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BRITISH LITERATURE

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karin rimanova

on 13 February 2017

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Transcript of BRITISH LITERATURE

Beowulf
Old English literature
Renaissance and Reformation
The English Revolution and Restauration
Medieval Literature
John Wycliffe (1320-1384)
BRITISH LITERATURE
unknown writer
old heroic epic
a legendary pagan hero who kills powerful frightening creatures and becomes a king
9th cent
supported by Alfred the Great
history and life of his time
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
a professor of Oxford University
translated the whole Bible into English
strongly criticized Roman Catholic Church
Geoffrey Chaucer (1340-1400)
Sir Thomas Moore (1478-1535)
Utopia
a vision of of an imaginary island with perfectly organized society
William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
born in Stratfod-upon-Avon as the son of a glove maker
1582 married Anne Hathaway (8 yrs older than him)
3 children (one of the twins died)
1592 left for London and joined Lord Chamberlain's Men, which became King's Men
bought the Globe Theatre
first helped re-write and adapt older plays
later started to write his own plays
after his son's death returned rich to Stratford and lived a quiet family life
burried at the local Trinity Church
Work:
his mastery lies in understanding human psychology when dealing with moral questions and in the richness of his language
COMEDIES
The Taming of the Shrew
The Merchant of Venice
A Midsummer-Night's Dream
Merry Wives of Windsor
As You Like It
Much Ado about Nothing
The Comedy of Errors
TRAGEDIES
Romeo and Juliet
Hamlet
Macbeth
Othello
King Lear
HISTORICAL PLAYS
Henry VI
Richard III
Richard II
Henry IV
Henry V
Julius Ceasar
SONNETS
150
themes such as time, love, and beauty
John Milton (1608-1674)
poetry
pamphlets defending civil and religious rights
Paradise Lost
epic poem
about the revolt of Satan against Heaven and God
18th Century Literature
Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)
politican, traveller, and journalist
Robinson Crusoe
shipwrecked on a lonely island, represents the qualities which the middle class needed in competition

Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)
satirical pamphlets full of black humour and irony
Guliver's Travells
satire on British society (politics, kingdom, corruption, army, politicians...)
allegory of Lemuel Gulliver's travelling through imaginary countries
Romanticism
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
Prometheus Unbound
based on an old Greek legend about Prometheus who steals fire from Olympus to give it to people
Shelley's hero is also chained to a rock but in the end he is saved and with other fights against the tyrant Jove
Lord George Gordon Byron (1788-1824)
poetry
concerned with freedom of the individual as well as nations
Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
The Prisoners of Chillon

William Blake ( 1757-1850)
pre-romantic period
Songs of Innocence
Songs of Experiencce
focuses on emotions and passions rather than on intellectual attitude
unhappy and usually lonely heroes fight for freedom and against hypocritical society
Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832)
Scottish and English history (folk ballads and medieval romances)
Ivanhoe
Rob Roy
Mary Shelley (1797-1851)
gothic novel
exotic middle ages and haunted castles evoked mystery stories and horrors
Frankenstein
Victorian novels
Emily Bronte (1818-1848)
Wuthering Heights

Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855)
Jane Eyre

talented sisters who lived in isolation
wrote about moral and psychological problems
Charles Dickens (1812-1870)
had difficult childhood
describes life of the poor in Victorian England
Oliver Twist
Little Dorrit
The Pickwick Papers
Literature of the 20th Century
Robert Lewis Stevenson (1850-1884)
romantic and adventurous stories
Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
kind and intelligent doctor who turns into a psychopathic monster after consuming a drug intended to separate good from evil in a personality
Treasure Island
a tale of piracy, buried treasure, and adventure
Oscar Wilde (1856-1900)
criticized by London society and imprisoned for homosexuality
The Picture of Dorian Gray
excellent drama uveiling deeper levels of human character
The Importance of Being Earnest
The Happy Prince
The Nightingale and the Rose
Literature of the 20th Century
Rudyard Kipling (1856-1936)
the Nobel Prize
stories about India, the sea, the jungle and its animals
The Jungle Book
an abandoned boy Mowgli is raised by wolves in the Indian jungle
John Galsworthy (1867-1933)
the Nobel Prize
The Forsyte Saga
describes the decay of the Victorian upper-middle class
Herbert George Wells (1866-1946)
inventor of new form of scientific romance - Utopian fiction - begining of modern sci-fi
The War of the Worlds
invasion of Martians
its radio performance in 1939 caused mass panic
Literature of the 20th Century
James Joyce (1882-1941)
experimental prose using the stream of uncosnciousness
Ulysess
paralell with Homer's Ulysess
Joyce's Ulysess wanders around Dublin in the course of one day, all the characters correspond to the characters of the legend
Dubliners
George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)
attacked the whole society and its false morals
Pygmalion
professor of phonetics Henry Higgins makes a bet that he can train a Cockney flower girl, Eliza Doolittle, to pass for a duchess at an ambassador's garden party by teaching her to acquire perfect speech, which he believes, is the most important element of gentility
Contemporary Literature
William Golding (1911-1993)
the Nobel Prize
Lord of the Flies

a group of boys stranded on a tropical island reverting to savagery
J. R. R. Tolkien (1892-1973)
based the stories on his deep knowledge of old German and Celtic myths
Hobbit
The Lord of the Rings
The Silmarillion
a phantasy world of Middle-Earth where small hobbits seek happiness, goodness, and live many adventures
George Orwell (1903-1950)
allegory novels criticising totalitarian society
Nineteen Eighty-Four
a dystopian novel
Animal Farm
allegorical novella
Contemporary Literature
Agatha Christie (1890-1976)
the Queen of a detective story
Ten Little Niggers
Murder on the Orient Express
Ian Flemming (1908-1964)
spy novels, James Bond
Goldfinger
Casino Royale
Dr. No
Samuel Beckett (1906-1990)
the Nobel Prize
absurd drama
Waiting for Godot
two characters, Vladimir and Estragon, wait endlessly and in vain for the arrival of someone named Godot
J. K. Rowling (1965)
fantasy
Harry Potter
series
The Casual Vacancy

Canterbury Tales



a brilliant portrait of 30 pilgrims who travel to Canterbury and each tells 4 stories
a vivid picture of the 14th century society





SOURCES:

www.wikipedia.com
www.youtube.com
www.bridge-online.cz
Odehnalová J., Reading about the English Speaking Countries, PRÁH

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