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Civil War

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Addie Boston

on 14 October 2014

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Transcript of Civil War

1st Battle of Bull run
Took place on July 21, 1861
Fighting took place in northern Virginia, about 5 miles from a small river named Bull run.
Union Troops led by General Irvin McDowell
Confederate Troops led by General P.G.T Beaurgard
General Thomas Jackson was called Stonewall Jackson because he held out "like a stonewall"
Confederate troops force Union troops back; fleeing to D.C
The Confederates won, shocking the Northerns
Confederate Forces had 1750 casualties
Union Forces had some 3000 casualties

Ft. Donelson
February 11-16, 1862
Took place near Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River
Union Troops led by General Ulysses Grant
Confederate Troops led by General John Floyd
Confederate forces failed to break through Grant’s lines and had to surrendered the fort. Grant’s victory that made sure Kentucky would remain in the Union.
Union had a major win.
Union had 507 killed and 1,976 wounded
Confederate had 327 killed and 1,127 wounded
War of the Ironclads
March 8&9, 1862
The Battle took place at Southern Ports (Hampton roads)
The North was trying to stop the South by blocking their ports, to stop exporting items
First Battle of the civil war that was a battle fought in the water
Union had around 409 killed
Confederate had around 24 killed
Union Commander is John L. Worden
Confederate Commander is Franklin Buchanan
Neither side truly won
Battle of Shiloh
Battle of New Orleans
Seven Days Battle
2nd Battle of Bull Run
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville

Ft. Wagner
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Vicksburg
Total War Strikes the South
(include Union strategy and 3 battles)
Wilderness Campaign
Petersburg Siege
Sherman Takes Georgia
Battle of Mobile Bay
Lincoln's Re-election
Sherman's March to the Sea
Fall of Richmond
Surrender at Appamattox
April 6-7, 1862
Battle took place in Pittsburgh Landing
Ulysses S. Grant - Union Forces
Don Carlos Buell - Confederate Forces
Surprise Attack Grant’s camps around Shiloh Church and drove the forces back to the Tennessee River.
Worst fighting in that point of the civil war
Union Victory
Union casualties: 13,000
Confederate casualties : 10,700
April 24–25, 1862
Took place in New Orleans and Orleans Parish and St. Bernard Parish
The battle of New Orleans was the start of the Anaconda Plan; this was the plan by the Union to divide the Confederate States
Flag-Officer David G. Farragut and Major General Benjamin Franklin Butler- Union
Major General Mansfield Lovell - Confederate
Confederate lost the city, Union win
supposedly no deaths
June 26, 1862 – July 1, 1862
along the Virginia Peninsula east of Richmond
Union: George B. McClellan
Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee
There was 6 battles
Richmond stayed with the Confederate
Confederate win
Bloodiest week of fighting
34,000 casualties
19,000 Confederate
15,000 Union
Manassas, Virginia
August 28 – 30, 1862
Union- Major General John Pope Confederate- General Robert E. Lee
Confederate Win
Casualties: Union: 14,000
Confederate: 8,000
Much bigger than the first battle of bull run
Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland
September 17, 1862
Union: Major General George B. McClellan
Confederate: General Robert E. Lee
Union victory, in that Lee withdrew to Virginia.
Single bloodiest day of the war

Union casualties 12,400
Confederate casualties 10,300
Fredericksburg, Virginia
December 11-15, 1862
Union: Maj. General Ambrose E. Burnside
Confederate: General Robert E. Lee
It had the first amphibious assault on US soil
Largest Battle of the Civil War
Confederate Victory
Casualties
Union: 12,700
Confederate: 5,300
May 1–5, 1863
Union - Joseph Hooker
Confederate -Robert E. Lee
Battle was fought at the west side of Fredericksburg, VA
Bloody assault by the Union army that failed destroy the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.
17,000 for the Union - all missing or killed
13,000 for the Confederates - all missing or killed
General Robert E. Lee's greatest victories
Confederate Win
Emancipation Proclamation
The proclamation went into effect January 1, 1863
It was supposed to help free slaves, however it only freed slaves in the Confederate states, but he had little power there.
Because of The Battle of Antietam, Lincoln felt he needed to issue the proclamation
The war was now about keeping the Union together and ending slavery
He warned the South that if they would stop their rebellion he would not issue the proclamation

