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Political systems UK, USA, Austria

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by

Pia Schröer

on 30 March 2014

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Transcript of Political systems UK, USA, Austria

The United Kingdom
constitutional monarchy
parliamentary democracy
differs from absolute monarchy
has an uncodified constitution
Monarch - Queen/King
The House of Commons
The House of Lords
Parliament
highest authority in the UK
Legislation (or law making)
Scrutinizes the government
represents the beginnings of Parliament
consists of over 1000 non-elected members
Lords, who inherited their titles
life peerages
higher bishops of the Church of England
can improve and amend bills before turning them
protects the country from hastily passed laws with unforeseen consequences
rather outdated
--> electoral vote:
1.
candidates get nominated by their
political party
2.
districts vote for their candidates
Members of Parliament
leader of the
majority party becomes
prime minister
appoints ministers -
on behalf of the monarch
prime minister appoints app. 20 ministers to work with him
controls the ministries
responsible for administration tasks of the state
Cabinet
Federal Council
Parliament
62 members
elected by the state legislatures
1.
citizens vote their favourite political party
Government
prime minister
Ministries
Ministry of Justice
Department of Communities and Local Government
Department of Health
Ministry of Finance
Department of International Development
Ministry of Defence
Department of Foreign Affairs
National Council
2.
proportional representation in the National Council
leader of the majority party normally becomes
Federal Chancellor
Ministries/Cabinet
Gouvernment
ministers appointed by the Federal Chancellor
Monarch: Queen Elisabeth II.




Prime minister: David Cameron
current Situation
current parties
Labour Party
Party #1
Party #2
Liberal democrats

Conservatives
The United States of America
full name of the republic is "The United States of America"
Legislative
House of representative
435 voting members
each represent a voting district
number of members bases on population
2 year-term
individual must be 25 years old
US-citizens for at least seven years
Senat
two senators - each state - regardless of population = 50 senators
six-year-terms
Executive
executive power in the federal government - vested in the President
power is often delegated to the Cabinet members
limited to two four-year terms

Function of the President
head of state and government
military commander-in-chief
chief diplomat
must "take care that the laws be faithfully executed"
"preserve, protect and defend the Constitution"

The forty-fourth and current president is Barack Obama.
President
second-highest executive
Vice President becomes President upon the death, resignation, or removal of the President
happened nine times in U.S. history
Under the Constitution - Vice President is President of the Senate
Vice President
Electoral vote
voters

voters are allowed to vote with an age of 18 - regardless of race, gender, or wealth
Electoral College
citizens cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College
electors in turn directly elect
electors can elect a president who doesn’t have the majority of popular votes
Each state is allocated a number of Electoral College electors equal to the number of its Senators and Representatives in the U.S. Congress
538 electors
President/Vice-president
• candidate must meet these requirements:

must be a natural born citizen
has to be aged 35 or more
must have lived 14 years in the states before running for president
"the winner takes it all"
cabinet
heads of departments - chosen by the president
5 departments
different heads form the cabinet
The White house staff
Office of Management and Budget
Office of the U.S. trade Representative
...
Judicial branch
Congress of the United states
Democratic Party
found in 1824
center-left or liberal
Senat is controlled by the the Democratic Party
Republicans
found in 1854
center-right or conservative
House of Representatives is controlled by the Republicans
current situation
federal president
Federal President
Federal Chancellor
current parties in the National Council
Political systems
Party #3
embarrassing electoral campaign
Thank you for your attention!
federal government of the constitutional republic of fifty states
three distinct branches:
legislative
executive
judicial
vested by the U.S. Constitution
explains and applies the laws
by hearing and eventually making decisions on various legal cases
federal judges are appointed by the president and confirmed by the United States Senate

The Judiciary Act of 1789 subdivided the nation into judicial districts

basic structure of the national judiciary:
the Supreme Court
13 courts of appeals
94 district courts
2 courts of special jurisdiction
• occurs all 4 years
• between Nov. 2 & 8
• recent election
• next election
Presidential elections
Full transcript