lie that lies in the so called " honour and sweetness" to die for the country. Theme... Siegfried Sassoon Percy Bysshe Shelley John Keats Innocent people are slaughtered and victimized in war to meet the greed of politicians. It is more like a chess game, where ponds are killed to settle down the difference between the kings. Only soldiers face the true horror of war... Thank you... It was in his nine months of recovery (August 1917 to September 1918), that he composed his most famous poems, among which are "Dulce et Decorum Est", "Insensibility", "Anthem for Doomed Youth", "Futility" and "Strange Meeting"
As soon as Wilfred recovered he was sent back to the war in September 1918. The actions Wilfred observed and felt in the war front traumatized him.
But after the recovery, a new Wilfred Owen entered the war.
He became a cold, heartless killing machine. His thinking was like a true mercenary. Sakib Yasar