July 10 and 11, 1863
Fought at Morris Island in Charleston harbor
Maj. Gen. Quincy Gillmore - Union
Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard - Confederate
Fought at City of Charleston
Union- 1,515
Confederate - 174
Confederate victory
After the July 11 assault on Fort Wagner failed, Gillmore launched an attack by the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, all were black soldiers
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County
July 1-3. 1863
Generals
Union General: George G. Meade
Confederate General: Robert E. Lee
Union victory
Largest Battle of the whole civil war and largest battle ever fought in North America
One of the largest loses to the South
Known as the turning point in the civil war
23,049 Union- casualties
28,063 Confederate - casualties
FACT: An estimated 569 tons of ammunition was fired during the three days of fighting.
Vicksburg, Mississippi. Warren County
May 18-July 4, 1863
Union: Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate: Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton
Union Victory
Union Casualties: 4,800
Confederate Casualties: 3,300 with nearly 30,000 captured
Union now had the Mississippi River and the Confederate could not get supplies or reach states on the other side of the river
Spotsylvania and Orange Counties, Virginia
Took place near the old Chancellorsville battlefield
Union commanders had withdrawn their armies after failing to achieve victory south of the Rappahannock River
May 5-7, 1864
Generals:
Union: Lt. Gen Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate: General Robert E. Lee
No true winner
Casualties:
Union: 18,400
Confederate: 11,400
Petersburg, Virginia

June 9, 1864 – March 25, 1865

Generals
Union: Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee

Union Victory
Union Casualties: 8,000
Confederate Casualties: 3,200
series of battles
After the unsuccessful attack of the city of Petersburg by Ulysses S. Grant, Grant then made trenches around the eastern area of Richmond to the edge of Petersburg. The city was a major supplier to the confederate army led by Robert E. Lee.
Location - Mobile County and Baldwin County
Date - August 2-23, 1864
wanted tp close mobile bay
18 Union ships went into mobile bay
Farragut forced the Confederate forces to surrender
Union casualties - 322
Confederate casualties - 1,500
Union - David G. Farragut and Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger
Confederate - Adm. Franklin Buchanan and Brig. Gen. Richard L. Page
Important person- David Farragut, was 12 years old when joining the navy
Union Win

November 1864
Lincoln won
Lincoln won with 55% of the electoral votes
Lincoln said that this was a clear sign from the voters they wanted slavery to stop
On Jan. 31, 1865 Congress passed the 13th amendment, that banned slavery
He did not think he would be voted president again
November 15- December 21, 1864
from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
Union - William T. Sherman
Confederate - General George Thomas
From November 15 until December 21, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman led some 60,000 soldiers on a 285-mile march
Confederates went on a march destroyed Union supplies as they went.
Burned most of Atlanta
Union Victory
Around 3100 casualties of which 2,100 were Union soldiers.
Richmond, Kentucky
August 29-30, 1862
Generals: Union: William "Bull" Nelson | Confederate: Edmund Kirby Smith
Confederate Victory
Casualties: Union: 5,300 Confederate: 451
The first major battle in the Kentucky
The armory with all the ammunition exploded
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia
July 22, 1864
Generals
Union - William T. Sherman
Confederate - John Bell Hood
Union Victory
Union Casualties: 3,600
Confederate Casualties: 8,500
William Tecumseh Sherman went to Georgia and in early July his troops circled Atlanta

Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia
April 9, 1865
Generals
Union - Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate - Robert E. Lee
Union Army - 120,000
Confederate Army - 30,000
Union Victory
Casualties
Union - 260
Confederate - 440; over 27,000 surrender
This was the Army of Northern Virginia’s final battle and was the beginning of the end of the American Civil War.
General William Sherman destroyed Atlanta and area around. His strategy was to bring the horrors of war to the people of the South.
The Union ships blocked the Confederate coast
The Union controlled the Mississippi River, this blocked off western Confederate states
The Union wanted to block supplies getting to the South
Wilderness Battle
Spotsylvania Courthouse
Cold Harbor Battle
Full transcript