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James Monroe 1817-1825
Transcript of James Monroe 1817-1825
Missouri Compromise 1820
With the War of 1812 won, Americans could concentrate on solving what was a growing internal problem: what to do about slavery.
By the turn of the 19th Century, outrage was growing over slavery, primarily in the Northern states.
As more and more territories were applying to become states, the decision of whether those states could allow slavery was becoming a very important issue
Monroe Doctrine 1823
5th president of the United States
Monroe was the last Democratic-Republican president.
His first term in office became known as the
Era of Good Feelings
, in part because of the political cooperation and because of America’s high morale after the War of 1812.
One by one, states joined the Union.
From 1816 to 1819, two Northern and two Southern states joined the Union.
The two Northern states, Illinois and Indiana, did not allow slavery; the two Southern states, Alabama and Mississippi, did.
The slavery issue was rapidly driving the country!
The Missouri Compromise
When Missouri applied to become a state, in 1819, the Union had 22 states, 11 allowing slavery and 11 outlawing it. Missouri wanted to become a slave state. Anti-slavery leaders were afraid that allowing another slave state would upset what was then a delicate balance between slave states and free states.
Agreement put forward by
that allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter the Union as a free state.
The Compromise also drew an imaginary line at 36 degrees north latitude, dividing the new Louisiana Territory into two areas, one north and one south.
Here are some details of the Compromise:
Missouri was admitted as a slave state
Maine was admitted as a free state
Slavery was forbidden north of the 36 degree latitude mark, the southern boundary of Missouri.
People in the North were encouraged to return runaway slaves to their masters.
* The Missouri Compromise solved the immediate problem but didn't solve the slavery issue as a whole.
Map of the Missouri Compromise
Written by John Quincy Adams
Basically, it warned European nations not to get involved in political matters in North, Central and South America.
* Warned European powers not to interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere!
Answer the following questions about the Monroe Doctrine with your group:
1. Which outside events, do you think, served as inspiration for the Monroe Doctrine?
2. What past events led to the creation of this doctrine? What did The US fear?
3. What were the main objectives of the Monroe Doctrine? Explain.
4. What principles of foreign policy did the Monroe Doctrine establish?
5. Why do you think the Monroe Doctrine included Central and South America, in what ways, if any, does the Monroe Doctrine invoke U.S. sympathy?