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Academic Dishonesty in a Digital World

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Amy Bruneau

on 15 February 2013

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Transcript of Academic Dishonesty in a Digital World

Amy Bruneau & Butch Lehman Academic Dishonesty Academic Dishonesty
in a Digital World Worldview Application Intellectual Ownership has lost its value Cybercheating:
-The use of technology tools in inappropriate ways for academic work.

-A growing challenge for students, parents, educators, and the community. “What’s changed is technology. It’s made cheating so easy” (ac cited in Conradson & Hernadez-Ramos, 2004, p. 2). Technology & Academic Dishonesty vs “The rapid and constant pace of change in technology is creating both opportunities and challenges for schools” (Education Week, 2011, pg. 1). A Changing Landscape . . . The root causes or reasons for student cheating/plagiarism

Often, unaddressed by teachers but instead assumed

If teachers hope to combat academic dishonesty they must address both these dimensions The damaging eruption of an underlying ethical issue

Often when teachers first realize and address issues of academic dishonesty The Immediate Problem: Cheating/Plagiarism The Underlying Problem: Digital Ethics Cybercheating: An Exploding Volcano “Cheating at the secondary level is not only occurring more frequently, but that students are using much more sophisticated methods” (Conradson & Hernadez-Ramos, 2004, pg. 1). Cheating
External Referencing
Homework Sharing

Plagiarism
Copy and Paste
Paper Mill Sites Methods of Cybercheating Plagiarism Stats
1 in 3 students admitted to using the internet to plagiarize an assignment.

15-20% of high school students admitted to purchasing or downloading a paper.

60 percent of plagiarized papers downloaded from the internet are high school students “As we educate our students for their computer dominated future, we must address the growing opportunities for dishonest use of technology” (Renard, 2000, p. 1). Cheating Stats
35% of teens (ages 13-17) have used cell phones to cheat on test/assignment

52% have used internet to cheat on test/assignment

59% believe that using cell phones or internet during a test is not a serious offense Troubling Research & Statistics Ignorance/Laziness
Digital Submersion
Copy and Paste

Academic Pressure
High Stakes Assessments
Expectations

Classroom Culture
Peer Influence
Shared Expectations Digital Ethics:
The Underlying Problem










*Books, encyclopedias, catalogues, and other
print sources for teaching/learning
*Traditional teaching/learning structure:
research, memorization, and internalization









*97 percent of U.S. Schools have internet
*Laptops, netbooks, and smartphones
*E-learning, mobile computing, multimedia
presentations, online resources and assessments Traditional Classroom Modern Classroom Ignorance
Laziness Academic
Pressure Classroom
Culture The root causes or reasons for student cheating/plagiarism

Often, unaddressed by teachers but instead assumed

If teachers hope to combat academic dishonesty they must address both these dimensions The damaging eruption of an underlying ethical issue

Often when teachers first realize and address issues of academic dishonesty The Immediate Problem: Cheating/Plagiarism The Underlying Problem: Digital Ethics Cybercheating: An Exploding Volcano With all the expectations and requirements placed upon
teachers, how are they to deal with these new challenges? BUT It's a tool for learning. A tool that is often misused. Computers have amazing options to strengthen
the learning of our students... Proposed Solutions Several Things to Help Relieve This Issue #1-Teach Ethics Heart of the Issue? Society is so used to INSTANT GRATIFICATION. Students have come to not understand the demands for completing research. Teaching the value of ethics will hopefully awaken the integrity of the individual to hold themselves to higher standards. Ethics are not in play ETHICS #2-Provide Passionate and Relevant Topics Passionate Topics Motivate Students Chore vs. Desire Relevant Topics = Allows them to Identify Ingrained with Natural Curiosity Finding a point of connection=Students will take pride and ownership in their work #3- Teach Plagiarism One reason: Students are not informed Teaching plagiarism builds confidence Confident Students=Confident Writers Accidental plagiarism can be avoided Ethics + Plagiarism=Two Big Hurtles Mastered #4- Build Accountability From Within Successful, thorough researchers with integrity Students have to know the consequences Consequences MUST be upheld Not enforcing given expectations will only encourage the issue of plagiarism. Use anti-plagiarism software Turnitin.com
Eve2
Plagiarism.org
HowOriginal.com (Anti-Plagiarism Software Pros and Cons) Google #5- Build a Community of Support Both Online and Offline Helps to build confidence in the students and provides guidance in their process With help readily available=Questions will be asked Training students early to do this
process correctly makes it easier for
them in the long run. http://edieparrott.typepad.com/gladly-would-i-teach/teacher-frustration/ http://level343.com/article_archive/2012/11/19/social-media-ethics-have-you-thought-about-it/ http://www.dawn-productions.com/as-i-see-it/quote-of-the-day-dorothy-parker-on-curiosity/ http://www.nadmnewgirlinthecity.com/2012/09/been-evaluating-thingswhen-do-we-find.html http://connectwithbrown.com/2012/11/02/group-work-for-better-or-for-worse/ 1-Develop Relationships Aligned with Donaldson's Model Respect of the students
Work Harder for You
Feel Valued and Confident 2-Develop Shared Goals Student success
Students of Integrity
Expectations for Academic Honesty 3-Take Action Together to Change the "New Norm" Current "norm" is resulting in Plagiarism
Proposed Solutions to help http://i43.tower.com/images/mm100501424/cultivating-leadership-in-schools-connecting-people-purpose-practice-gordon-a-donaldson-paperback-cover-art.jpg http://blog.business-model-innovation.com/tag/copy-and-paste/ Manifestations Dispositions The Immediate Problem: Cheating/Plagiarism The Underlying Problem: Digital Ethics Underlying to Immediate:
Environmental Conditions Activating Conditions "Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will" (Romans 12:2-3, NIV). "Internet-age students see so many examples of text, music and images copied online without credit that they may not fully understand the idea of plagiarism" (Gabriel, 2010, pg. 4). Aaron, D. N., Caneday, A. B., Helseth , P. K., Huffman , D. S., Hutchcraft , D. R., Lueck , P. E… Schultz , W. J. (2011). Christian contours: How a biblical worldview shapes the mind
and heart. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications.

