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Ben Franklin- The Autobiography and Poor Richard's Almanac

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Allie Weatherby

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Ben Franklin- The Autobiography and Poor Richard's Almanac

Ben Franklin- The Autobiography and Poor Richard's Almanac
Questions
What were Benjamin Franklin's pseudonyms?
What was one of Benjamin Franklin's inventions?
What was one of Ben Franklin's aphorisms about friends?
How many parts does the Autobiography have?
What are almanacs, aphorisms, and autobiographies?
What is Ben Franklin's newspaper?
Where did Ben Franklin serve as ambassador?
Where did the sayings in the Poor Richard's Almanac come from?
When did Ben Franklin finish his autobiography?
Summary
Questions
Terms
History of Benjamin Franklin
The Autobiography
Poor Richard's Almanac
Terms
autobiography- written in first person, written by the person whose life is being chronicled
aphorism- a short saying with a message
almanac- an annual calendar containing important dates and information such as tide tables and astronomical data
Benjamin Franklin in Literature
Benjamin Franklin was born January 17th, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts.
He died April 17th, 1790 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
In 1728 Franklin opened his own print shop and named it The Pennsylvania Gazette.
Some of his most famous writings in history are the Mrs. Silence Dogood letters, Poor Richard’s Almanac, and The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin.

Benjamin Franklin in Politics
Benjamin Franklin was a member of the First and Second Continental Congress.
He was one of the first men in the country to suggest the idea of separation from England at the Albany Congress of 1754.
Was a member of the two congresses for the state of Pennsylvania.
He was one of the main writers of the Declaration of Independence and revised both Richard Henry Lee's and Thomas Jefferson's original drafts of the Declaration of Independence.
Served as the minister to France from 1776 to 1785.
Signed the Declaration of Independence and the U.S Constitution.
Benjamin Franklin in Science
Benjamin Franklin invented many inventions including the lightning rod, glass armonica, Franklin stove, bifocals, and many more.
Benjamin Franklin spent most of his free time inventing, reading about scientific discoveries, and taking notes on different things through out his day.
The story of Benjamin Franklin and the kite, string, and key in the lightning storm is not entirely true.
The Autobiography
The unfinished record of Ben Franklin's life
Divided into four parts in which he reflects on different things
Encompasses Ben Franklin's great life lessons
Focuses on what he learned, not what he did
The Autobiography
In the story, Ben Franklin pinpoints 13 virtues people should try to practice more
Gave a daily schedule of Franklin's life
Showed how he tried to become morally perfect
Told multiple stories about how he succeeded in life
Poor Richard's Almanac
Poor Richard's Almanac started out as just an almanac, for predicting the weather, tides, phases of the moon and such
His pseudonym for the Almanac was Richard Saunders, since he started writing in his teens
His pseudonym's fake wife's name was Bridget
He included witty sayings and observations at the top and bottom of his pages
These are aphorisms, short witty sayings
Poor Richard's Almanac
These short, witty sayings are what make up Poor Richard's Almanac
Franklin adopted them from old proverbs
He valued clarity and brevity, making aphorisms the perfect way to express himself
Most of the sayings were around before Franklin, and he just compiled them
Many of the sayings had to do with the virtues mentioned in the Autobiography
Poor Richard's Almanac
Three can keep a secret if two of them are dead.
Creditors have better memories than debtors.
Well done is better than well said.
A good Lawyer is a bad Neighbor.
Search others for their virtues, thyself for thy vices.
Proclaim not all thou knowest, all thou owest, all thou hast, nor all though canst.
The rotten apple spoils his companions.
God helps them that help themselves.
A slip of the foot you may soon recover, but a slip of the tongue you may never recover.
Well done is better than well said.
An open foe may prove a curse; but a pretended friend is worse.
He makes a foe who makes a jest.
He that teaches himself has a fool for a master.
Temperance Cleanliness
Silence Tranquility
Order Chastity
Resolution Humility
Frugality
Industry
Sincerity
Justice
Moderation
Answers
What were Benjamin Franklin's pseudonyms? -
Richard Saunders (who had a wife Bridget), and Mrs. Silence Dogood
What was one of Benjamin Franklin's inventions? -
Glass armonica, lightning rod, bifocals, Franklin stove
What was one of Ben Franklin's aphorisms about friends? -
A rotten apple soils its companions.
How many parts does the Autobiography have? -
Four
What are almanacs, aphorisms, and autobiographies? -
almanac, a book that describes things in nature. Aphorism, a short witty saying. Autobiography, a book about the life of its author.
What is Ben Franklin's newspaper? -
The Pennsylvania Gazette
Where did Ben Franklin serve as ambassador? -
France
Where did the sayings in the Poor Richard's Almanac come from? -
Many old sayings and common proverbs
When did Ben Franklin finish his autobiography? -
He did not
Works Cited
Baldassarro, R. W. "Musings from a Candlelit Chamber." Musings from a Candlelit Chamber. N.p., 18 Sept. 2010. Web. 03 Dec. 2013. <http://deepforestproductions.com/blog/?p=623>.
Deas, Michael J. "Benjamin Franklin." Paintings and Illustrations. Michael J. Deas, n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2013. <http://www.michaeldeas.com/Benjamin_Franklin.htm>.
"History." Of the Armonica, Ben Franklin and Glass Armonica. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2013. <http://www.gigmasters.com/armonica/history.html>.
Torres, Haylei. "Room 5 U.S. History." : October 2012. N.p., 01 Oct. 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2013. <http://room5ushistory.blogspot.com/2012_10_01_archive.html>.
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