Conradson, S. & Hernadez-Ramos, P. (2004). Computers, the internet, and cheating among
secondary students: some implications for educators. Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation, 9, 9-19. Retrieved from http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=9&n=9

Donaldson, G. (2006). Cultivating leadership in schools: Connecting people, purpose, and practice. (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Education world. (2013). Put an End to Plagiarism in Your Classroom. Retrieved from Education World Online http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/curr390.shtml

ESC Instructional Technology Toolbox. Anti-Plagiarism Software Pros and Cons: Effectiveness of Anti-Plagiarism Software. Retrieved from Empire State College Online
https://sites.google.com/site/empirestatecollegeprojects/turnitin/anti-plagiarism-software-pros-and-cons

Gabriel, T. (2010, Oct 25). Generation plagiarism?. The New York Times Upfront: The Newsmagazine for Teens. Retrieved from
http://citationmachine.net/index2.php?reqstyleid=2&mode=form&reqsrcid=APANewspaperArticle&srcCode=12&more=yes&nameCnt=1

Gabriel, T. (2010, July 5). To stop cheats, colleges learn their trickery. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/06/education/06cheat.html

Jones, I.M. (2009). Cyber-plagiarism: different method-same song. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regularly Issues, 12, 89-100. Retrieved from
http://search.proquest.com/docview/216262632?accountid=12915.

Ma, H., Yong Lu, E., Turner, S., & Wan, G. (2007). An Empirical Investigation of Digital Cheating and Plagiarism Among Middle School Students. Informally published manuscript,
American Secondary Education, Retrieved from http://ww2.coastal.edu/jwinslow/tech/files/readings/cheatingandplagiarism.pdf

McCabe, D.L. (1999). Academic dishonesty among high school students. Adolescence, 34, 681-687. Retrieved from
http://search.proquest.com/docview/195939642?accountid=12915.

Name2012. (Producer). (2007). How to Cheat in a Test Using a Coke Bottle! [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NRgM9-n7K5E.

Novotney, A. (2011). Beat the cheat: psychologists are providing insight into why students cheat and what faculty, schools, and even students can do about it. American
Psychological Association, 42, 54-57. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/monitor/2011/06/cheat.aspx.

Renard, L. (2000). Cut and paste 101: plagiarism and the net. Educational leadership, 57, 38-
42. Retrieved from http://proquest.com/docview/224848342?accountid=12915.

Toppo, G. (2011, December 16). eCheating: students find high-tech ways to deceive teachers.
USA Today. Retrieved from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/education/story/2011-12-15/cheating-school-cellphones.

[Untitled Illustration of Copy and Paste]. Retrieved February 12, 2013 from http://blog.business-model-innovation.com/tag/copy-and-paste/

[Untitled Illustration of Curiosity Quote]. Retrieved February 11, 2013 from http://www.dawn-productions.com/as-i-see-it/quote-of-the-day-dorothy-parker-on-
curiosity/

[Untitled Illustration of Confidence Wordle]. Retrieved February 11, 2013 from http://www.nadmnewgirlinthecity.com/2012/09/been-evaluating-thingswhen-do-we-
find.html

[Untitled Illustration of Cultivating Leadership in Schools]. Retrieved February 12, 2013 from http://i43.tower.com/images/mm100501424/cultivating-
leadership-in-schools-connecting-people-purpose-practice-gordon-a-donaldson-paperback-cover-art.jpg

[Untitled Illustration of Ethics Sign]. Retrieved February 11, 2013 from http://level343.com/article_archive/2012/11/19/social-media-ethics-have-you-thought-about-it/

[Untitled Illustration of Frustrated Teacher]. Retrieved February 11, 2013 from http://edieparrott.typepad.com/gladly-would-i-teach/teacher-frustration/

[Untitled Illustration of Teamwork]. Retrieved February 11, 2013 from http://connectwithbrown.com/2012/11/02/group-work-for-better-or-for-worse/ Works Cited *(Conradson & Hernandez-Ramos, 2004, p. 2) *(Conradson & Hernandez-Ramos, 2004, p. 2) *(Novotney, 2011, p. 1) *(Toppo, 2011, p. 1) *(Toppo, 2011, p. 1) *(Toppo, 2011, p. 1)
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